Pak­istan Kyr­gyzs­tan Re­la­tions af­ter Visit of Prime Min­is­ter of Pak­istan

The Diplomatic Insight - - Con­tents - Farhat Asif

This May, we ob­served a com­pre­hen­sive Cen­tral Asian spree or­ga­nized by the Prime Min­is­ter Turk­menistan and then Kyr­gyzs­tan to ex­plore and re­vive the re­la­tions to a bet­ter level. While vis­it­ing the neigh­bor­ing Kyr­gyz Repub­lic, Pak­istani Prime Min­is­ter urged to en­hance part­ner­ship from mere po­lit­i­cal to strate­gic level. Sev­eral meet­ings were held amongst the coun­ter­parts and min­is­te­rial level joint di­a­logues on el­e­vat­ing the re­la­tions from usual po­lit­i­cal to strate­gic part­ner­ship cov­er­ing all ar­eas of bi­lat­eral re­la­tions. Dur­ing Prime Min­is­ter of Pak­istan’s stay in Cap­i­tal Bishkek, he held sev­eral meet­ings with his coun­ter­part and Pres­i­dent of Kyr­gyzs­tan and dis­cussed ways and means to en­hance co­op­er­a­tion be­tween the two coun­tries in dif­fer­ent ar­eas of mu­tual in­ter­est par­tic­u­lar econ­omy, trade and en­ergy. There was also new av­enues of co­op­er­a­tion were dis­cussed in­clud­ing peace and sta­bil­ity, coun­ter­ing ter­ror­ism, nar­cotics drugs and ex­trem­ism, trade and eco­nomic co­op­er­a­tion, and re­gional in­te­gra­tion. Along with dis­cus­sion, two most im­por­tant agree­ments were also signed one was about com­bat­ing co­op­er­ate in pre­ven­tion of nat­u­ral dis­as­ters. The agree­ment of co­op­er­a­tion part­ner­ship be­tween both the coun­tries to erad­i­cate the men­ace from the root since both coun­tries are hav­ing strong roots of drugs trans­port. On the other hand, Pak­istan has an ex­pe­ri­ence of deal­ing with nat­u­ral dis­as­ters and agree­ment about pre­ven­tion of nat­u­ral calami­ties is done in or­der to boost co­op­er­a­tion be­tween the coun­tries to come for­ward and learn from ex­pe­ri­ences hence build­ing strength­ened com­mu­ni­ties and so­ci­eties in both states. To speed up the process to en­hance the part­ner­ship in en­ergy sec­tor, both sides show sat­is­fac­tion on all im­por­tant agree­ments re­gard­ing CASA-1000( Cen­tral Asia-South Asia) project has also been con­cluded dur­ing the visit. As Pak­istan is hav­ing its eco­nomic growth heav­ily de­pen­dent on elec­tric­ity so CASA-1000 could help to meet its en­ergy needs. Both states also share vi­sion of hav­ing peace and sta­bil­ity in the re­gion, about coun­ter­ing ter­ror­ism, eco­nomic em­pow­er­ment and re­gional in­te­gra­tion. The two sides also dis­cussed ways of re­al­iz­ing full po­ten­tial of our rich hu­man and ma­te­rial re­sources, through ex­pand­ing trade, in­creas­ing in­vest­ments, im­prov­ing in­fra­struc­ture, build­ing road and rail links, and en­hanc­ing en­ergy col­lab­o­ra­tion.

While glanc­ing through his­tory of re­la­tions be­tween Pak­istan and Kyr­gyzs­tan, one can visit a sea change in re­la­tions from be­ing just friendly to the level of strate­gic part­ner­ship. Sev­eral agree­ments of co­op­er­a­tion in agree­ment of co­op­er­a­tion be­tween the news agen­cies of both coun­tries and open­ing of branch of Pak­istani bank in the cap­i­tal are few of the land­marks in the na­ture of re­la­tions, which are build­ing steadily and smoothly with­out any fric­tion or chal­lenge. Both coun­tries also share an­cient his­tory, faith, tra­di­tions, val­ues, cul­tures, sim­i­lar­ity in lan­guages and love of peo­ple from both sides. Be­ing mem­bers of the in­ter­na­tional and re­gional or­ga­ni­za­tions in­clud­ing UN, ECO and oth­ers, both states sup­port each other on var­i­ous global and re­gional is­sues.

