Opinion: Reduce, reuse, recycle

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Max Brodin -

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Ca­bin­da cria pó­lo in­dus­tri­al

O pro­ces­so de in­dus­tri­a­li­za­ção ga­nha a ca­da dia que pas­sa mais for­ça na pro­vín­cia de Ca­bin­da. Nos úl­ti­mos cin­co anos são evi­den­tes os si­nais de cres­ci­men­to, co­mo as­si­na­la o se­cre­tá­rio do sec­tor na pro­vín­cia, Ge­ral­do Ndu­bo Pau­lo. A proi­bi­ção, pe­lo Governo, da ex­por­ta­ção de ma­dei­ra em to­ro foi aco­lhi­da com um en­tu­si­as­mo no sec­tor in­dus­tri­al em Ca­bin­da, já que per­mi­tiu o sur­gi­men­to de pe­que­nas fá­bri­cas de trans­for­ma­ção e tam­bém de pro­du­ção de mo­bí­li­as. Na pro­vín­cia de Ca­bin­da, a in­dus­tri­a­li­za­ção ga­nha a ca­da dia que pas­sa mais for­ça, na es­tei­ra da di­ver­si­fi­ca­ção da eco­no­mia. O se­cre­tá­rio do sec­tor na pro­vín­cia, Ge­ral­do Ndu­bo Pau­lo, fa­la em si­nais de cres­ci­men­to, nos úl­ti­mos cin­co anos. Em 2012, Ca­bin­da con­ta­va com 161 uni­da­des in­dus­tri­ais, en­tre car­pin­ta­ri­as, ser­ra­lha­ri­as, pa­da­ri­as fá­bri­cas de pro­du­tos de hi­gi­e­ne, tan­ques de água, con­fec­ções, es­tu­fa­ri­as e be­bi­das. Em 2015, o nú­me­ro su­biu pa­ra 223. Os da­dos da Se­cre­ta­ria da In­dús­tria de Ca­bin­da, que re­ve­lam um cres­ci­men­to ex­po­nen­ci­al da in­dús­tria em di­ver­sos do­mí­ni­os na pro­vín­cia de Ca­bin­da, uma em­prei­ta­da in­tei­ra­men­te atri­buí­da ao Exe­cu­ti­vo. O se­cre­tá­rio da In­dús­tria e Ge­o­lo­gia e Mi­nas de Ca­bin­da con­fir­mou ao Jor­nal de An­go­la o as­cen­den­te in­dus­tri­al da pro­vín­cia no pri­mei­ro se­mes­tre des­te ano. “No pri­mei­ro se­mes­tre de 2017, as in­fra-es­tru­tu­ras in­dus­tri­ais co­nhe­ce­ram um cres­ci­men­to no­tá­vel, so­bre­tu­do na fi­lei­ra da ma­dei­ra, diz Ndu­bo Pau­lo, afir­man­do que es­tão li­cen­ci­a­das na pro­vín­cia de Ca­bin­da 61 uni­da­des, en­tre car­pin­ta­ri­as e ser­ra­lha­ri­as, que cha­mam a si a trans­for­ma­ção da ma­dei­ra. Con­tu­do, ape­nas oi­to des­tas uni­da­des as­se­gu­ram, na ple­ni­tu­de, a ser­ra­gem da ma­dei­ra, su­por­tan­do ba­si­ca­men­te aqui­lo que são as ori­en­ta­ções do Exe­cu­ti­vo so­bre a proi­bi­ção da ex­por­ta­ção da ma­dei­ra em to­ro e acres­cen­tar mais va­lên­ci­as pa­ra per­mi­tir a ar­re­ca­da­ção e a en­tra­da de mais cam­bi­ais no país, so­bre­tu­do nes­ta fa­se de sé­ri­os “aper­tos.” O res­pon­sá­vel da In­dús­tria e Ge­o­lo­gia e Mi­nas de Ca­bin­da confirma o cres­ci­men­to das ser­ra­ções nos pró­xi­mos tem­pos, co­mo ga­ran­tia, pa­ra a in­dús­tria, so­bre­tu­do de mo­bi­liá­rio. Com uma flo­res­ta co­mo a do Mai­om­be, on­de abun­dam es­pé­ci­es de ma­dei­ra, co­mo num­bi, ta­ku­la, ban­za­la, wam­ba, vu­ku, lim­ba, kun­gu­lo, pau-rosa, to­las bran­ca, chin­fu­ta, li­fu­ma, ka­li, kâm­ba­la, ndo­la, li­vui­te, pau­pre­to e ou­tras, ma­té­ria-pri­ma é o que não fal­ta pa­ra a in­dús­tria ma­dei­rei­ra em Ca­bin­da. “O nú­me­ro de car­pin­ta­ri­as não pá­ra de cres­cer em Ca­bin­da e pas­sou de 61 em 2015 pa­ra cer­ca de 70 no pri­mei­ro se­mes­tre des­te ano”, sublinha Ndu­bo Pau­lo, acres­cen­tan­do que es­tas es­tão agru­pa­das em co­o­pe­ra­ti­vas e as­so­ci­a­ções de pro­du­to­res. A fi­lei­ra da ma­dei­ra é, na ver­da­de, uma das prin­ci­pais “ban­dei­ras” da in­dús­tria em Ca­bin­da. Pre­ten­de-se ca­pi­ta­li­zar, ao má­xi­mo, es­se seg­men­to, par­tin­do da ex­plo­ra­ção, ser­ra­gem, trans­for­ma­ção e o apro­vei­ta­men­to dos re­fu­gos da ma­dei­ra, num mo­men­to em que já há em­pre­sas a pro­du­zir carvão eco­ló­gi­co pa­ra o mer­ca­do nacional e ex­ter­no. A proi­bi­ção, pe­lo Governo, da ex­por­ta­ção de ma­dei­ra em to­ro foi aco­lhi­da com um en­tu­si­as­mo no­tá­vel no sec­tor in­dus­tri­al em Ca­bin­da. “Es­sa me­di­da do Exe­cu­ti­vo vem col­ma­tar al­guns pre­juí­zos que os ma­dei­rei­ros vi­nham ten­do, pois le­va­vam a ma­dei­ra em to­ro pa­ra os mer­ca­dos dos paí­ses vi­zi­nhos, fun­da­men­tal­men­te pa­ra Pon­ta Ne­gra, Re­pú­bli­ca do Con­go, on­de o pro­du­to aca­ba­va por ser su­ba­va­li­a­do”, diz Ndu­bo Pau­lo. As em­pre­sas que ex­plo­ram a ma­dei­ra sa­em, as­sim, a ga­nhar ao ex­por­tá-la já trans­for­ma­da, acres­cen­ta. Qu­an­to à efi­cá­cia da im­ple­men­ta­ção des­se di­plo­ma, o se­cre­tá­rio da In­dús­tria e Ge­o­lo­gia e Mi­nas de Ca­bin­da é ca­te­gó­ri­co: “não se­rá fá­cil lu­di­bri­ar as au­to­ri­da­des, pois a ma­dei­ra tem que pas­sar pe­los pos­tos fron­tei­ri­ços e adu­a­nei­ros, o que exi­ge mei­os de trans­por­te po­ten­tes. En­fim, a si­tu­a­ção es­tá con­tro­la­da”, adi­an­ta. Al­gu­mas das uni­da­des de trans­for­ma­ção da ma­dei­ra im­plan­ta­das no mer­ca­do de Ca­bin­da exi­bem, hoje, um “know-how” e ex­pe­ri­ên­cia que as co­lo­cam em con­di­ções de com­pe­tir em qual­quer mer­ca­do nacional e ex­ter­no. “Exis­tem já al­gu­mas uni­da­des com ex­pe­ri­ên­cia com­pro­va­da e “know-how” e que pro­du­zem mo­bi­liá­rio, so­bre­tu­do es­co­lar, de alta qua­li­da­de, pa­ra aqui­lo que nós con­si­de­ra­mos co­mo “bens pro­ve­ni­en­tes da ma­dei­ra”, diz o se­cre­tá­rio da In­dús­tria e Ge­o­lo­gia e Mi­nas de Ca­bin­da, des­ta­can­do o pro­gra­ma de re­fres­ca­men­to dos ope­rá­ri­os da fi­lei­ra da ma­dei­ra, en­tre­tan­to pa­ra­li­sa­do de­vi­do à crise eco­nó­mi­co-fi­nan­cei­ra. A boa no­tí­cia é que três em­pre­sas de ma­dei­ra de Ca­bin­da fo­ram con­tra­ta­das pe­lo Mi­nis­té­rio da In­dús­tria pa­ra o fornecimento de mo­bi­liá­rio es­co­lar a vá­ri­os es­ta­be­le­ci­men­tos de en­si­no na pro­vín­cia e ou­tras re­giões do país. Ndu­bo Pau­lo ex­pli­ca que ca­da uma des­sas uni­da­des prevê o fornecimento de 10 mil car­tei­ras, o que po­de mi­ni­mi­zar subs­tan­ci­al­men­te a ca­rên­cia que se re­gis­ta nos di­fe­ren­tes es­ta­be­le­ci­men­tos de en­si­no. Ndu­bo Pau­lo a uti­li­za­ção, pe­las em­pre­sas que ope­ram no mer­ca­do de Ca­bin­da, de pro­du­tos lo­cais, que diz, têm qua­li­da­de e não fi­cam na­da a de­ver a mui­tos que são de A proi­bi­ção, pe­lo Governo, da ex­por­ta­ção de ma­dei­ra em to­ro foi aco­lhi­da com um en­tu­si­as­mo no­tá­vel no sec­tor in­dus­tri­al em Ca­bin­da, que prevê, as­sim, ar­re­ca­dar mais re­cei­tas

