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'Renewables surged in 2020 but world not yet on track for climate goals’

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capacity expanded rapidly in 2020 while global energy demand cratered because of the pandemic, yet this did not yet reflect a “decisive shift” towards meeting U.N.-backed climate goals, BP said in its annual energy review.

Last year witnessed the biggest fall in carbon emissions in more than 75 years, putting the world closer to the path needed to hit a target of keeping global warming below 2 degrees Celsius this century, BP’s 2020 Statistica­l Review said.

“Importantl­y, there was no sign of the decisive shift envisaged” by the less than 2 degrees Celsius scenario, BP Chief Economist Spencer Dale said in remarks ahead of the release of the review, seen as a benchmark for the industry.

“There is a good chance that much of that dip proves transitory,” he said, adding that changes in 2020 were induced by the pandemic and the world still needed “tangible, concrete difference­s” to meet climate targets.

The economic slowdown in 2020 as countries sought to contain the pandemic led to a 4.5% drop in global energy

demand, driven mostly by a 9.3% collapse in oil consumptio­n, the review said.

At its lowest point in April 2020, oil demand dropped by around 20% or 20 million barrels per day.

“This is just off the charts relative

to anything seen in history,” Dale said, adding that the slide in energy use would reverse as economies revved up after the COVID-19 crisis.

Heat-trapping carbon emissions dropped by 6.3% last year, the biggest fall since the Second World War, breaking a steady climb in recent years even as government­s were accelerati­ng their efforts to tackle climate change, the review said.

BP, one of the world’s biggest energy companies, itself aims to reduce emissions from the oil and gas it produces to net zero by 2050, amid pressure on the energy industry to cut greenhouse gas emissions.

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