Con­tri­bu­tion of Ta­jik­istan in Victory in Great Pa­tri­otic War

The Diplomatic Insight - - Contents -

Mr. Sher­ali S. Jononov

O n 22 June 1941, Nazi Ger­many at­tacked the Soviet Union. This news has stirred up the Soviet peo­ple, and as one came to the de­fense of their home­land. Ta­jik­istan sent to the front about 300 thou­sand of their sons and daugh­ters who fought valiantly for Moscow and Len­ingrad, Stal­in­grad, Kursk, Minsk and Kiev as well as the lib­er­a­tion of Europe. The pop­u­la­tion of the repub­lic in those years was about half a mil­lion peo­ple, then went to the front more than 20% of all its in­hab­i­tants or al­most the en­tire adult male pop­u­la­tion, but what is very im­por­tant - in the mil­i­tary of the coun­try there were nu­mer­ous ap­pli­ca­tions for vol­un­tary en­list­ment in the army. In Oc­to­ber 1941 in Ta­jik­istan was formed and sent to the front 20 Moun­tain Cava­lierly Di­vi­sion, soon tak­ing part in the bat­tles of Moscow. Thou­sands of Ta­jiks got a bap­tism dis­tin­guished them­selves in the bat­tles of Moscow, were awarded gov­ern­ment awards. In parts of the Soviet army on var­i­ous fronts hero­ically fought mes­sen­gers of Ta­jik­istan. War­riors-Ta­jiks par­tic­i­pated in the heroic de­fense of Len­ingrad, the Cau­ca­sus moun­tains and in the bat­tles of Kursk and Dnieper. Many of our coun­try­men, for the shown courage and hero­ism was awarded the high ti­tle of Hero of the Soviet Union. He­roes like N. Karabayev, H. Ken­jaev, I. Hamza­yev, D. Az­i­zov, U., Yakubov, B. Davla­tov, K. Kasy­mov, S. Tur­diev, T. Idig­i­tal, F. Akhme­dov, I. Sharipov, S. Amir­shoev, M. Vladimirov, C. Ura­zov, E. Saidov and many oth­ers were born and grew up on Ta­jik soil. In the bat­tles against the Nazi in­vaders took part and our woman. As men, they showed un­prece­dented courage and hero­ism on the fronts as snipers, ra­dio op­er­a­tors, gun­ners, ma­chine gun­ners, nurses. The pi­lot was Muham­mad­janova, Inom Kur­banova, Sao­dat Ali­boeva, Jan­nat Rakhi­mova, Tuhfa Ham­sarieva, Sao­dat Sangi­nova, pa­tri­ots of their home­land, the brave women born in the land of Ta­jik­istan. Dur­ing the years of the Great Pa­tri­otic War, more than 50 thou­sand cit­i­zens of Ta­jik­istan were awarded or­ders and medals,

57 of them be­came He­roes of the Soviet Union, 19 - knights of the Or­der of Glory of three de­grees.

In late 1941, the Repub­lic launched the for­ma­tion of the 98th sep­a­rate, 99th in­fantry and 104th cav­alry brigades. Later on the ter­ri­tory of Ta­jik­istan was formed and sent to the front some more joints and parts - 61st cav­alry di­vi­sion, 31st in­de­pen­dent Ta­jik bat­tal­ion of ma­chine gun­ners and oth­ers. Mil­i­tary schools evac­u­ated in Stalin­abad from West­ern cities of the coun­try - Kharkov avi­a­tion tech­ni­cal school, the lo­cal mil­i­tary school for air­craft me­chan­ics, the coun­try’s forge mil­i­tary per­son­nel, their sup­plies. Thou­sands of young peo­ple went to the front, pre­pared by spe­cial­ists of the mil­i­tary art, and many such mil­i­tary train­ing helped save not only their lives but also the lives of those for whom they were re­spon­si­ble, serv­ing in the rank of com­man­ders. dis­tin­guished him­self by his hero­ism and courage in the

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