Commercial vehicle maintenance basics that should guide checklist
Vehicle maintenance programmes are highly important in any business that relies on operating commercial vehicles and whose uninterrupted functioning keeps the businesses stable and profitable.
When making your checklist, consider these four fundamental elements that determine how successful your vehicle maintenance will be.
Preventive maintenance checklist
A preventive maintenance programme helps fleet owners get the most value and service out of their vehicle.
This type of commercial vehicle maintenance tries to anticipate issues before they occur and plan how they should be fixed before they turn severe. Preventive maintenance checklist and programme should, therefore, include the manufacturer’s recommendations on vehicle maintenance and the approximate time when persons responsible should perform it.
The rest of the truck maintenance checklist will differ depending on the type of vehicle and its specifications.
Some of the typical items on preventive maintenance checklist include: Oil changes Filter changes components tightening Tuning of the engine Brake fixing Tire rotation Lubrication Radiator maintenance Predictive/demand maintenance checklist Predictive/demand maintenance is the type of maintenance that transportation businesses perform only when there is a need for it.
This means replacing or fixing certain truck parts only when they break down and stop working properly. This can also happen after an independent inspection that determines the wear and tear situation on a truck.
Predictive/demand maintenance forms usually include items such as: Replacing light bulbs Replacing springs Putting new window glass Retuning gauges Placing new window glasses Replacing seat cushions New engine and transmission New batteries Replacing corroded or deteriorated structures Reactive/crisis maintenance checklist crisis maintenance usually occurs when preventive and demand maintenance slip by and never happen.
This is the type of maintenance that is performed when a truck breaks down on the road due to the sudden failure of one or many components.
This usually means sending a replacement vehicle so that the driver can continue his trip to the delivery point and dispatching a mechanic to repair the vehicle on the spot.
Fleet owners should try and avoid having to go through crisis maintenance because they incur the additional cost of:
The time needed to organise necessary repair procedure and reroute deliveries
Driver’s downtime hire of an outside mechanic, if the business doesn’t have one in-house Purchase of new parts to replace damaged ones with. Scheduled maintenance can prevent breakdowns from occurring, which minimises repair downtime and assures the vehicle is operating securely at all times.
Preventive maintenance form should include a checklist that helps identify all the aspects of the vehicle that a driver and a team of mechanics must address.
The most effective and thorough checklists contain these items:
Main technical inspection
• Fuel level
• Suspension system
• Steering system
• Belts and hoses
• Auxiliary systems
• Electrical system components
• Exhaust system
Fluids and oils inspection
• Brake fluid
• Wiper fluid
• Transmission fluid
• Defrosting system
• Checking and testing the entire brake system
• Measuring the brake pads width and replacing them if they are under the sufficient width
• Checking the emergency brake
• Taillights and brake lights
• High and low beams
• Turn signals
• Reverse lights
• Emergency flashers
• Licence plate illumination
Wheels and rims inspection
• Check whether the tyre matches the wheel
• Wheel alignment
• Tyre conditions and whether there are any embedded objects and cuts
• Spare tyres
• Check for availability of tools needed to change a tyre in case of emergency
• Air conditioning system
• Checking if the horn is working and if it’s loud enough
• Seat belts
• Check for emergency and first aid kit availability, as well as a fire extinguisher, warning triangle, reflective jacket etc.
Windshield, back windows and mirror inspection
• Integrity of glass
• Window control system
• Wiper system
• Driver and passenger side mirrors
• Inside mirrors
A truck maintenance checklist should also include the time between servicing and inspection. The manufacturer should provide a vehicle owner manual with the recommendation for intervals between service and inspection.
of preventive vehicle
What are the benefits maintenance Forms?
commercial vehicle maintenance is crucial for ensuring that the transportation of goods, products and services goes as planned.
The downtime of an inoperative vehicle will incur big costs and a loss of revenue, not to mention the reduced safety of vehicle drivers and passengers on the road.
having a maintenance requirement checklist that drivers and the rest of personnel can check before they transport the goods is recommended by the Federal Road Safety corp.
The business benefits of following these preventive maintenance vehicle checklists are:
Reduction of maintenance and repair costs
Reduction of operating costs due to fewer breakdowns Increase in vehicle’s residual value and extension of the vehicle’s life
Protection of your assets improved vehicle fuel consumption and reduction of fuel cost
Reduction of vehicle downtime increase of customer and client satisfaction due to on-time deliveries
There are also road safety benefits that include: increased driver safety improvement of driver’s working environment Greater passenger safety
Greater road safety
Meeting standards required by law.