H.E. Mr. Abdelaziz Bouteflika, President of Algeria
Today, the Algerian and freedom-loving nations throughout the globe celebrate the 60th anniversary of the inception of the glorious 1st November, 1954. The revolution restored the dignity of the Algerian people who suffered untold suppression, exploitation, humiliation and tyranny. No nation in the world has suffered more than the Algerian people on the hand of the despised European colonialist who usurped the land, suppressed the dignity and erased the Algerian national identity in a campaign of tyranny that extended to other nations, making them to suffer for long years after its exit. Even after 60 long years, the Algerian people would never forget the colonialists who burnt people, stones and trees and eradicated huge farms that continue to be barren even today. The people still remember with great pain the black events during seven and half years of brutal war that was led by a leading We, the Algerian people celebrate, like any other nation, eternal national struggles in defence of the holy land with the blood of our people. These victories would remain in the memory and the hearts of our people. They are made by heroes who fully committed to eradicate the colonialists their lives and shed their blood so that we would enjoy freedom and independence. They are indeed the martyrs as per the Quranic verse, “But do not think of those that have been slain in God’s cause as dead. Nay, they are alive! With their Sustainer have they their sustenance, exalting in that (martyrdom) which God has bestowed upon them out of His bounty. And they rejoice in their tiding given to those( of their brethren) who have been left behind and not yet joined them, that no fear need they have, and neither shall they grieve: they rejoice in their tiding of God’s blessings and bounty, and (in the promise) that God will not fail to requite the believers.” – Al-Imran: 169-171. Having full conviction that the martyrs occupy the highest level of elevation and that they contributed a great deal in the struggle for independence, I write here from Pakistan and for the sixth time to revive this blessed and unique anniversary that is so special to the Algerian people and other nations due to their contribution to preserve the human dignity and the values of freedom, peace, security, justice and equality. It is the 60th anniversary of the inception of the Algerian revolution on 1st November, 1954. On this date, the Algerian people decided to change their destiny and erase a black page of their history. They decided to pursue the course of foiling the colonial policy of suppression and tyranny through armed struggle to liberate their holy lands from the French imperialist and its offered by our fore-fathers who fought hard to regain our usurped rights and to liberated the holy land of Algeria from despicable French imperialism and to improve the living conditions of the citizens. Therefore, it is obligatory to shed light on that period of the Algerian history and to highlight the horrible crimes of the French imperialists and their agents and mercenaries supported by forces of North Atlantic Alliance against our steadfast Algerian people. Celebrating 1st November revolution every year is an attempt to remind our nation of the tremendous heroic and people’s resistance, which prepared the ground for the Jihad of the liberation revolution. It was a long struggle
that culminated in the liberation. It is a reminder that no people can have any prestige and respect if they ignore the symbols of their struggle and move forward for enjoying the mundane life. We derive from the 1st November revolution lessons honorably and died heroically for the sake of their nation. No power on earth could deter those martyrs from their course to liberate their nation. Their struggle was relentless. They lived with a pride and never bowed before the enemies and the temptation of life as many are doing today after achieving independence and the liberation. The 1st November revolution will remain eternal for Algeria and its history through all ages; reminding the French colonialists of their losses at the hand of the martyrs. It will also remind the next generations of the heinous crimes committed by Gen. Charles de Gaulle and his ruthless army. Similarly, 18th February will remain a national symbol to eternally honor the martyrs of Algeria and how they resisted the French colonialists and their massacres against peaceful and unarmed people, committing horrendous crimes and genocide against humanity and violating all international norms. The French colonialists were resisted and kicked out of Algeria but their signs continue to be witnessed even and Western borders. During the years over 7000 innocent civilians died because of these mines. Additionally, these mines caused injuries to thousands of people who lost their legs and arms. The French buried over 11 million mines on the Eastern and Western borders of Algeria, which were extended on a stretch of land of about 1710 km. So far, the Algerian Army has been able to remove 8 million mines. However, other 3 million mines continue to be buried even today and a source of threat to the innocent people. Evidently, the history of the Algerian revolution is full of outstanding events and heroes. This revolution was led by Algerian people to achieve independence especially when the colonialists employed all sort of crimes and atrocities and genocide to suppress this revolution. The colonialists even dumped nuclear wastes in Algeria to barren the lands. They followed a savage policy to spread poverty and ignorance among the people. They followed the policy of forcefully evicting the people from their villages and cities. They created special regions and banned the Algerians from living in them. It is in order to mention the events prevailing in Algeria before the eruption of the revolution. The 8th May 1945 massacre: On 8th May, there was an atmosphere of joy on the occasion of the victory of allies against Nazism. However, on this day, the Algerian people were facing genocide. On 1st May, the Algerian people started peaceful processions on the occasion of the International Labor Day. They demanded their national rights and raised the slogans of releasing prisoners and called for the independence of Algeria. Tens of thousands of Algerians participated in these processions, which were held