Otago Daily Times
TODAY IN HISTORY
TODAY is Friday, February 5, the 36th day of 2021. There are 329 days left in the year. Highlights in history on this date:
— LieutenantGovernor William Hobson explains to a meeting of Maori chiefs the
terms 1840 1862 of the Treaty at Waitangi, sparking debate that lasts throughout the day.
— The United States issues its first ‘‘greenback’’ banknotes, named for their colour.
1867 — Despite great debate during its construction, a railway line is opened linking Bluff to Invercargill.
1868 — Sir George Ferguson Bowen assumes office as governor of New Zealand. He served until March 1873.
1869 — The nugget known as the Welcome Stranger, yielding 69.92kg of pure gold, is found at Moliagul, Victoria.
1911 — Vivian Walsh makes New Zealand’s first confirmed controlled powered flight, at Papakura in a Howard Wright biplane that reaches an altitude of 19m and covers 365m before landing safely.
1922 — Reader’s Digest begins publication in New York.
1924 — The Royal Greenwich Observatory begins broadcasting the hourly time signals known as the Greenwich Time Signal; the first Winter Olympic Games close at Chamonix, France.
1945 — US troops under General Douglas MacArthur enter Manila, the Philippines, in World War 2.
1958 — A Rotorua to Hamilton freight train derails on a curve after an air leak led to brake failure near Pinedale. One person is killed and another injured.
1962 — Prominent Dunedin solicitor J.P. Ward is killed when a letter bomb sent to his office explodes.
1964 — A Dunedin law student is fatally injured in a shark attack off St Clair.
1965 — The last steam express train on the North Island maintrunk line departs from Auckland.
1971 — Apollo 14 astronauts make the third successful landing on the moon.
1978 — In the US, Fred Newman makes 88 consecutive basketball free throws blindfolded.
1984 — With a man of the match performance from Richard Hadlee, New Zealand humbles the touring English cricket team, recording an innings and 132 run victory over the visitors in the second test in Christchurch. After New Zealand scored 307 runs in the first innings England could only post scores of 82 and 93 in its two turns at bat.
1988 — New Zealand Post closes 432 post offices throughout the country. Stateowned Enterprises Minister Richard Prebble insists the closures will result in a more efficient service. Otago and Southland are affected by the closure of 57 offices, of which 28 are in the Dunedin postal district.
1997 — Switzerland’s ‘‘Big Three’’ banks announce the creation of a $71 million fund to aid Holocaust survivors and their families; form American football star O.J. Simpson is found liable in the 1994 deaths of Ron Goldman and Nicole Simpson in a civil court action.
2000 — Russian forces massacre between 60 and 82 civilians and rape no fewer than six women in a ‘‘moppingup’’ operation the Novye Aldi suburb of Grozny, Chechnya. Numerous houses were also burned and civilian property stolen in an organised manner.
2002 — European and American doctors unveil a new professional code of conduct, an update of the nearly 2500yearold Hippocratic oath.
2004 — National Party leader Don Brash, who stirred outrage with a recent speech at the
Orewa Rotary Club concerning Waitangi Treaty grievances, is hit in the face with a clump of mud thrown by a protester at Te Tii Waitangi marae; rebels from the Revolutionary Artibonite Resistance Front capture the city of Gonaives, triggering the 2004 Haiti rebellion.
2005 — Alexandra bakes in a temperature of 38.7degC, the highest recorded in Otago to date.
2012 — Clad in three layers of thermals, wetsuit and bootees, and daubed with petroleum jelly, Wellington man Ben CampbellMacDonald becomes the first person to swim the length of Lake Wakatipu. Withstanding the 14degC water temperature, he took 18hr 42min to complete the 80km swim between Kingston and Glenorchy.
2015 — Former British rock star of the Gary Glitter is convicted of sexual child abuse charges in London.
2019 — Pope Francis becomes the first pope to visit and perform papal mass in the Arabian Peninsula during a visit to Abu Dhabi.
2020 — The US Senate narrowly votes to acquit President Donald Trump on charges of abuse of power and obstruction of Congress.
James Horn, New Zealand politician (18551932); Samuel Russell Feaver, New Zealand pharmacist/veterinary surgeon/ photographer (18781946); Raymond McIntyre, New Zealand artist/art critic (18791933); Janet Ann Moore, civilian and army nurse/administrator/hospital matron (18801968); Jimmie O’Sullivan, All Black (18831960); ; Frederick Vincent Ellis, New Zealand artist (18921961); Carrick Paul, New Zealand flying ace WW1 (18931919); Sir Joseph Ongley, New Zealand cricket administrator/judge (19182000); John Rimmer, New Zealand composer (1939); Al Kooper, US musician (1944); Sir Michael Cullen, New Zealand politician (1945); Charlotte Rampling, English actress (1946); Barbara Hershey, US actress (1948); Deborah Coddington, New Zealand journalist/politician (1953); Jennifer Jason Leigh, US actress (1962); Laura Linney, US actress (1964); Duff McKagan, US musician (1964); Bobby Brown, US singer/ songwriter (1969); Michael Sheen, Welsh actor (1969); Mary, Crown Princess of Denmark (1972); Ben Ainslie, English sailor (1977); Cristiano Ronaldo, Portuguese footballer (1985); Jeremy Sumpter, US actor (1989); Neymar, Brazilian footballer (1992).
Quote of the day:
‘‘I guess I’d like to have my cake and eat it, too. I want to be known for having a recognisable style. I believe having your own personal identity is what makes you competitive. On the other hand, I would like to be versatile and be challenged to go in new directions.’’ — Cliff Martinez, US musician, who was born on this day in 1954.