To­day in his­tory

Otago Daily Times - - DIVERSIONS -

To­day is Satur­day, Oc­to­ber 13, the 286th day of 2018. There are 79 days left in the year. High­lights in his­tory on this date:

54 — Ro­man em­peror Claudius I dies, af­ter be­ing

poi­soned by his wife (and niece), Agrip­pina.

1792 — The cor­ner­stone of the White House is laid dur­ing a cer­e­mony in the Dis­trict of Columbia.

1815 — The Bri­tish oc­cupy the South At­lantic is­land of As­cen­sion to pre­vent Napoleon’s es­cape from St He­lena, the clos­est is­land.

1844 — Green­wich Mean Time is in­tro­duced. 1877 — Sir Ge­orge Grey takes of­fice as premier, be­com­ing the first per­son in New Zealand to hold of­fice as Gov­er­nor­Gen­eral and prime min­is­ter.

1883 — The first meet­ing of share­hold­ers of the Otago Meat­freez­ing and Pro­duce Com­pany is held.

1896 — The first show­ing of mo­tion pic­tures in New Zealand, at the Auck­land Opera House, comes just 10 months af­ter the world’s first pub­lic film show in Paris.

1900 — New Zealand’s Pub­lic Health Act be­comes law. A cen­tralised de­part­ment of pub­lic health fol­lows, which is the first in the world.

1923 — Ankara, for­merly An­gora, be­comes the

new cap­i­tal of Turkey.

1943 — Italy, dur­ing World War 2, de­clares war

on Ger­many, its for­mer Axis part­ner.

1952 — Egypt reaches agree­ment with Su­dan on

Nile wa­ters. 1965 — Congo pres­i­dent Joseph Kasavubu dis­misses the 15­month­old gov­ern­ment of Premier Moise Tshombe, and names Evariste Kira as the new head of the Gov­ern­ment.

1971 — Wide­rang­ing sug­ges­tions re­lat­ing to the sale and dis­play of in­de­cent or re­stricted pub­li­ca­tions are sub­mit­ted to Par­lia­ment by an­tipornog­ra­phy cam­paigner Pa­tri­cia Bartlett.

1975 — The Maori land march ar­rives at

Par­lia­ment, led by Whina Cooper.

1978 — Rivers from the Oreti in the south to the Toko­mairiro in the north breach their banks, lead­ing to flood­ing of more than 12,000ha of land and the loss of over 21,000 head of live­stock in the Otago and South­land dis­tricts. Com­ing ex­actly 100 years af­ter sim­i­lar flood­ing in 1878, the ar­eas af­fected stretched from Makarora in the north to In­ver­cargill in the south. The town of Wyn­d­ham was com­pletely evac­u­ated, and Balclutha, Mil­ton and Mataura came un­der se­ri­ous threat. The small set­tle­ment of Kelso on the banks of the Pom­a­haka River was com­pletely aban­doned and not re­built.

1987 — Costa Rica’s Pres­i­dent Os­car Arias Sanchez wins the No­bel Peace Prize for spon­sor­ing a plan to end civil wars in Cen­tral Amer­ica.

1988 — Egyp­tian au­thor Naguib Mah­fouz be­comes the first Ara­bic­lan­guage writer to win the No­bel Prize for lit­er­a­ture.

1993 — A fa­nat­i­cal fan of ten­nis player

St­effi Graf is con­victed of stab­bing archri­val

Mon­ica Se­les, but re­ceives only a two­year sus­pended sen­tence.

1994 — Pro­Bri­tish Protes­tant paramil­i­taries in North­ern Ire­land an­nounce a cease­fire, match­ing the Ir­ish Repub­li­can Army’s six­week­old truce, voic­ing ‘‘true re­morse’’ for the killings of many Catholics.

1997 — Queen El­iz­a­beth II be­gins a con­tro­ver­sial visit to In­dia to mark the 50th an­niver­sary of the sub­con­ti­nent’s in­de­pen­dence from Bri­tain.

1998 — A gas ex­plo­sion sets off a pile of gun­pow­der used to make il­le­gal fire­works in Tul­te­pec, Mex­ico, oblit­er­at­ing a two­block area and killing at least 39 peo­ple.

2002 — The runoff vote for pres­i­dent of Ser­bia, the dom­i­nant repub­lic of the two­repub­lic Yu­goslav fed­er­a­tion, is de­clared in­valid af­ter voter turnout reached only 45.5%, ne­ces­si­tat­ing a fresh elec­tion.

Flood

Sir Ge­orge Grey

Mon­ica Se­les

St­effi Graf

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