IF YOU GO

The near­est air­port to Mo­dena is in Bologna, about a 40-minute drive. WHERE TO STAY Mo­dena’s Cen­tral Park Ho­tel is an el­e­gant, four-star ho­tel lo­cated in the city cen­tre and very close to ameni­ties and mon­u­ments. Rooms from about $210 a night. MU­SE­UMS AND AT­TRAC­TIONS Fer­rari Mu­seum: Open daily from 9:30 a.m. to 6 p.m. For more in­for­ma­tion and tick­ets, visit mu­sei.fer­rari.com. Lam­borgh­ini Mu­seum and fac­tory tour: Open daily dur­ing the sum­mer from 9:30 a.m. to 7 p.m. and un­til 6 p.m. the rest of the year, the mu­seum and fac­tory are lo­cated along the Via Mo­dena on the out­skirts of the city. Bio Hom­bre Or­ganic Farm and clas­sic car col­lec­tion: Guided tours of the Parmi­giano-Reg­giano cheese dairy and Um­berto Panini’s clas­sic car and mo­tor­cy­cle col­lec­tion are avail­able in Ital­ian and English, Mon­day to Fri­day from 9 a.m. to 12 p.m. and 3 p.m. to 5 p.m. and Satur­days from 9 a.m. to 12 p.m. Book ahead. Au­to­dromo di Mo­dena: A two-lap Fer­rari F430 Challenge test drive on this 2,000-me­tre cir­cuit will set you back €450 ($670). In­cludes a con­grat­u­la­tory glass of pros­ecco and sou­venir rac­ing cap. Mo­dena Cento Ore: This five­day clas­sic-car rally, which takes place each June, at­tracts driv­ers from around the world. Re­gional info For more in­for­ma­tion about the Emilia-Ro­magna re­gion, in­clud­ing sug­gested Mo­tor Val­ley itin­er­ar­ies, visit emil­iaro­mag­na­tur­ismo.com.

