La­gos State Waste Man­age­ment: Land­fill In­fra­struc­ture Chal­lenge


For decades, La­gos State faced ma­jor en­vi­ron­men­tal chal­lenges, and a large per cent of this at­trib­uted to waste gen­er­a­tion and in­ad­e­quate col­lec­tion, trans­porta­tion and dis­posal pro­cesses. To date, the state’s waste man­age­ment sys­tem could not man­age the vol­ume gen­er­ated by 17 mil­lion res­i­dents. This has re­sulted in a se­ries of en­vi­ron­men­tal cri­sis such as flood­ing, the spread of dis­ease, the Olu­so­sun fire out­break and more. These chal­lenges are a re­sult of im­proper waste man­age­ment. In De­cem­ber 2017, the Olu­so­sun dump­site was closed. Re­ports re­vealed that the clo­sure was due to the bud­ding dif­fi­cul­ties as­so­ci­ated with the con­tin­ued dump­ing of waste at the site, rang­ing from in­suf­fi­cient road ac­cess for waste col­lec­tion trucks, to im­proper dis­posal of waste at the site. This proved it had be­come a ma­jor cause for con­cern; how­ever, the lack of an ac­ces­si­ble san­i­tary land­fill, to cater to the poor stan­dards of PSP op­er­a­tional ve­hi­cles re­sulted in the con­tin­ued use of the dump­site, which led to the March 2018 fire.

Look­ing at the over­all eco­nomic ob­jec­tive of the state, waste man­age­ment was viewed as a re­source. Ef­fec­tive waste man­age­ment doesn’t only fos­ter eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment, by way of in­vest­ment and the growth of SMEs, but also pro­vides other op­por­tu­ni­ties such as mu­nic­i­pal well-be­ing, de­vel­op­ment, em­ploy­ment op­por­tu­ni­ties, and re­cy­cling rev­enue for state res­i­dents. One of the issues the new waste man­age­ment sys­tem is ad­dress­ing is the proper dis­posal of waste. While the old waste man­age­ment sys­tem was fo­cused on waste col­lec­tion – a lin­ear ap­proach – it did not look deeply into the dis­posal and treat­ment of col­lected waste. The re­form is fo­cused on mov­ing from the old method of dump­ing, to an in­no­va­tive model of waste dis­posal, from the con­struc­tion of an en­gi­neered land­fill, a con­structed pit in which lay­ers of solid waste are filled, com­pacted and cov­ered for fi­nal dis­posal; to the retrofitting and de­vel­op­ment of the state’s trans­fer load­ing sta­tions (TLS).

Vi­sion­scape San­i­ta­tion Solutions has been as­signed the task of con­struct­ing, mon­i­tor­ing and oper­at­ing global-stan­dard in­fra­struc­ture to sup­port the ef­fi­cient man­age­ment of waste. A core part of its project is the Epe land­fill. The land­fill orig­i­nally op­er­ated as a dump­site and was home to over two hun­dred wastem­iners. Vi­sion­scape is cur­rently un­der­go­ing the de­vel­op­ment and con­struc­tion of the 88-hectare site.

Solid waste man­age­ment La­gos State – the land­fill in­fra­struc­ture chal­lenge

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