Protecting National Policy
A National Security Council can help fight terrorism and extremism and other internal and external threats.
There is a historical background of the role of the armed forces in the national affairs of Turkey. This role is diametrically opposite to the role that Pakistan’s armed forces have played. After the defeat of the central powers (which included the Ottoman Empire) in the First World War at the hands of the Allies and the Arab Revolt against the Ottomans, the Ottoman Empire was dismembered into several kingdoms sponsored by the Allies. The Allies wanted to occupy the Turkish mainland but the defeated Ottoman armies reorganized themselves under the leadership of Ghazi Mustafa Kemal and successfully repealed the combined offensive of the British, French, Australian and New Zealand armies at Gallipoli.
The Ottoman Caliphate, after its defeat in the First World War, followed a policy of appeasement of the Allied powers. Major cities in Turkey like Constantinople and Izmir were occupied by the Allied powers in 1919. It was at that time that Ghazi Mustafa Kemal established the ‘Turkish National Movement’ and started the Turkish War of Independence aimed at restoring Turkish sovereignty on the Turkish mainland. Forces under the command of Ghazi Mustafa Kemal crossed the Bosporus Strait and also recovered lost territory on the European side.
He abolished the pro-Western Caliphate, declared Turkey a secular republic, held elections in which women had a right to vote, passed a constitution and rebuilt Turkey on modern lines. The Turkish Armed Forces
Former Prime Ministers of Pakistan: Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy Zulfikar Ali Bhutto