Cel­e­brat­ing Pak­istan-ja­pan Re­la­tions

The Diplomatic Insight - - Pakistan-japan Relations - *Dr. Ah­mad Rashid Ma­lik 3

The glo­ri­ous his­tory of Pak­istan-ja­pan re­la­tion­ship has en­tered into their 6oth year of diplo­matic es­tab­lish­ment this year. For­mal bi­lat­eral diplo­matic re­la­tions were es­tab­lished on 18 April 1952. How­ever, the only schol­arly study so far con­ducted is that of the writer of this ar­ti­cle him­self three years ago, en­ti­tled Pak­istan-ja­pan Re­la­tions: Con­ti­nu­ity and Change in Eco­nomic Re­la­tions and Se­cu­rity In­ter­ests, pub­lished in London and New York in 2008 by world aca­demic pub­lisher, Routledge. The study is based upon a doc­toral dis­ser­ta­tion done at La Trobe Univer­sity, Melbourne, Australia, dur­ing 1994-97. The study ful­fills a ma­jor gap that ex­ists in re­search dis­courses on Pak­istan's for­eign and eco­nomic re­la­tions and in par­tic­u­lar on Ja­pan and the Eas­tasian re­gion.

The study fo­cuses on the de­vel­op­ment of Pak­istan- Ja­pan re­la­tions in the in­ter­play of the eco­nomic and se­cu­rity in­ter­ests of the two coun­tries in the larger per­spec­tive of the in­ter­na­tional po­lit­i­cal econ­omy af­fect­ing Pak­istan and East Asia. This unique ap­proach adds to the use­ful­ness of the study. The study pro­vides a ba­sic guide­line as to howasian eco­nomic sys­tems started in­te­grat­ing with each other af­ter World­war II, paving the way for po­lit­i­cal nor­mal­iza­tion in Asia and bring­ing back Ja­pan to the Asian fold. The study re­veals many unique as­pects of Pak­istan-ja­pan re­la­tions. When Pak­istan be­came in­de­pen­dent in 1947, Ja­pan was un­der US oc­cu­pa­tion and Pak­istan's in­creas­ing trade re­quire­ments forced Pak­istan that Ja­pan should seek its lost sovereignty as soon as pos­si­ble be­cause an Oc­cu­pied Ja­pan could not trade freely and faces re­stric­tions. The Oc­cu­pied au­thor­i­ties, how­ever, en­cour­age trad­ing links be­tween Pak­istan and Ja­pan but Pak­istan pre­ferred to the end of all kinds of re­stric­tions on Ja­pan. Pak­istan was con­fi­dent of Ja­panese early eco­nomic re­cov­ery.as Pak­istan con­sid­ered Ja­pan as a model for a speedy de­vel­op­ment for Asia and fo­cused on the end of Oc­cu­pa­tion at early date. Whereas many Asian coun­tries, Ja­pan's neigh­bors, In­dia, and the Soviet bloc dis­agreed on the terms and con­di­tions of a peace treaty for Ja­pan. The dis­cus­sion on how and why Pak­istan and Ja­pan sep­a­rately be­came treaty-based mil­i­tary al­lies of the United States and thus part of a US- an­chored se­cu­rity com­plex against the spread of Com­mu­nism in this part of Asia is thought pro­vok­ing. U.S. Sec­re­tary of State John Foster Dulles re­marked that 'Pak­istan was the tower of strength on the Ja­panese peace treaty' signed on Septem­ber 8 1951 at San Fran­cisco that ended the U.S. Oc­cu­pa­tion of Ja­pan and re­stored its sovereignty and re­vived its econ­omy af­ter the long six and half years of Oc­cu­pa­tion. The de­vel­op­ment of post-treaty bi­lat­eral diplo­matic ties be­tween Pak­istan and Ja­pan re­veals some less known facts like the visit of Prime Min­is­ter Hus­sain Sha­heed Suhrawardy in 1957, which paved the way for the Ja­panese Prime Min­is­ter Nobusuke Kishi's tour of Asian coun­tries, which had hith­erto re­mained blocked sinceworldwar II. Ja­pan called its heart-to-heart di­plo­macy where Pak­istan played in­creas­ingly vi­tal role. Trade be­tween Pak­istan and Ja­pan was highly com­ple­men­tary with Ja­pan's tex­tile in­dus­try get­ting sup­plies of raw ma­te­ri­als such as cot­ton and jute in the

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