China’s sovereignty over South China Sea in­dis­putable

The Diplomatic Insight - - News - Chu Hao

In re­cent years, the South China Sea is­sue has re­ceived in­creased at­ten­tion. Op­pos­ing stances from Viet­nam and the Philip­pines have at times es­ca­lated con­fronta­tion, bring­ing South China Sea into fo­cus in the do­mes­tic and in­ter­na­tional me­dia. The semi-en­closed South China Sea, one of the three Asian mar­ginal seas, In­dian Ocean. Stretch­ing more than km from west and east, the sea cov­ers about 3.6 mil­lion square kilo­me­ters. Ac­ces­si­ble from all di­rec­tions, it car­ries great strate­gic im­por­tance. The South China Sea is­sue refers to the dis­putes over ter­ri­to­rial sovereignty, mar­itime de­lim­i­ta­tion and re­source al­lo­ca­tion among China and sev­eral south­east­ern Asian coun­tries. China’s full sovereignty over his­tor­i­cal ba­sis, fur­ther sup­ported by in­ter­na­tional law. As early as the 2nd century BC, an­cient Chi­nese orig­i­nally dis­cov­ered the of the mar­itime in­dus­try, the Nan­sha Is­lands started to at­tract at­ten­tion. China re­named the South China Sea is­lands as “Chang­sha” dur­ing Tang and Song dy­nas­ties, when dozens of names vividly de­scribed the is­lands, sand­banks, reefs, wa­ter­ways size, to­pog­ra­phy, and ori­en­ta­tion in the South China Sea. and man­aged Nan­sha Is­lands. The Odds Con­tents of the 1st century BC and the Guangzhou Records by the Jin- dy­nasty Pei Yuan recorded Chi­nese Sea. In the Ming and Qing dy­nas­ties, Fur­ther­more, they also re­claimed the land and planted trees there. In the 19th century, for­eign nav­i­ga­tors, based on the ex­ist­ing facts, ad­mit­ted that it was Chi­nese people who orig­i­nally de­vel­oped and man­aged dot­ted on ev­ery is­land, live on sea them also in­habit the is­lands,” noted the Bri­tish Navy’s China Sea Guide. ex­er­cised ju­ris­dic­tion on South China Sea. The Zheng He Nav­i­ga­tional Charts in the Ming Dy­nasty shows a record of the Nan­sha Is­lands. Two also in­clude the Nan­sha Is­lands into its in­ves­ti­ga­tion ac­tiv­i­ties in Nan­sha Is­lands in the face of protest from the Qing govern­ment. In 1933, the French oc­cu­pa­tion of the Nan­sha re­sis­tance, af­ter which the Chi­nese the ter­ri­tory. France evac­u­ated at last. In 1946, the Chi­nese govern­ment, ac­cord­ing to the “Cairo Dec­la­ra­tion” and “Pots­dam Procla­ma­tion,” re­gained its sovereignty over the South China Sea is­lands and reefs and re-erected a mon­u­ment of sovereignty on the main is­land. and new name ta­ble of the South China Sea is­lands, which was put un­der the gov­er­nance of Guang­dong Prov­ince. govern­ment re­leased a “South Sea Is­lands Lo­ca­tion Map” which was also re-adopted af­ter the found­ing of the People’s Repub­lic of China. In 1951, the “Ja­panese Peace Treaty” draft and “San Fran­cisco Con­fer­ence State­ment” an­nounced by Chi­nese for­mer pre­mier Zhou En­lai pointed out that the “Xisha, Nan­sha Is­lands and Dong­sha, Zhong­sha Is­lands have al­ways been pro­claimed the “Dec­la­ra­tion on the Ter­ri­to­rial Sea.” Af­ter­wards, in the face of vi­o­la­tions by for­eign coun­tries, the Chi­nese govern­ment has, on many oc­ca­sions, re­it­er­ated its in­dis­putable sovereignty over the Nan­sha Is­lands. The in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity and the dis­pute-in­volved coun­tries fur­ther over the South China Sea. Ac­cord­ing to hosts of diplo­matic documents, even Viet­nam has, re­peat­edly and ex­plic­itly, ac­knowl­edged the Xisha and Nan­sha Is­lands as Chi­nese ter­ri­tory. Many maps pub­lished by many coun­tries world­wide, in­clud­ing Ro­ma­nia, Spain and Ja­pan, rec­og­nize Nan­sha Is­lands as Chi­nese ter­ri­tory. There­fore, ac­cord­ing to ex­ist­ing his­tor­i­cal ba­sis and the prin­ci­ple oc­cu­pa­tion and the prin­ci­ple of eq­ui­table estop­pel in in­ter­na­tional law, China has in­dis­putable sovereignty over Nan­sha Is­lands and their ad­ja­cent wa­ters. South­east Asia and Ocea­nia Re­search Cen­ter of Chi­nese In­sti­tute of Con­tem­po­rary In­ter­na­tional Re­la­tions

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