5 steps to a good basic pruning
Remove any diseased, broken or low hanging branches.
Remove any vigorous upright shoots on the inside.
Cut back any excessive growth on the tree, especially at the top.
Prune to the desired height (about 3m) by shortening leaders to a lateral pointing in the desired outward direction. This means the tree will spread more but that’s ok. Don’t cut too close to a bud or more than 1cm from it.
Growth that has fruited should be cut back by a third to a half to produce new replacement laterals for the next season’s fruit. Removal of insufficient wood results in long, sparsely fruiting laterals. Have 20cm minimum between laterals.