Where possible, select leaders with wide-angle crotches (greater than 45° from vertical) and prune hard again to about half the length. The lowest can be as low as 30cm and the highest 75cm off the ground. Prune stronger leaders back harder to balance the tree. You can tie down branches to assist them to grow out and not up.
Almost all fruit is borne on laterals from the previous year’s wood. Retain some of these, removing any near the top of the leaders.