If you saw your child­hood home listed on Airbnb, would you take the op­por­tu­nity to re­visit your past?

The real ques­tion peo­ple are ask­ing is this: Will we be dis­ap­pointed to find our­selves still our­selves? J.E. He­witt is go­ing to try – she’s dis­cov­ered the house she grew up in is listed on Airbnb My child­hood home is up on Airbnb and my sis­ter and I are go­ing to go “live there” for a week­end. I should have saved this news as a punch line, but there it is. We’re go­ing home. Our lit­tle house, still tucked among trees and within sight of a small gem of a pond, is now a coun­try re­treat. The own­ers, who bought the house from my par­ents in the 1980s, are able to live closer to their work at their busier times of year and have started of­fer­ing the house to the over­worked and over­stressed for a few days of gen­tle down time. This is not about Airbnb, the un­re­solved de­bate on its pluses and mi­nuses. It’s about how cool it is to have this op­por­tu­nity! And how strange to see our old home pic­tured on the web­site. The pho­tos spring off the screen, so fa­mil­iar: the peaked roof, the painted trim, the old horse and car­riage barn. What you can’t see: the creak­ing of frogs, the ring­ing song of birds and in­evitably, the buzz of mos­qui­toes, the green smell of cut grass. The dreams I’ve had about that house could fill a novel. Lay­ers and years of mem­o­ries, all the games we played, all the funny and sad and bril­liant things. The time we “har­vested” the roost­ers and they ran around with no heads. The time we had a seance and scared our­selves silly. The time snow storms stranded us for two weeks. The time we crept out on the roof to see the North­ern Lights. All the times we skated and fished and rowed on the pond. Mem­o­ries that last a life­time. So why do we need to go back? Most peo­ple we’ve told are sure we’ll be dis­ap­pointed. It won’t be the same, they say. Okay, true. The house has changed. Gone are the mark­ings of the 1970s, the pat­terned wall­pa­per, tufty car­pets in odd shades and un­fit­ted kitchen. The old ce­ment and stone porch my dad built out back, un­der which every sum­mer my brother’s pet wood­chuck dug a den, has been re­placed by a sun room. The new own­ers have re­stored the whole house to a former glory, with pol­ished wood floors and fresh white paint, which, although lovely, won’t be fa­mil­iar. And it seems cer­tain an­cient maple trees, trees we prac­ti­cally lived in, have fi­nally fallen. Will it be the same? No. But will it feel the same? The kitchen win­dow still looks out on the pond and we’ll sit there with cof­fee mugs in the morn­ing the way my mother would have done. Do we need any­thing more? It’ll be full of ghosts, they say. Yes, that’s also true. That house has to be pop­u­lated by ghosts, even if only the ghosts of our former selves, still slid­ing down the tall ban­nis­ter, hid­ing in the coat closet wait­ing to be found, whis­per­ing from our bunk beds. I en­tered the house as a new­born and left it bound for univer­sity; my­self as a child, an ado­les­cent, a young adult im­pa­tient to get on with things, all wait there to greet me. But also: My sis­ters and brother, our cousins, aunts and un­cles, friends and neigh­bours, every per­son who ever walked through that door for a visit, a Christ­mas din­ner, a bri­dal shower, ev­ery­one who sat in the liv­ing room bal­anc­ing a flow­ered tea cup and saucer on their knees, will have left some neb­u­lous mark. My fa­ther and mother, now gone, in my mind still sit on fold­ing lawn chairs af­ter weed­ing the gar­den. Even our dog lies un­der the cedar tree, the beloved dusty pads of his feet stick­ing up from a hole dug to cool off af­ter a long hot day. Will we feel them with us, these ghosts? Will we spot them, half-seen through the scrim of time? Or will they de­cline the in­vi­ta­tion? They say you can’t go back. They’re right. The past is a brightly painted coun­try where we once lived, so real and vivid in mem­ory, from which we are for­ever barred. My son is com­ing with me and no doubt we’ll wear him out with our rem­i­nis­cences, but I can never take him to see that lost coun­try, a place where we spent whole days swim­ming, rode our bikes with­out hel­mets and our cars with­out seat belts, looked up things we wanted to know in books on the shelf, not on a com­puter or an iPhone. Just by step­ping in the door, we’ll bring the present with us; mir­rors will re­mind us of how many years have gone by and we’re told there is WiFi, although it seems some guests pre­fer to avoid learn­ing the pass­word in search of qui­eter, older plea­sures. The real ques­tion peo­ple are ask­ing is this: Will we be dis­ap­pointed to find our­selves still our­selves? Do we imag­ine we might be trans­formed, once more be­com­ing those lit­tle girls? Will we long to jump off the rope swing or turn cart­wheels in the grass? Will we revel in fond mem­o­ries or miss those de­parted even more? Will we wish we’d left the past alone? Never mind, I still want to go. Fu­ture Airbnb re­view: We so en­joyed this quaint coun­try home, which em­braces the present while cher­ish­ing the mem­ory of a former time. Don’t be sur­prised if you’re joined by benev­o­lent ghosts. Oh, and although the an­tique set­ting will charm you, up­dated wash­rooms are a bless­ing. Sub­mis­sions: facts@globe­and­mail.com We want your per­sonal sto­ries. See the guide­lines on our web­site tgam.ca/es­sayguide

