Neu­rol­o­gist ex­plains how lower BMI re­duces di­a­betes risk

The Punch - - HEALTH WISE - Dayo Ojerinde

ACon­sul­tant Neu­rol­o­gist, Dr Olu­sola Tal­abi, has said a lower body mass in­dex can re­duce the risk of type 2 di­a­betes.

Tal­abi, in an in­ter­view with our correspond­ent, said an in­crease in body mass was as­so­ci­ated with in­sulin re­sis­tance, which may lead to type 2 di­a­betes.

“BMI is a mea­sure of the body mass. Those who are over­weight tend to have in­sulin re­sis­tance. In­sulin is a key fac­tor in the util­i­sa­tion of the body glu­cose and that is the ma­jor is­sue in Di­a­betes Mile­tus.

“How­ever, it must be pointed out that there are some peo­ple who are ge­net­i­cally over­weight and there is noth­ing any­one can do about that. Some cases of obe­sity could be due to poor diet and some drugs. Peo­ple who are obese or over­weight should en­gage in sub­tle ex­er­cises to get them­selves back to shape. Fruits and veg­etable con­sump­tion can also help them in main­tain­ing a nor­mal body mass in­dex. They should also take a lot of wa­ter,” Tal­abi said.

Ac­cord­ing to a study pub­lished in the Public Li­brary of Sci­ence, a lower body mass in­dex is con­sis­tently as­so­ci­ated with re­duced type 2 di­a­betes risk among peo­ple with var­ied fam­ily his­tory, ge­netic risk fac­tors and weight.

As re­ported by sci­, the re­searchers stud­ied the as­so­ci­a­tion be­tween BMI, di­a­betes, fam­ily his­tory and ge­netic risk fac­tors af­fect­ing type II di­a­betes. They used data on 287,394 un­re­lated in­di­vid­u­als of Bri­tish an­ces­try re­cruited to par­tic­i­pate in the UK Biobank from 2006 to 2010 when be­tween the ages of 40 and 69.

Their find­ings sug­gest that in­di­vid­u­als can re­duce their type II di­a­betes risk through weight loss.

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