TIMELINE OF UNREST
Here is a timeline of the ‘Yellow Vest’ movement in France, from the first online rumblings against a fuel tax hike to nationwide protests that led to the worst Paris riots in decades. High-risk demonstrations took place even on Saturday. So far four peop
A video posted on Facebook on October 18 quickly goes viral. It shows a woman, Jacline Mouraud, addressing French President Emmanuel Macron - ‘Monsieur Macron’, she says - from her living room.
In it she lists the grievances of drivers in the face of the fuel price hike. A petition to bring down the price of fuel is posted online.
vests motorists are required to carry in their cars. The protests are spontaneous, and not organised by political parties or unions.
The next day Prime Minister Edouard Philippe says the government will not back down.
Violence breaks out in the French Indian Ocean island of La Reunion, led mainly by armed youths.
The next protests take place the following Saturday, November 24. Thousands of demonstrators clash with police on the Champs-Elysees in Paris.
More than 106,000 demonstrators are recorded across France, including 8,000 in Paris. Revised official numbers count 166,000.
On November 27 Macron offers minor concessions, saying he would propose a mechanism to adjust the tax increases and calls for a threemonth national consultation.
Unimpressed, the ‘Yellow Vests’ call for a new protest on December 1 on the Champs-Elysees. On November 29 Philippe meets a ‘Yellow Vest’ protester. A day later two accept his invitation, but one walks out.
Chaos in Paris
The third day of protests takes place on Saturday, December 1 with widespread violence erupting particularly in Paris around the Arc de Triomphe and several upscale neighbourhoods. The government says some 136,000 people protested across the country.
On December 4 the Prime Minister says planned tax increases on petrol and diesel on January 1 will be suspended for six months and hikes in regulated electricity and gas prices will be frozen during the winter.
On December 5 Macron announces that all planned fuel tax hikes for 2019 will be scrapped.
However he rules out re-imposing a ‘fortune tax’ on high-earners.
Farmers say they are planning to hold demonstrations next week, to support their own demands.
High risk demonstration
For the fourth day of protests on Saturday, 89,000 security force members were deployed, including 8,000 in Paris. Armoured vehicles were also mobilised in the capital.
The government, as well as most opposition parties and unions have called for calm.
On the eve of a demonstration, ‘Yellow Vest’ representatives advise against demonstrating in Paris where museums, monuments, big shops and many metro stations to be closed.
Saturday, November 17 is the first day of road blockades across France with nearly 290,000 demonstrators wearing the fluorescent yellow