Mar­ro­cos

O re­gres­so de Mar­ro­cos à União Afri­ca­na mar­ca a von­ta­de de afir­ma­ção do país co­mo po­tên­cia con­ti­nen­tal. A cer­ca de seis me­ses das elei­ções ge­rais no país, par­ti­dos e can­di­da­tos já se mo­vi­men­tam em pré-cam­pa­nha. Car­los Se­ve­ri­no Ah­med el-Na­jar

Steve who? The guy who shamed Miss Colom­bia

EAS­ILY the most-talked-about event yes­ter­day was not the win­ning of Pia Alonzo Wurtzbach of the Philip­pines as Miss Uni­verse 2015 but the way her vic­tory was an­nounced, along with the trans­fer of the crown from Ari­adna Gu­tier­rez to her af­ter it rested on Miss Colom­bia’s head for two min­utes. Miss U con­tests have their own share of bloop­ers but this one would stand out in its 53-year history. That was how long it took for the epic er­ror at the Las Vegas beauty pageant to be cor­rected and yet it could haunt host Steve Har­vey the rest of his life. Who is Steve Har­vey? Brod­er­ick Stephen “Steve” Har­vey, 58, is a co­me­dian, TV host, ra­dio per­son­al­ity and au­thor. He hosts the Steve Har­vey Morn­ing Show and the pop­u­lar “Fam­ily Feud.” Since yes­ter­day, though, he has been known and will be re­mem­bered as that guy who botched the an­nounce­ment of Miss Uni­verse 2015 pageant. He’s prob­a­bly the most hated man in Colom­bia now and will be so for some time. He em­bar­rassed Ari­adna who was al­ready walk­ing and wav­ing on the stage when her bliss was in­ter­rupted with the cor­rec­tion of the er­ror and the re­moval and trans­fer of the $30,000 crown to Pia. Filipinos must also blame Steve for spoil­ing the most glo­ri­ous mo­ment in Miss Wurtzbach’s life. But the Colom­bians prob­a­bly hate him more and he should watch his back: Colom­bian thugs might raise their own version of a “ji­had” against him. Poor Har­vey. When he tweeted his apol­ogy af­ter the show, he also mis­spelled Miss Philip­pines, writ­ing “Miss Philip­pi­ans” in­stead. Just like his blooper on stage, the tweet was a “ter­ri­bly hon­est hu­man mis­take.” Oh yes, about Pia. She’s the third Filip­ina to win the Miss U crown. She said dur­ing the show that if she’d win, she’d be tak­ing the crown home af­ter 42 years. Glo­ria Diaz first won it in 1969 then Margie Mo­ran took the crown in 1973. U.S. pres­ence, Pia PIA was asked what she thought of U.S. mil­i­tary pres­ence in the Philip­pines. Her an­swer, in sum, was “no prob­lem.” She pref­aced that with (1) U.S. and PH hav­ing good re­la­tions, (2) the U.S. hav­ing col­o­nized the coun­try, to this day “we have their cul­ture in our tra­di­tions,” and (3) we’re very “wel­com­ing with” the Amer­i­cans. Ap­par­ently, she didn’t know about the op­po­si­tion to U.S. mil­i­tary pres­ence that led to the re­moval of the Amer­i­can bases in 1992 and a di­vided pub­lic o pin­ion about cur­rent moves to adopt an “en­hanced” ar­range­ment to al­low U.S. ships and troops to stay in the coun­try. Filip­ina pageant can­di­dates aren’t briefed about such po­lit­i­cal ques­tions as the one raised to Pia. They might start re­vis­ing prep cour­ses soon.

