Otago Daily Times

TODAY IN HISTORY

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TODAY is Friday, February 5, the 36th day of 2021. There are 329 days left in the year. Highlights in history on this date:

— Lieutenant­Governor William Hobson explains to a meeting of Maori chiefs the

terms 1840 1862 of the Treaty at Waitangi, sparking debate that lasts throughout the day.

— The United States issues its first ‘‘greenback’’ banknotes, named for their colour.

1867 — Despite great debate during its constructi­on, a railway line is opened linking Bluff to Invercargi­ll.

1868 — Sir George Ferguson Bowen assumes office as governor of New Zealand. He served until March 1873.

1869 — The nugget known as the Welcome Stranger, yielding 69.92kg of pure gold, is found at Moliagul, Victoria.

1911 — Vivian Walsh makes New Zealand’s first confirmed controlled powered flight, at Papakura in a Howard Wright biplane that reaches an altitude of 19m and covers 365m before landing safely.

1922 — Reader’s Digest begins publicatio­n in New York.

1924 — The Royal Greenwich Observator­y begins broadcasti­ng the hourly time signals known as the Greenwich Time Signal; the first Winter Olympic Games close at Chamonix, France.

1945 — US troops under General Douglas MacArthur enter Manila, the Philippine­s, in World War 2.

1958 — A Rotorua to Hamilton freight train derails on a curve after an air leak led to brake failure near Pinedale. One person is killed and another injured.

1962 — Prominent Dunedin solicitor J.P. Ward is killed when a letter bomb sent to his office explodes.

1964 — A Dunedin law student is fatally injured in a shark attack off St Clair.

1965 — The last steam express train on the North Island maintrunk line departs from Auckland.

1971 — Apollo 14 astronauts make the third successful landing on the moon.

1978 — In the US, Fred Newman makes 88 consecutiv­e basketball free throws blindfolde­d.

1984 — With a man of the match performanc­e from Richard Hadlee, New Zealand humbles the touring English cricket team, recording an innings and 132 run victory over the visitors in the second test in Christchur­ch. After New Zealand scored 307 runs in the first innings England could only post scores of 82 and 93 in its two turns at bat.

1988 — New Zealand Post closes 432 post offices throughout the country. Stateowned Enterprise­s Minister Richard Prebble insists the closures will result in a more efficient service. Otago and Southland are affected by the closure of 57 offices, of which 28 are in the Dunedin postal district.

1997 — Switzerlan­d’s ‘‘Big Three’’ banks announce the creation of a $71 million fund to aid Holocaust survivors and their families; form American football star O.J. Simpson is found liable in the 1994 deaths of Ron Goldman and Nicole Simpson in a civil court action.

2000 — Russian forces massacre between 60 and 82 civilians and rape no fewer than six women in a ‘‘moppingup’’ operation the Novye Aldi suburb of Grozny, Chechnya. Numerous houses were also burned and civilian property stolen in an organised manner.

2002 — European and American doctors unveil a new profession­al code of conduct, an update of the nearly 2500yearol­d Hippocrati­c oath.

2004 — National Party leader Don Brash, who stirred outrage with a recent speech at the

Orewa Rotary Club concerning Waitangi Treaty grievances, is hit in the face with a clump of mud thrown by a protester at Te Tii Waitangi marae; rebels from the Revolution­ary Artibonite Resistance Front capture the city of Gonaives, triggering the 2004 Haiti rebellion.

2005 — Alexandra bakes in a temperatur­e of 38.7degC, the highest recorded in Otago to date.

2012 — Clad in three layers of thermals, wetsuit and bootees, and daubed with petroleum jelly, Wellington man Ben CampbellMa­cDonald becomes the first person to swim the length of Lake Wakatipu. Withstandi­ng the 14degC water temperatur­e, he took 18hr 42min to complete the 80km swim between Kingston and Glenorchy.

2015 — Former British rock star of the Gary Glitter is convicted of sexual child abuse charges in London.

2019 — Pope Francis becomes the first pope to visit and perform papal mass in the Arabian Peninsula during a visit to Abu Dhabi.

2020 — The US Senate narrowly votes to acquit President Donald Trump on charges of abuse of power and obstructio­n of Congress.

Today’s birthdays:

James Horn, New Zealand politician (18551932); Samuel Russell Feaver, New Zealand pharmacist/veterinary surgeon/ photograph­er (18781946); Raymond McIntyre, New Zealand artist/art critic (18791933); Janet Ann Moore, civilian and army nurse/administra­tor/hospital matron (18801968); Jimmie O’Sullivan, All Black (18831960); ; Frederick Vincent Ellis, New Zealand artist (18921961); Carrick Paul, New Zealand flying ace WW1 (18931919); Sir Joseph Ongley, New Zealand cricket administra­tor/judge (19182000); John Rimmer, New Zealand composer (1939); Al Kooper, US musician (1944); Sir Michael Cullen, New Zealand politician (1945); Charlotte Rampling, English actress (1946); Barbara Hershey, US actress (1948); Deborah Coddington, New Zealand journalist/politician (1953); Jennifer Jason Leigh, US actress (1962); Laura Linney, US actress (1964); Duff McKagan, US musician (1964); Bobby Brown, US singer/ songwriter (1969); Michael Sheen, Welsh actor (1969); Mary, Crown Princess of Denmark (1972); Ben Ainslie, English sailor (1977); Cristiano Ronaldo, Portuguese footballer (1985); Jeremy Sumpter, US actor (1989); Neymar, Brazilian footballer (1992).

Quote of the day:

‘‘I guess I’d like to have my cake and eat it, too. I want to be known for having a recognisab­le style. I believe having your own personal identity is what makes you competitiv­e. On the other hand, I would like to be versatile and be challenged to go in new directions.’’ — Cliff Martinez, US musician, who was born on this day in 1954.

 ?? IMAGE: ODT FILES ?? The Otago Daily Times’ coverage of the letter bombing which killed Dunedin solicitor J. P. Ward on this day in 1962.
IMAGE: ODT FILES The Otago Daily Times’ coverage of the letter bombing which killed Dunedin solicitor J. P. Ward on this day in 1962.
 ?? PHOTO: EVENING STAR ?? Police photograph­er Constable W. Halliday takes photograph­s at city lawyer J P. Ward’s offices in Stuart St following the February 5, 1962 explosion.
PHOTO: EVENING STAR Police photograph­er Constable W. Halliday takes photograph­s at city lawyer J P. Ward’s offices in Stuart St following the February 5, 1962 explosion.

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