New Zealand Woman’s Weekly - - HEALTH & FAMILY -

Heat stroke, also known as hy­per­ther­mia, re­sults from pro­longed ex­po­sure to high tem­per­a­tures and can be fa­tal.

It oc­curs when the mech­a­nisms the body uses to cool it­self be­come over­whelmed by heat and stop work­ing prop­erly, rais­ing the body’s core tem­per­a­ture to more than 40oC.

Signs in­clude con­fu­sion, headaches, dizzi­ness, short and rapid breath­ing, a fast pulse and weak­ness. If not treated, it can lead to un­con­scious­ness, or­gan fail­ure and death.

If you sus­pect some­one has heat stroke, get med­i­cal help im­me­di­ately. Keep them cool while you’re wait­ing for the am­bu­lance by wrap­ping them in cold, wet cloths and fan­ning their wet skin.

Stay cool with fans and air-con­di­tion­ing where pos­si­ble, open­ing win­dows to let in air and clos­ing cur­tains to block sun, hav­ing cool show­ers and baths, and wear­ing loose cot­ton clothing. Make sure you stay hy­drated by fre­quently sipping flu­ids.

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