Foot­print shrink­ing

China is play­ing a sig­nif­i­cant role in re­duc­ing the world’s car­bon foot­print since it be­came the big­gest im­porter of re­cy­cled ma­te­ri­als, which are used ex­ten­sively in the coun­try’s in­fra­struc­ture con­struc­tion. China is play­ing a sig­nif­i­cant role in re­duc­ing the world’s car­bon foot­print since it be­came the big­gest im­porter of re­cy­cled ma­te­ri­als, used ex­ten­sively in the coun­try’s rapid in­fra­struc­ture con­struc­tion. Also, im­prove­ments in China’s re­cy­cling in­dus­try reg­u­la­tions have helped to im­prove the stan­dards of re­cy­cling glob­ally. “China’s grow­ing econ­omy has cre­ated great de­mand for scrap ma­te­ri­als, and the use of scrap in­stead of pri­mary ma­te­ri­als re­duces car­bon emis­sions. Although China’s eco­nomic growth has slowed, it is still play­ing an im­por­tant role,” says Alexan­dre Dela­coux, di­rec­tor-gen­eral of the Brussels-head­quar­tered Bureau of In­ter­na­tional Re­cy­cling. With mem­bers from more than 70 coun­tries, the bureau works to en­cour­age best in­dus­trial prac­tices in re­cy­cling so that the en­vi­ron­men­tal im­pact of eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment is kept to a min­i­mum. Ac­cord­ing to 2008 re­search con­ducted by the bureau, the to­tal es­ti­mated sav­ings in car­bon diox­ide emis­sions ob­tained through re­cy­cling glob­ally is ap­prox­i­mately 500 mil­lion tons of car­bon diox­ide. Common re­cy­clable ma­te­ri­als in­clude met­als, pa­per and plas­tics. As China grows, much of its con­struc­tion work is done us­ing a lot of scrap met­als no longer needed in other coun­tries. Such ma­te­rial comes at a cheaper cost than new ma­te­rial, and it helps to re­duce global car­bon emis­sions. For ex­am­ple, us­ing re­cy­cled pa­per can save about 75 per­cent of the en­ergy needed to make new pa­per from vir­gin fiber. It can also re­duce 35 per­cent of the wa­ter pol­lu­tion and 74 per­cent of the air pol­lu­tion caused in mak­ing new pa­per. Mean­while, us­ing fer­rous scrap met­als can save car­bon diox­ide emis­sions by 58 per­cent com­pared with pri­mary ore, ac­cord­ing to the bureau. The re­cy­cling or­ga­ni­za­tion has more than 30 mem­bers from China, from ci­ties such as Beijing, Hong Kong and Shang­hai. Dela­coux says one sig­nif­i­cant change his team has wit­nessed in re­cent years is the im­prove­ment in the qual­ity of China’s re­cy­cling prac­tices, a re­sult of the joint ef­forts of the Chi­nese gov­ern­ment and com­pa­nies. One key pol­icy that has changed China’s re­cy­cling in­dus­try is China’s Green Fence pol­icy. Started in Fe­bru­ary 2013, it was de­signed to pre­vent the im­ports of solid waste­con­tam­i­nated ship­ments. The Green Fence pol­icy has set a limit of 1.5 per­cent of al­low­able con­tam­i­nant in each bale in an ef­fort to keep trash out of China. Pre­vi­ously, some Western com­pa­nies would il­le­gally send non-re­cy­clable waste ma­te­ri­als to China, hid­ing it by la­bel­ing it as re­cy­clable ma­te­ri­als. Headed by Wang Ji­wei, vi­cepres­i­dent and sec­re­tary-gen­eral of the China Non­fer­rous Met­als In­dus­try As­so­ci­a­tion Re­cy­cling Metal Branch, the ini­tia­tive con­ducts ran­dom in­spec­tions of all forms of “im­ported waste”, mean­ing met­als, plas­tic, tex­tiles, rub­ber and re­cov­ered pa­per ma­te­ri­als. “The pol­icy marked the be­gin­ning of Chi­nese au­thor­i­ties mak­ing sure what­ever re­cy­cling ma­te­rial en­ters China is of good qual­ity. Those com­pa­nies that weren’t of­fer­ing the right qual­ity of re­cy­cling ma­te­ri­als had to ad­just their pro­cess­ing method to achieve the right qual­ity,” Dela­coux says. When the pro­gram first started, it hit the Chi­nese re­cy­cling in­dus­try very hard, but two years down the line, many firms have ad­justed their prac­tices and now the over­all qual­ity of ma­te­ri­als has im­proved. “Due to the Green Fence pro­gram, the im­ported re­cy­cling ma­te­ri­als are of much bet­ter qual­ity. I think the Chi­nese re­cy­cling in­dus­try’s catchin­gup phase has passed, and China’s re­cy­cling in­dus­try stan­dards are in line with the rest of the world,” he says. As re­cy­cling costs in de­vel­oped coun­tries con­tinue to grow, in­creas­ingly the world’s re­cy­cling in­dus­try is shift­ing to China. The United King­dom’s ex­ports of waste pa­per in­creased from 400,000 tons in 1998 to around 4.7 mil­lion tons in 2007, and ex­ports of waste plas­tics in­creased from less than 40,000 tons to more than 500,000 in the same pe­riod. More than half of the waste pa­per and more than 80 per­cent of the plas­tic col­lected by the UK au­thor­i­ties, su­per­mar­kets and busi­nesses for re­cy­cling are be­ing sent to China, ac­cord­ing to a re­port by WRAP, a pri­vate group based in the UK that works with gov­ern­ment, com­pa­nies and in­di­vid­u­als on waste re­duc­tion. Much of the waste sent to China is sorted in the UK first in ac­cor­dance with ex­port reg­u­la­tions. Un­der cur­rent in­ter­na­tional shipping laws, coun­tries of the Or­ga­ni­za­tion for Eco­nomic Co­op­er­a­tion and De­vel­op­ment can ex­port waste to non-OECD coun­tries only for re­cy­cling, not dis­posal. As mixed waste falls into the “dis­posal” cat­e­gory, it can­not be ex­ported to coun­tries out­side the bloc, as op­posed to scrap met­als that can be re­cy­cled into man­u­fac­tur­ing prod­ucts in coun­tries like China. China’s large waste and re­cy­cling mar­ket has cre­ated great op­por­tu­ni­ties for Western busi­nesses. Some Western re­cy­cling com­pa­nies are also shar­ing their in­no­va­tive im­port­ing pro­cesses with China, and one of them is the Ger­man waste man­age­ment and re­cy­cling company Alba, which started ex­port­ing re­cy­cled ma­te­ri­als to China 20 years ago, in­clud­ing scrap met­als, pa­per and plas­tic.

Sea­soned greet­ings in reused card.

