Pakistan Today (Lahore)

Biden to tell Putin he’ll face toughest sanctions yet if he invades Ukraine

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US President Joe Biden will use a high-stakes video conference with Russian President Vladimir Putin later on Tuesday to tell him that Russia will be hit with the toughest economic sanctions yet if it invades Ukraine, US officials said. They said the sanctions, which a source said could target Russia’s biggest banks and Moscow’s ability to convert roubles into dollars and other currencies, were designed to dissuade Putin from using thousands of troops massed near the Ukrainian border to attack.

The Kremlin has repeatedly denied harbouring such intentions and has said the posture of its troops is purely defensive. It in turn has raised concerns about Ukrainian intentions and has said it wants guarantees that Kyiv will not use force to try to retake territory lost to Russiaback­ed separatist­s. The Russian rouble firmed on Tuesday despite the threat of new sanctions.

Ahead of his first direct talks with Putin since July, Biden consulted with European allies on Monday to discuss plans for the sanctions against Russia and seek a strong allied stance in support of Ukraine’s territoria­l integrity and sovereignt­y.

Biden spoke to French President Emmanuel Macron, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson. They called on Russia to de-escalate tensions and return to diplomacy and said their teams will stay in close touch, including in consultati­on with NATO allies and EU partners, on a “coordinate­d and comprehens­ive approach,” the White House said. Biden’s team has identified a set of economic penalties to impose should Russia launch an invasion, a senior Biden administra­tion official said. A separate source familiar with the situation said targeting Putin’s inner circle has been discussed but no decision had been made. Sanctions against Russia’s biggest banks and the ability to convert roubles into dollars and other currencies were also being considered, another source said. CNN reported the United States could include the extreme step of disconnect­ing Russia from the SWIFT internatio­nal payment system used by banks around the world. Bloomberg reported that the United States and European allies are weighing sanctions targeting the Russian Direct Investment Fund.

The United States could also restrict the ability of investors to buy Russian debt on the secondary market, Bloomberg added, citing people familiar with the matter. The White House declined to comment.

DIPLOMACY: The secure video call, with Biden speaking from the White House Situation Room, is expected to occur at about 1500 GMT.

White House spokeswoma­n Jen Psaki said it remained unclear whether Putin had made a final decision to invade Ukraine Ukraine and NATO powers accuse Russia of building up troops near the border, sparking fears of a possible attack. Moscow denies any such plan and accuses Kyiv of building up its own forces in its east, where Russian-backed separatist­s control a large part of Ukrainian territory. The United States has urged both countries to return to a set of agreements signed in 2014 and 2015 and designed to end a separatist war by Russian-speakers in eastern Ukraine.

“He (Biden) will make clear that there will be very real costs should Russia choose to proceed, but he will also make clear that there is an effective way forward with respect to diplomacy,” the senior Biden administra­tion told reporters.

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