Pak­istan is also aim­ing to join as a full mem­ber to Shang­hai Co­op­er­a­tion Or­ga­ni­za­tion while Kyr­gyzs­tan as a found­ing mem­ber has its own ap­pli­ca­tion and will to join the or­ga­ni­za­tion. On sev­eral oc­ca­sions, lead­er­ship of Kyr­gyzs­tan al­ways en­dorsed Pak­istan’s po­si­tions in the or­ga­ni­za­tion. Pak­istan highly val­ues its pres­ence in the or­ga­ni­za­tion and re­gional or­ga­ni­za­tions to have con­nec­tion with to en­hance part­ner­ship and de­vel­op­ing mul­ti­lay­ered re­la­tions of the mem­ber coun­tries es­pe­cially with those which are found­ing mem­bers and re­gional part­ners. Prime Min­is­ter of Pak­istan also re­it­er­ated the de­sire to seek sup­port from Kyr­gyzs­tan to sup­port Pak­istan’s mem­ber­ship in up­com­ing Sum­mit in Ufa, Rus­sia.

It is also worth to men­tion here that gov­ern­ment of Kyr­gyzs­tan also showed

keen in­ter­est in the joint Pak­istanAfghanistan Tran­sit Trade agree­ment, as it will con­nect the land­locked coun­try to the emerg­ing lu­cra­tive mar­kets and trad­ing routes of South Asia and be­yond. Kyr­gyzs­tan is also go­ing to be­come mem­ber of Cus­toms Union of Rus­sia, Be­larus and Kaza­khstan which will again pro­vide Pak­istani en­trepreneurs ac­cost to not only Kyr­gyz mar­kets but Euro­pean mar­kets also. Along with this, Kyr­gyzs­tan is also in­ter­ested to have a quadri­lat­eral tran­sit trade agree­ment with China, Pak­istan and Kaza­khstan hence mak­ing the re­gion trade con­nec­tiv­ity to a higher level. Since Pak­istan is a tran­sit route for land­locked Cen­tral Asian Republics for trade and com­merce with South Asia and be­yond through sea and land links and with the ad­vent of China-Pak­istan Eco­nomic Cor­ri­dor project, Pak­istan will be­come hub of trade to and from Cen­tral Asia, Afghanistan and Iran along with the ac­cess to East Asian mar­kets and be­yond. Pak­istan and Kyr­gyzs­tan has de­vel­oped deep rooted part­ner­ship and hence based on con­ge­nial­ity of in­ter­ests and col­lab­o­ra­tive growth through bet­ter re­gional in­te­gra­tion. Pak­istan has ex­tended a credit of 10 mil­lion USD to the gov­ern­ment of Kyr­gyzs­tan to help build the Phar­ma­ceu­ti­cal man­u­fac­tur­ing plant in Bishkek in 1991. This was a sup­port that the then gov­ern­ment of Pak­istan ex­tended to the broth­erly coun­try to re­build the state. It is also to note here that at the re­quest of the gov­ern­ment of Kyr­gyzs­tan, even Gov­ern­ment of Pak­istan resched­uled the credit re­im­burse­ment. An­other land­mark achieve­ment over the years is open­ing of the branch of Na­tional Bank in Bishkek in 2002. The aim was re­la­tions be­tween Pak­istan and Kyr­gyzs­tan” and soon af­ter its open­ing unit of the bank. Na­tional Bank also of­fered nor­mal pre­par­ing project for the bankers of Kyr­gyz Repub­lic.

Sev­eral hun­dreds of Pak­istani ex­pa­tri­ate com­mu­nity is liv­ing in the coun­try. There are num­ber of stu­dents who are study­ing in sev­eral uni­ver­si­ties of the coun­try. Most of them are en­gaged Ac­cord­ing to one es­ti­mate, there are 2000 Pak­ista­nis liv­ing in Kyr­gyzs­tan. Such a large num­ber of Pak­istan ex­pa­tri­ates are not only strength­en­ing the econ­omy of Kyr­gyzs­tan but also are play­ing an im­por­tant in build­ing bridges be­tween Bishkek and Is­lam­abad. Pak­istan has also ar­ranged train­ings for 60 young and mid-ca­reer diplo­mats at the For­eign Ser­vices Academy in Is­lam­abad. Pak­istan has also ex­tended help to Kyr­gyz na­tional un­der the Tech­ni­cal As­sis­tance pro­gram in the money, English di­alect and postal ad­min­is­tra­tions, and so on.

Now, as we have lined up all the ba­sic facts and sev­eral ar­gu­ments about the re­la­tions be­tween Pak­istan and Kyr­gyzs­tan, it is time now to make the agree­ments on pages to be ma­te­ri­al­ized with full vigor and zest. Prac­ti­cal ap­proach to diplo­macy is re­quired where much faith should be given to the in­volve­ment of Busi­ness com­mu­nity, pro­fes­sion­als, en­trepreneurs and oth­ers so­cial ac­tivist to come for­ward and join hands and work to­gether.

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