It was the year E.T. wanted to phone home. Ed­mon­to­ni­ans were club­bing at Scan­dals and Flash­back, Ot­tawa was in the midst of a con­sti­tu­tional cri­sis and the up-and-com­ing Oil­ers won the Smythe di­vi­sion for the first time. Mike Leggett sent a Christ­mas card to his boss in 1982 and started a Christ­mas tra­di­tion that per­sists to this day. As a joke, he bought a card and ad­dressed it to Michael, from “Mom and Dad.” Then he crossed that out and re-ad­dressed it to his boss, Rodger Noble, at the Kingston Bank of Mon­treal in On­tario. It was funny be­cause the year be­fore, Noble’s wife thanked him for a card and joked that Noble didn’t want to spend the money to send him one in re­turn. “It’s not that I’m cheap. It’s just he was too cheap to send me a card,” Leggett said. He thought it was a one­off laugh. But the next year, Noble added a small note and sent the card back. They’ve car­ried on that way ev­ery since, tak­ing turns to add a note each year chron­i­cling the birth, deaths, graduations, and nearly a half a dozen moves around the coun­try, in­clud­ing a move to Ed­mon­ton in March 2011. The card is now packed solid with hand­writ­ing and Noble added a folded sheet of pa­per that has also been filled up. Noble is no longer Leggett’s boss. He’s now a good friend and the card has be­come a last­ing link be­tween their fam­i­lies. “It’s kind of cool that its gone on this long,” Leggett said, a day after mail­ing the let­ter to On­tario again. “It’s neat when you look back on it.” es­tolte@ed­mon­ton­jour­nal.com twit­ter.com/es­tolte ed­mon­ton­jour­nal.com Do you have a unique Christ­mas tra­di­tion? Tell us about it be­low or email Elise at es­tolte@ ed­mon­ton­jour­nal.com.

HO-HO-HOL­I­DAY CHEER!

IT’S OPEN SEA­SON on bar­gains. Mer­chants were poised to kick off Black Fri­day with an early morn­ing bang amid long lines. But re­ally, why wait when mil­lions of ded­i­cated shop­pers were ready to carve up Thanks­giv­ing deals? Bar­gain hunters trot­ted to the stores be­fore and af­ter their turkey time Thurs­day — part of a grow­ing trend among re­tail­ers to grab cus­tomer dol­lars ahead of Black Fri­day and keep Cy­ber Mon­day e-tail­ers from tak­ing too big a bite from the hol­i­day-dol­lar pie. Kmart went in for ex­treme shop­ping with a de­ci­sion to open for 42 hours straight, from 6 a.m. Thurs­day to mid­night Fri­day. “This is the only day I re­ally have off, so thank God some of the stores are open,” said Mar­rian Cayenne, 51, of Brook­lyn, at the Kmart on W. 34th St. She scooped up clothes, trin­kets and toys — all at deep dis­counts. “The shop­ping was fab­u­lous,” said the Mount Si­nai Hospi­tal worker. “Prices were un­be­liev­able.” Hordes of shop­pers, many of them tourists, poured into Macy’s flag­ship lo­ca­tion in Mid­town af­ter the famed de­part­ment store threw open its doors at 6 p.m. “It’s very crazy, but I like it,” said Kristin Smith, an economist from Nor­way who bought so many clothes that she also needed a new suit­case to lug the gear home. Ex­perts said there’s no doubt the ear­lier open­ings on Thanks­giv­ing are eat­ing into Black Fri­day’s tra­di­tional sales. Those sales dropped 13.2%, to $9.74 bil­lion, on Black Fri­day 2013 over the pre­vi­ous year — due to Thanks­giv­ing sales, re- tail an­a­lysts said. Still, Black Fri­day re­mains the pre­mier shop­ping day of the year, and there are plenty of long lines to prove it. Per­haps us­ing some of their big sav­ings, bar­gain hunters who didn’t want to brave the cold tem­per­a­tures and de­lays un­til doors opened re­lied on Task Rab­bit to hire stand-ins. The on­line com­pany was busy find­ing peo­ple will­ing to hold some­one’s place in line for $22 an hour. In New York City, no wait­ing was nec­es­sary at the Mid­town Kmart, which opened its doors well ahead of Black Fri­day. The store was buzzing with cus­tomers do­ing early Christ­mas shop­ping or out for a hol­i­day splurge. Man­ager José Coca, 36, said the store has been open on Thanks­giv­ing for the last three years. “The store is busier ev­ery year on Thanks­giv­ing,” he said. “We no­tice a big in­flux in traf­fic, ev­ery­body is look­ing for those re­ally good deals — they ex­pect to find those deals.” The line head­ing into the Best Buy on Fifth Ave. stretched three blocks prior to its 5 p.m. open­ing. Cyn­thia Smith of the Bronx waited more than an hour to buy a 50-inch flatscreen TV for her daugh­ter. “We work too hard for this!” Smith said, re­gret­ting the ex­pe­ri­ence. “This is the one day you get to spend with your fam­ily.” Myint Lwin, 50, of Elmhurst dis­agreed, and dur­ing a shop­ping break at Star­bucks he showed his rea­son why — four bags filled with clothes and house­hold items. “I saved $50 just on this,” Lwin crowed as he pulled out a white cot­ton bed­spread from JCPen­ney. He pointed to a toaster oven. “I saved an­other $40 on that.” The Queens man, in fact, prefers not to shop on Black Fri­day. “It’s too busy,” he said. “It’s bet­ter to come here on Thanks­giv­ing and then cel­e­brate Thanks­giv­ing on Black Fri­day.” Strong Black Fri­day sales are an im­por­tant in­di­ca­tor of the na­tion’s over­all fi­nan­cial health. But there’s a twist — an­a­lysts say the day’s sales have also slumped when the econ­omy is do­ing well. When pock­ets are flush with cash, con­sumers are less fo­cused on rock-bot­tom deals. Last year, more than a dozen re­tail­ers opened Thanks­giv­ing night. This year about half of them, in­clud­ing Tar­get, Macy’s, Sta­ples and JCPen­ney, opted to do the same.

