Interview With Honorable, H.E. Mr. Mustafa Caner EVRAN Ambassador of Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus in Pakistan
Ambassador of Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus in Pakistan
Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) and Pakistan are enjoying deep rooted brotherly bilateral relations since the commencement of the relations. Pakistan shares many historical and religious commonalities with TRNC. TRNC is a historical and enriched in cultural connections and resource rich country located with a significant potential in the field of economy and human resource. Recently TheDiplomaticInsight arranged an exclusive sitting with H.E. Mr. Mustafa Caner EVRAN to share views on issues of bilateral level between Pakistan and TRNC and to highlight the conflict in Cyprus. Following are the excerpts of the interview. Q:PakistanandTRNCaretwobrotherlycountries,howwould you term the relationships since the time of inception of diplomaticrelations? Answer: The relationship between Pakistan and Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus has been warm and cordial since the inception of the Republic. The relationships come from heart and are deep rooted linked with history, culture, religion and common objectives of peace and harmony in theworld. When we look towards Pakistan, we feel much closer to the country and its people. People of Pakistan are warm and friendly and they are more hospitable. We establish diplomatic relations with Pakistan in 1987 after the inception of the Republic and since then there is continuous growth and collaboration of the relations at all levels. We express gratitude to the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and its brotherly people that they have been for the unwavering support to theTurkish Cypriot Extending people on the Cyprus conflict. Q:WhatisbackgroundoftheconflictinCyprus? Ans: The Mediterranean Island of Cyprus has suffered a long history of foreign domination, violence and civil strife. Since the 1950s, when itwas still a colony of Britain, Cyprus became a conflicting region between two main ethnic/ religious populations--- Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots. The Ottomans conquered the main Cyprus land in 1571 and later after World War I British Empire declared that Cyprus belonged to it. After Ottomans many Turks came to live in Cyprus. Cyprus turned into inhabitants of Greeks and Turks. When Greece gained independence from Ottomans in 1830, Greece wanted to expand its territory and thus intended to expand to engulf Cyprus as well. During the British period in 1931, Greek Cypriots made a riot against the British rule and h the then governor's house demanding union with Greece. As a result of these riots and civil strife an opinion pollwas held where 96% of the Greek Cypriots declared to join with Greece while the Turkish Cypriots wanted to join to their motherland Turkey. At that time this was not the intention of the Empire to divide the Cyprus. Greek Cypriots organized a revolt against the rule and it was an armed struggle where they started attacking on British citizens and Turks at the same time. Three years later, we formed our own resistance movement which was meant only for the self defence. It was meant to resist the atrocities done by theGreek Cypriots on us. In 1960 Britain decided to leave from Cyprus and later Cyprus Republic was established. In the same year, the Republic was collapsed after three years of its establishment, in 1963, when the Greek Cypriots launched an armed attacked against the Turkish Cypriot co-founder partner and forcefully ousted it from the whole organs of the common state. The main aim of the Greek Cypriots was to unite the island with mainland Greece. The Moslem Turkish Cypriot people did not accepted and never bow to this, organizing a resistance against the Greek and Greek Cypriot domination attempts. Turkish Cypriots, who were forced to leave their villages and houses and live in enclaves for security reasons, in time established their own administrative setup to run their day-to-day affairs. This situation lasted eleven years from 1963 to 1974, the year when the Military Junta comprising of Colonels in Greece staged a coup d`etat in Cyprus on 15 July 1974 and toppled the Greek Cypriot Makarios Government, replacing him with the notorious anti-Turk and anti-Islam character Nicos Sampson as the `president of Cyprus`. Sampson on the same day appeared on the state television and stated that from then on Cyprus had been united with motherland Greece!... Sampson also said that, it was now time to eliminate thewhole population ofTurkish Cypriots.