NCDs ac­count for 70% of to­tal deaths in Oman

MoH re­leases re­sults of health sur­vey on non-com­mu­ni­ca­ble dis­eases

Muscat Daily - - NATION -

The Min­istry of Health (MoH) an­nounced the re­sults of the Oman Na­tional Non-Com­mu­ni­ca­ble Dis­eases and their Risk Fac­tors Sur­vey at Al Shafaq Club on Wed­nes­day un­der the pa­tron­age of H E Dr Ahmed bin Mo­hammed bin Obaid al Sa’eedi, Min­is­ter of Health, in the pres­ence of Dr Ak­je­mal Mag­ty­mova, rep­re­sen­ta­tive of World Health Or­ga­ni­za­tion (WHO) in Oman, and a num­ber of se­nior MoH of­fi­cials.

MoH, rep­re­sented by the Stud­ies & Re­search Cen­tre of the Direc­torate Gen­eral of Plan­ning and Stud­ies, car­ried out the sur­vey in 2017 across all the gov­er­norates of the sul­tanate.

The sur­vey is the big­gest and widest to col­lect com­pre­hen­sive in­for­ma­tion on risk fac­tors for non-com­mu­ni­ca­ble dis­eases (NCD) in the sul­tanate. It pro­vides es­sen­tial in­for­ma­tion on key NCD in­di­ca­tors by age groups, sex and gov­er­norates.

NCDs are the cause of most deaths world­wide, in­clud­ing car­dio­vas­cu­lar dis­eases (heart at­tacks and stroke), can­cers and chronic res­pi­ra­tory dis­eases (such as chronic ob­structed pul­monary dis­ease and asthma), be­sides di­a­betes. Car­dio­vas­cu­lar dis­eases ac­count for most NCD deaths (17.9mn peo­ple an­nu­ally), fol­lowed by can­cers (9mn), res­pi­ra­tory dis­eases (3.9mn) and di­a­betes (1.6mn). These four groups of dis­eases ac­count for over 80 per cent of all pre­ma­ture NCD deaths.

Dr Adhra Hi­lal al Mawali, di­rec­tor of Stud­ies & Re­search Cen­tre and chair­per­son of the sur­vey team, pre­sented the main find­ings of the sur­vey - the mod­i­fi­able be­havioural and bi­o­log­i­cal risk fac­tors.

Ac­cord­ing to Dr Ak­je­mal, the STEP-wise ap­proach to Sur­veil­lance (STEPS), which is a sim­ple and stan­dard­ised method for col­lect­ing, analysing and dis­sem­i­nat­ing data, was used for the sur­vey. The STEPS in­for­ma­tion re­lates to key fac­tors used glob­ally to pre­vent and con­trol the bur­den of NCDs.

She pointed out that in Oman, NCDs are re­spon­si­ble for ap­prox­i­mately 70 per cent of to­tal deaths. In or­der to ad­dress the grow­ing bur­den of NCDs, the sul­tanate adopted the Na­tional Multi-Sec­toral Ac­tion Plan for NCD Pre­ven­tion & Con­trol, which was re­leased ear­lier this year.

She added that Oman is mov­ing to­wards the ‘Whole of the Govern­ment’ ap­proach in its po­lit­i­cal com­mit­ment to achieve the NCD Global tar­gets by 2025 and the Sus­tain­able Devel­op­ment Goals by 2030.

The sur­vey of the NCD risk fac­tors was car­ried out on a sam­ple of 9,045 Omani and nonO­mani fam­i­lies across all the gov­er­norates in the sul­tanate in col­lab­o­ra­tion with the MoH’s con­cerned de­part­ments and the WHO.

The sur­vey came out with sev­eral rec­om­men­da­tions, in­clud­ing the need to pri­ori­tise NCD pre­ven­tion and con­trol in the gov­er­norates as well as na­tion­ally.

Dr Ak­je­mal Mag­ty­mova

H E Dr Ahmed bin Mo­hammed bin Obaid al Sa’eedi

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