Ap­petite for a healthy life­style

NUDE food is all the rage at North Man­durah Pri­mary School. Pupils have been em­brac­ing eat­ing healthy, fresh and un­pack­aged lunches. On Fri­day stu­dents en­joyed Nude Food Day, where their re­cess and lunch was not wrapped in foil, plas­tic or com­mer­cial pack­ag­ing. Teacher Robin Wat­son said stu­dents were learn­ing about waste re­duc­tion, re­cy­cling and their con­nec­tion to the health of the en­vi­ron­ment. “The ju­nior and mid­dle pri­mary classes have been hold­ing a lunch au­dit ev­ery Fri­day this term to see if we can re­duce the amount of rub­bish that we are bring­ing to school in our lunch boxes,” she said. “We have also started a worm farm as a pos­i­tive step to­ward reusing our waste. “Mrs Emery’s Year 5 class has been pro­duc­ing won­der­ful art works from plas­tic bags. “Ms Long­den’s Year 4 class has been in­ves­ti­gat­ing fast facts about rub­bish we pro­duce in our lunch­boxes. Our Year 6 and 7 stu­dents de­signed a wrap free lunch­box for their T and E task this term.”

Re­pur­pos­ing fills gap for non­re­cy­clable junk

What do you dowith 15,000 feet of old fire hose? Ham­mer it onto docks as boat bumpers. Weave it to­gether for jun­gle gyms. Stretch it into horse fences. Cut it into pieces to sharpen straight ra­zors. Wel­come to re­pur­pos­ing— find­ing new uses for items at the end of their lives. Re­pur­pos­ing isn’t new. Artists have long fash­ioned sculp­tures and other works out of what most peo­ple would con­sider junk. But re­pur­pos­ing typ­i­cally in­volves large vol­umes of ma­te­ri­als like thick wooden beams from old fac­to­ries, ar­ti­fi­cial turf from a foot­ball field or piles of street sweeper brushes. The grow­ing pop­u­lar­ity of re­pur­pos­ing among farm­ers, builders and man­u­fac­tur­ers has given rise to mid­dle­man busi­nesses that spe­cial­ize in sell­ing such ma­te­ri­als they buy or get for free or­were paid to haul away— busi­nesses like Colorado’s Re­pur­posed Ma­te­ri­als. “Th­ese big man­u­fac­tur­ing com­pa­nies, they have huge dis­posal prob­lems, and it’s not cool any­more to throw stuff away,” owner Damon Car­son said. The think­ing of man­u­fac­tur­ers to­day, he said, is, “I could throw this away or do a deal with Re­pur­posed Ma­te­ri­als and tell our share­hold­ers (and) cus­tomers that we’re closer to zero waste.” Brenda Pul­ley, se­nior vice pres­i­dent of re­cy­cling for the na­tional non­profit Keep Amer­ica Beau­ti­ful, said there is “a shift from think­ing of it as waste to think­ing about what value does that item have? How do we re­pur­pose it, re­use it and get it back in the econ­omy?” Re­pur­pos­ing is new enough that it has not been stud­ied. Seven states have chap­ters with the na­tional Re­use Al­liance, which is seek­ing fund­ing to es­tab­lish data on re­use. “Are use could be you do­nate a com­puter and some­one gets to use it,” Pul­ley said. A 2011 Min­nesota study sug­gests that spar­ing junk from land­fills can con­trib­ute a lot to its econ­omy. The re­port es­ti­mated that its re­use sec­tor, which in­cludes items such as used cars, gen­er­ates $4 bil­lion in gross sales an­nu­ally, 1.6 per­cent of the state’s gross do­mes­tic prod­uct. The story of how Re­pur­posed Ma­te­ri­als ob­tained the fire hose il­lus­trates how re­pur­pos­ing ben­e­fits all par­ties in­volved. Car­son bought 15,000 feet of fire hose from the city of Chicago for less than $1,000 in an on­line auc­tion, he said. So far, he has sold about 7,000 feet at 50 cents a foot, reap­ing a tidy profit. On the sell­ing side, Chicago saved an es­ti­mated $350,000 on haul­ing and dump­ing fees, said Cathy Kwiatkowski, a spokes­woman for the Depart­ment of Pro­cure­ment Ser­vices. On top of that, the city made money sell­ing the hose aswell as thou­sands of other un­wanted items. Chicago has col­lected more than $11 mil­lion in more than 2,000 on­line auc­tions since 2011, Kwiatkowski said. Car­son said his cus­tomers come from a range of in­dus­tries (cran­berry farm­ers, cop­per min­ers, golf course own­ers) but have char­ac­ter­is­tics in common: in­no­va­tive­ness, re­source­ful­ness and fru­gal­ity. Acase in point is Bran­don Weiss, a home builder who bought a fewr olls of Har­vard Univer­sity soc­cer field turf to cover mud sur­round­ing a house hewas stag­ing to sell. “We used the turf as a way to soften up the con­struc­tion phase,” Weiss said. “Now, we’re us­ing it as a walk way be­tween raised gar­den beds.” Then there’s Mike Bran­don­isio, owner of a ra­zor-sharp­en­ing business. He bought 50 feet of used fire hose, though he doesn’t take credit for be­ing in­no­va­tive. He said re­pur­pos­ing fire hose to make into strops to sharpen straight ra­zors dates to the 1800s. The