Ed­i­tor’s Note

The Diplomatic Insight - - News -

is a coun­try to take no­tice of for the next 20 years, as it is go­ing to be a state that is in­creas­ing con­nec­tions by trad­ing its en­ergy rich hy­dro­car­bon re­sources with the out­side world hence to play the role of cre­at­ing a peace­ful and sta­ble re­gion for our fu­ture gen­er­a­tions. The coun­try is cur­rently hav­ing pro­duc­tion of 80 bcm of gas per year and proven re­serves for 32 tril­lion cu­bic me­ters. The lat­est In­ter­na­tional Mon­e­tary Fund(IMF) on the macroe­co­nomic data of Turk­menistan high­lights eco­nomic growth of ap­prox­i­mately 10 per­cent both in 2013 and 2014. A pro­gres­sion, ac­cord­ing to ob­servers, that is due, above all, to the hy­dro­car­bons sec­tor in­vest­ments, which, in re­cent years, are a fea­ture of this sec­tor. How­ever, one needs to un­der­stand that how this goal of peace and de­vel­op­ment in the re­gion will be achieved by Turk­menistan and what are the ini­tia­tives that the coun­try is tak­ing to make this hap­pen. Turk­menistan is uti­liz­ing its wealth of ex­trac­tion of hy­dro­car­bons through pipe­lines, elec­tric­ity gen­er­a­tion and build­ing com­mu­ni­ca­tion in­fra­struc­ture with the neigh­bor­ing states, fac­ing dearth of en­ergy re­sources and look­ing for ways to meet the grow­ing de­mands of en­ergy re­quire­ments. Turk­menistan’s neigh­bor­hood is marred with com­plex­ity of ter­ror­ism var­i­ous na­tures and in­ten­si­ties. The coun­try is not only out­reach­ing to the neigh­bor­ing states for pro­vid­ing op­por­tu­ni­ties for get­ting high val­ued re­sources in or­der to make the fac­to­ries and mills to work smoothly. Th­ese en­ergy pipe­line, elec­tric­ity trans­mis­sion lines, rails and roads will cre­ate new jobs and hence peace and pros­per­ity in the re­gion fac­ing dearth of de­vel­op­ment. Sev­eral projects are un­der­way in­clud­ing con­struc­tion of un­con­ven­tional links be­tween the states and use of ef­fec­tive and cor­rect en­ergy diplo­macy with the states has made Turk­menistan a nu­cleus for in­ter­na­tional and world en­ergy web. Four ma­jor en­ergy trans­mit­ting routes, one to Rus­sia and Europe, sec­ond one to Iran, third one, the most im­por­tant, to China(three trans­mis­sion lines for the eco­nomic gi­ant) are un­der­way, and fourth route is the fa­mous TAPI. The coun­try is work­ing on the do­mes­tic pipe­line for East-West which fa­cil­i­tate its en­ergy ex­ports. As one scholar puts it Turk­menistan has given new mean­ing to the mantra “hap­pi­ness is mul­ti­ple pipe­lines” but the coun­try is gen­er­ous enough to share the hap­pi­ness with the peo­ple of the re­gion too, hence cre­at­ing last­ing im­pacts on liveli­hoods. Re­gard­ing con­struct­ing com­mu­ni­ca­tions lines, IranTurk­menistan-Kaza­khstan rail­road, Turk­menistan-Afghanistan-Ta­jik­istan rail line and var­i­ous other projects like th­ese are un­der con­sid­er­a­tion to make Turk­menistan to reach out to largest con­sumer mar­kets and im­prove its eco­nomic out­reach. If the dream of Turk­menistan to be­come the nu­cleus of en­ergy sec­tor will be true then it will con­vert into a gate­way for peace, pros­per­ity and de­vel­op­ment for not only its own cit­i­zens but across the re­gion. Turk­menistan and Pak­istan to­gether joined CAREC (Cen­tral Asia Re­gional Eco­nomic Co­op­er­a­tion) in 2010 while in last year Turk­menistan also joined Ba­sic Mul­ti­lat­eral Agree­ment on In­ter­na­tional Trans­port for De­vel­op­ment of the Europe-the Cau­ca­sus-Asia Cor­ri­dor. Join­ing th­ese two fo­rums is meant to boost coun­try’s in­te­gra­tion with in­ter­con­ti­nen­tal trans­port cor­ri­dors. The coun­try is a link be­tween Cen­tral Asia, Europe, Mid­dle East and South­East­ern Europe, Asia and beyond. Turk­menistan is at cross­roads for a great many in­ter­ests re­lated to gas and, it can be said, with­out the risk of dis­tor­tion, the new en­ergy Silk Road goes through Ash­ga­bat.

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