in all major Algerian cities. However, the colonialist authorizes used brutal methods against these peaceful May about 500 people held a procession in the city of Annaba on the occasion of the fall of Berlin on the hands of the Allies. Similar processions were held on 4th May in Qalma and in Setif on May 7. However, the colonialists started a conspiracy to silence the Algerian civil society. On May, 8, 1945 and during Black Tuesday the massacre started to silence the demand of independence. In that massacre over 45000-100,000 unarmed civilians were killed in cold blood. Foreign sources put the number of people killed in the massacre between 50000-70000. This is in addition to over 200,000 people killed and wounded during the World War II. According to Al-Basaer newspaper, which represented Jamiat Ul Ulema al-Muslimeen, over 85000 were killed. The French author Ms Francis Dasani wrote in his book the peace for the American Ambassador to Egypt Mr. Pinkney Tuck told the Secretary General of the Arab League Azzam Pasha, that the French colonialists killed over 45000 protestors on May, 8 1945, which annoyed Gen. de Gaulle who claimed that the massacre was “an internal matter.” This massacre convinced the Algerian people that the French colonialists did not believe in the language of dialogue and negotiation and that whatever was taken by force cannot be regained except by force. They started preparing themselves for the inevitable armed struggle. The May 8th massacre was a turning point in the national movement that prepared the ground for the inception of the 1st November 1954 revolution against the French colonialists who occupied Algeria since 1830. The revolution fought valiantly the French colonialists for seven and half years until achieving independence on 5th July, 1962. During the revolution, the Algerian people lost 1.5 million martyrs. In the Arab world, whenever Algeria is mentioned, it is called the land of 1.5 million martyrs. Of all the countries that achieved independence fairly soon after World War II period, Algeria stands out as a tragic exhibit of the brutality of colonial rule. Even an exhausted France was unwilling to relinquish its hold on its colonies. France was even more adamant in holding onto Algeria. The ensuing War of Independence was one of the bloodiest
struggles of the 20th century. Over two million in a total population of ten million were forced out of their homes and put in concentration camps. The war was characterized by torture brutality and genocide against the Algerian people. In a long and protracted test of wills, the French and brutality against the resistance. The landmark achievement of the Algerian revolution left its marks on all Arab countries, which looked to the Algerian revolution as a model to be emulated in their struggle for independence. The battle of Algiers reconstructs the events that occurred in the capital city between November 1954 and December 1957, during the Algerian war of independence. In April 1954, larbi Ben M’hidi is one of the nine founders of the Revolutionary Committee of Unity and action and decide on 1 November 1954 as the date for starting the armed struggle for Algerian independence. He was given the leadership of Oran in 1956. The Battle of Algiers and death appointed head of the Algiers Autonomous Zone; he participated in the organization of 30, 1956). In January, the Governor General Robert Lacoste launches the Battle of Algiers. Larbi Ben M’hidi was arrested February 23, 1957 by paratroopers ; refusing to talk under torture, he was killed by a group of French soldiers under General Paul Aussaresses , on the night of 3 to 4 March 1957.
He was a brave and courageous man.
He said: you are the past, we are the future. The French policy in Algeria: The French policy in Algeria had made deep wounds in the building of Algerian society. France stopped the growth of the civil society for 132 years. It attempted to wipe the Algerian Arab and Muslim national identity by eradicating the moral and material basis on which this society is based. It targeted its tribal and family unity. It started Christian missionary to eradicate Algerian Islamic faith by reviving the Roman African Church raising the slogans that “Arabs would not obey France except when they became French and that they could not become French except they embraced Christianity.” Thus, the French policy relied on creating enmity to the Arabs and Islam. It attempted to erase Arabic language and suppress Arabic and Islamic culture. It resorted to closing schools and Institutes and ordained with the start of the 20th century to ban teaching Arabic language on the pretext that it is a foreign language. It did not permit any Algerian to learn Arabic language except after taking a permit in exceptional cases. On the other hand it promoted the French language and made it essential for employment and promotion. The French promoted spreading colloquial languages on the expense of the standard Arabic language. They considered standard Arabic language as a “dead language” in Algeria. They created a rift between the Arabic and Amazigh (Berber language) claiming that Amazigh was or an European origin. They followed a large scale policy to convert the Muslims into Christians especially in tribal areas. They established a large number of Christian missionary schools and churches, which were involved in social welfare schemes. According to the French statistics in Algeria, there was one Christian school for every 2100 child in the tribal region. They attempted to separate people from each other by establishing separate regions and banning any contacts with them so that they would not integrate together. But the tribal people resisted this policy The entire Algerian people without any exception did not accept the French policy, which made France to claim that the Algerian people were living on the margins of history. The Algerian people resisted the French sectarian policy by raising the slogan” Islam is our religion, Arabic is our language and Algeria is our country.” This was declared by the religious scholar and Mujahid Abdul Hamid bin Badis. Subsequently, the Algerian reformers sought – in the beginning- to strengthen the religious teaching to become the strong base for future Jihad without ignoring the political struggle. In 1931 Algerian Muslim Ulema society was established by bin Badis. The society