fire hose side, he ex­plained, chis­els off mi­cro­scopic amounts of metal, and a leather flip side smooths it out. One up­side of re­pur­pos­ing is that it can be in­ex­pen­sive. On a re­cent week­day, a cou­ple vis­ited Re­pur­posed Ma­te­ri­als’ Chicagoarea lo­ca­tion, where branch man­ager Jerry Kessler showed them Astro Turf ob­tained from a high school in the city. Brian Zirkle and Michelle An­der­son plan to open a sports train­ing fa­cil­ity. They walked be­tween rows of green turf, spot­ted with red, which had been in the school’s end zone. “There’s re­ally not a whole lot of op­tions for (Astro Turf). The No. 1 way to dis­pose of it is a land­fill.” Chris Franks, Sports Con­tract­ing Group “How­much is it?” An­der­son asked. When Kessler told her $187, An­der­son said she had been ex­pect­ing it to cost a lot more: “Are we miss­ing some ze­ros here?” The cou­ple didn’t buy the turf on the spot, but said they­would re­turn after look­ing at pic­tures of the school’s old field Chris Franks, pres­i­dent of Sports Con­tract­ing Group in Ohio, paid Re­pur­posed Ma­te­ri­als to re­move the ap­prox­i­mately 90,000 square feet of turf, he said. Franks in­stalled new­turf at the high school’s foot­ball field in mid-Au­gust. Had he not found Re­pur­posed Ma­te­ri­als, Franks said, hewould have sent the en­tire field of poly­eth­yl­ene fibers and crum­bled rub­ber in­fill to the land­fill. “There’s re­ally not a whole lot of op­tions for it,” Franks said. “The No. 1way to dis­pose of it is a land­fill.” Car­son de­clined to pro­vide sales or profit in­for­ma­tion other than to say it took two years for Re­pur­posed Ma­te­ri­als to break into the black. His Colorado business has seven em­ploy­ees, and he has one worker and a tem­po­rary em­ployee in Illi­nois. Car­son once was the guy­who put junk in land­fills. But then he bought a business called Kid­die Rides USA, which re­stored old carousel seats and coin-op­er­ated horse rides. An air­brush artist he worked with sug­gested that he buy old vinyl from ad­ver­tis­ing bill­boards to use as drop cloths. He did, and af­ter­ward dis­cov­ered that he could re­sell them to artists and other business own­ers at a profit. “There­was no grand vi­sion at that point,” Car­son said. Four years later, Re­pur­posed Ma­te­ri­als’ Kessler walked past piles of neatly folded vinyls at the Chicago-area lo­ca­tion. Peo­ple buy the sheets of vinyl at prices from $50 to $100, for re­use as pond lin­ers, boat cov­ers, slip-and-slides and for back­yard movie screens, Kessler said. The 10,000-square-foot lo­ca­tion was for­merly a lum­ber­yard. The company hosts auc­tions ev­ery cou­ple of months to help move out old inventory. But on a re­cent visit, rolls of Astro Turf, gym­na­sium floors, bill­board vinyl, con­veyor belts, gal­va­nized steel cable and street sweeper brushes filled the space. Farm­ers buy the brushes for re­use as cat­tle back scratch­ers. “They take the big brush and put it on a big pole (or) hang it from a tree or fence or some­thing,” Kessler said of the prickly red cylin­ders with steel cores. “And when your cows or horses have an itch, they go and rub up against it.” Kessler said he also has large drums of “har­vest berry” fra­grance in­tended for sham­poo. “It makes the ware house smell re­ally good while it’s here, but (I’m) not sure what we’re go­ing to do with that,” Kessler said, laugh­ing. “But that’s kind ofwhat the cool part of the job is. You never know who’s go­ing to call, what’s go­ing to show or what you’re ul­ti­mately go­ing to do with it.” One in­dus­try bol­stered by re­pur­pos­ing is con­struc­tion and re­mod­el­ing. Re­pur­pos­ing items in homes can add to their value, some in the in­dus­try said, while donat­ing items can give home­own­ers some­thing to write off on their taxes. Steve Fi­lyo, founder of Pur­suit of Con­scious­ness, said he pre­serves items dur­ing de­mo­li­tion, and home­own­ers do­nate them to a non­profit that re­pur­poses them. Lum­ber is almost al­ways re­pur­posed. “We’re try­ing to put to­gether a net­work of artists and crafts­men whowould value that th­ese things could be­come some­thing else,” he said. Gary Marks, a for­mer Chicago an­tiques dealer, said he likes to in­cor­po­rate re­pur­posed items in the Chicago houses he ren­o­vates. Some ex­am­ples: a chan­de­lier made from op­er­at­ing room sur­gi­cal lights and an iron fire safe door turned into a hall­way closet door, adding value to the home. “Every­body sells Chicagoans the same thing.… Somebody flips the switch, like it­was with gran­ite-top coun­ters and stain­less steel ap­pli­ances,” Marks said.“When you showthem some­thing dif­fer­ent, they go, ‘Wow that is cool.’ ”

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