A trip over the his­tory of Tu­nisia

The Diplomatic Insight - - News -

The ac­tual his­tory of the ter­ri­tory where the mod­ern Tu­nisia lies be­gan in the times that are con­sid­ered to the north­ern Africa ap­peared in the Mesolithic pe­riod. The epochs of Ber­ber na­tion, the Phoeni­cian estab­lish­ment of Pu­nic Wars and Ro­man con­quest, Van­dals, Byzan­tines and Ot­tomans, French col­o­niza­tion, the In­de­pen­dence of the coun­try and the revo­lu­tion of Jan­uary 14, 2011– all th­ese stages of devel­op­ment of Tu­nisia are have shaped the mod­ern coun­try. In the early ninth cen­tury BC, the fa­mous sailors and traders from the eastern coast of the Mediter­ranean Sea, Phoeni­cians, ar­rived to Africa. As their trade de­manded more and more new mar­kets, Phoeni­cians founded nu­mer­ous city-states. Thus, hav­ing reached the north­ern part of Africa, Phoeni­cians es­tab­lished an­other city-state and named it “Kart Hudesht” mean­ing the “new city” in the Semitic lan­guage. Fur­ther on, the city be­came a pow­er­ful coun­try un­der the name of Carthage. Carthage was so de­vel­op­ing in the di­rec­tion of the world it be­came one of the most pow­er­ful states of those times. Carthage be­came an equal ri­val to Rome and chal­leng­ing its em­pire. The war be­tween the two coun­tries was in­evitable. Three wars broke out be­tween Rome and Carthage and they were called Pu­nic Wars, and ended with the de­struc­tion of Carthage. where the tribe of Van­dals be­came the dom­i­nant force. The king­dom of Van­dals on the ter­ri­tory of the mod­ern Tu­nisian ex­isted for 94 years and was marked by the great rise in eco­nomic and so­cial qual­ity of life as the agri­cul­ture and trade were highly de­vel­oped. By the mid­dle of the sixth cen­tury, in 534, the African pos­ses­sions of Van­dals were con­quered by the Byzan­tine Em­pire. The Ot­tomans had es­tab­lished their di­rect rule over Tu­nisia in 1574. Dur­ing their rule the eco­nomic and po­lit­i­cal life of the coun­try de­vel­oped quickly, and the so­cial sphere was mod­ern­ized by nu­mer­ous re­forms, among which spe­cial at­ten­tion was paid to ed­u­ca­tion and cul­ture. The Bey of Tu­nisia ac­knowl­edge French pro­tec­torate and signed the Treaty of Bardo in 1881.

Nev­er­the­less, the sup­port­ers of Tu­nisian in­de­pen­dence and pa­tri­ots more and more of­ten ex­pressed the idea of sovereignty of Tu­nisia. Nu­mer­ous demon­stra­tions and re­sulted in Tu­nisian In­de­pen­dence on March 20, 1956. In July 1957, the con­sti­tu­tional role of the Bey was abol­ished and Habib Bour­guiba be­came the head of state and the First Pres­i­dent of the Repub­lic of Tu­nisia.

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