established schools to teach young Algerians. Bin Badis also opposed the policy of opting for French nationality and considered it an attempt to suppress the Arab and Muslim identity of the Algerians. He demanded instead teaching Arabic language and Islamic religion. This has helped in preparing dependable Muslim generation. On the political level, Algerians started resistance through political organizations. This has helped in forming many organizations like The Movement of Supporters of Quran and Freedom, Communist Party, Algerian Muslim Ulema society, Star of north Africa Party, which was later changed into Algerian People’s Party and to Movement of the victory of Liberties and to The Revolutionary Committee for Unity and to Liberation Front with a military wing called Algerian Liberation Army.The main objective of the National Liberation Front (FLN) was to contact all political parties and urging them to join the revolution and to recruit volunteers for the liberation battle. The Algerian people have always achieved what they willed throughout ages. They derive their strength from Almighty God since they achieved the highest level of elevation by religion, values and human dignity. Also, it is generally perceived by all civilized nations that the will of God supports the collective will of the people. The Algerian
people registered through their revolution, martyrs high achievements as high as the mountains of Auras, djurdjura, and Wincheris. Today, we celebrate the 60th anniversary of the gigantic Algerian revolution with a commitment of protecting it with our lives and blood. Therefore, the 1st November revolution will remain an eternal and living symbol for Algeria and its honorable history throughout the ages. It is an eternal theme that cannot be erased from the memory of rising generations. It will remain a living and engraved symbol. Similarly, the Algerian martyrs will remain a constant pain for colonialist France and its agents; reminding youth and generation after another the crimes and atrocities that were committed against the Algerian people by Gen. de Gaulle and his hangmen and thugs among the French generals like bugeaud, bigeard, and Lacoste and many others. The 1st November revolution will remain an eternal day that reminds the coming generations, the Mujahideen and Algerian people of the paths of chaalle and Morice and the massacres of guelma, Kherrata and Setif, and the policy of burning the lands committed by the de Gaulle Nazis. This is in addition to the other massacres committed by the mercenaries and agents that are a matter of shame for the humanity and all international norms that are aforementioned. Therefore, the history of the revolution should be remembered. The future generations should also be educated about the atrocities committed by France during the revolution because the past events are a learning forum and a reservoir for building the future. No nation can afford to ignore their history and past. Hence, we would like to emphasize the fact that the 1st of November appears every year like the crescent of holy month of Ramadan to remind the generations of this glorious event and its values that graves of the martyrs and reciting holy Quran on their blessed departed souls. It inspires lessons and wisdom and the causes of the centre of power. It stimulates renaissance from the young people who believed in God, the country humiliation, disgrace and insult. They revolted and exploded against the colonialists like the explosion of a volcano against disgrace, the French destruction and its allies of agents, mercenaries and traitors. The entire nation followed them in their struggle of over seven and half years considering them alive and enjoying sustenance from their Lord. The struggle continued until the Algerian Republic achieved a decisive victory. It was on the 5th July, 1962 that Algeria regained national sovereignty that was usurped in 1830. Hence, it is obligatory to everyone who wants to know Algeria should pass through the gate of 1st November. It is the right and correct entrance to penetrate deep into the Algerian civilization, history and the present. Indeed, it is the only key to understand the Algerians today and to comprehend the Algerian mindset, the wisdom of its old people and the aspiration and robustness of its revolutionary youth, who are full of vitality and activity. This is the key of November 1954 that it remains alone capable of Algerian nationals. In fact Algeria and November are two names for one entity. It is Algeria that created November. And it is November that turned around history; bringing back Algeria into existence, independence and freedom. However, during this quick overview, we would like to register the achievements and successes achieved after independence. The independence has brought us close to trade development. Now, there are millions of students in Algeria. The country has rebuilt its infrastructure, hospitals, factories, dams, universities, road networks, railways and farms and trade centers. There is today marked improvement in social, health, educational, construction and cultural growth and is working hard to join the developed states. For, Algeria possesses the skills and competent manpower and wealth that make her in advanced stage along with the civilized nations. Concluding, I would like to commend the existing brotherly relations between the brotherly countries Algeria and Pakistan. They have always remained to be exceptional. They are based on mutual respect. As an ambassador of my country, I would like to strongly appreciate the generous support that extended by Pakistan to Algeria. Pakistan government of the Republic of Algeria immediately after its inception on 19th September, 1958. The government and people of Pakistan supported the freedom struggle of Algeria during its victorious liberation war against the despicable French imperialism. Therefore, Algeria can never forget those honorable stances of our Pakistani brothers. I extend congratulation to Algeria and its proud people on the 60th and the 52nd anniversary of independence. Long live the eternal anniversary of the revolution that achieved freedom and independence. May Almighty God, give glory to the revolution, eternity to the brave martyrs, rest their souls in peace and glory to the nation. Long live Algeria.
Long live Algeria-Pakistan relations.
Algeria - Pakistan Zindabad