Here is a time­line of the ‘Yellow Vest’ move­ment in France, from the first on­line rum­blings against a fuel tax hike to na­tion­wide protests that led to the worst Paris ri­ots in decades. High-risk demon­stra­tions took place even on Satur­day. So far four peop

Muscat Daily - - WORLD -

Vi­ral video

A video posted on Face­book on Oc­to­ber 18 quickly goes vi­ral. It shows a woman, Ja­cline Mouraud, ad­dress­ing French Pres­i­dent Em­manuel Macron - ‘Mon­sieur Macron’, she says - from her liv­ing room.

In it she lists the griev­ances of driv­ers in the face of the fuel price hike. A pe­ti­tion to bring down the price of fuel is posted on­line.

Mass protests

vests mo­torists are re­quired to carry in their cars. The protests are spon­ta­neous, and not or­gan­ised by political par­ties or unions.

The next day Prime Minister Edouard Philippe says the gov­ern­ment will not back down.

Vi­o­lence breaks out in the French In­dian Ocean is­land of La Re­union, led mainly by armed youths.

Sec­ond Satur­day

The next protests take place the fol­low­ing Satur­day, Novem­ber 24. Thou­sands of demon­stra­tors clash with po­lice on the Champs-El­y­sees in Paris.

More than 106,000 demon­stra­tors are recorded across France, in­clud­ing 8,000 in Paris. Re­vised of­fi­cial num­bers count 166,000.

Aborted meeting

On Novem­ber 27 Macron of­fers mi­nor con­ces­sions, say­ing he would pro­pose a mech­a­nism to ad­just the tax in­creases and calls for a three­month na­tional con­sul­ta­tion.

Unim­pressed, the ‘Yellow Vests’ call for a new protest on De­cem­ber 1 on the Champs-El­y­sees. On Novem­ber 29 Philippe meets a ‘Yellow Vest’ pro­tester. A day later two ac­cept his in­vi­ta­tion, but one walks out.

Chaos in Paris

The third day of protests takes place on Satur­day, De­cem­ber 1 with wide­spread vi­o­lence erupt­ing par­tic­u­larly in Paris around the Arc de Tri­om­phe and sev­eral up­scale neigh­bour­hoods. The gov­ern­ment says some 136,000 peo­ple protested across the coun­try.

Six-month sus­pen­sion

On De­cem­ber 4 the Prime Minister says planned tax in­creases on petrol and diesel on Jan­uary 1 will be sus­pended for six months and hikes in reg­u­lated elec­tric­ity and gas prices will be frozen dur­ing the win­ter.

On De­cem­ber 5 Macron an­nounces that all planned fuel tax hikes for 2019 will be scrapped.

How­ever he rules out re-im­pos­ing a ‘for­tune tax’ on high-earn­ers.

Farm­ers say they are plan­ning to hold demon­stra­tions next week, to sup­port their own de­mands.

High risk demon­stra­tion

For the fourth day of protests on Satur­day, 89,000 se­cu­rity force members were de­ployed, in­clud­ing 8,000 in Paris. Ar­moured ve­hi­cles were also mo­bilised in the cap­i­tal.

The gov­ern­ment, as well as most op­po­si­tion par­ties and unions have called for calm.

On the eve of a demon­stra­tion, ‘Yellow Vest’ rep­re­sen­ta­tives ad­vise against demon­strat­ing in Paris where mu­se­ums, mon­u­ments, big shops and many metro sta­tions to be closed.

Satur­day, Novem­ber 17 is the first day of road block­ades across France with nearly 290,000 demon­stra­tors wear­ing the flu­o­res­cent yellow

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