Iraq is fall­ing apart

Pakistan Observer - - EDITORIAL & COMMENTS -

IN yet an­other das­tardly act of ter­ror in Iraq and that too in the fast­ing month of Ra­mazan, at least 125 per­sons lost their lives and many re­ceived in­juries when a sui­cide bomber ripped through a busy shop­ping dis­trict in Bagh­dad over the week­end. The blast is be­ing de­scribed as the dead­li­est sin­gle at­tack in the con­flict rid­den coun­try in years.

Wors­en­ing vi­o­lence es­pe­cially the use of se­cu­rity forces for po­lit­i­cal ends has re­in­forced po­lar­iza­tion in the coun­try, and this also has spillover ef­fects and the prob­lem has be­come in­creas­ingly re­gional in scope. In fact the 2003 in­va­sion of Iraq by the United States com­pli­cated the is­sues as a re­sult of which one Mus­lim coun­try af­ter an­other in the re­gion is plung­ing into the an­ar­chy and vi­o­lence. Be­cause of the flawed western poli­cies, we also saw the emer­gence of ter­ror mon­ster like ISIS who is now pen­e­trat­ing deep into dif­fer­ent re­gions and hit­ting the tar­gets with free will. The foot­prints of the ter­ror out­fit has been found in all the re­cent at­tacks rang­ing from Bagh­dad as­sault to re­cent bomb­ings in Is­tan­bul, Syria, Ye­men, Jor­dan and Le­banon. As re­gards the in­creas­ing vi­o­lence in Iraq is con­cerned, it ap­pears to be a part of the con­spir­acy to di­vide the coun­try into three parts: Sunni, Shi­ite and Kur­dish, which we be­lieve will not help re­solve the is­sues but fur­ther plunge the whole re­gion into deep tur­moil. In fact, the US did not re­alise the con­se­quences of the in­va­sion of Iraq in 2003 that not only led to the desta­bi­liza­tion of this coun­try, but its Domino ef­fect brought in­sta­bil­ity in the en­tire Mid­dle East. Now the sit­u­a­tion in Iraq is such a messy that the gov­ern­ment is un­able to es­tab­lish its writ even in the ar­eas con­trolled by it. Given the cur­rent sit­u­a­tion in Iraq, it is im­per­a­tive that the course of a po­lit­i­cal set­tle­ment is im­me­di­ately pur­sued that ad­dresses the very po­lit­i­cal grievances of dif­fer­ent stake­hold­ers; oth­er­wise, the coun­try will con­tinue its slide into frag­men­ta­tion.


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