“If there would have been no OBOR, China still would like to develop this project of CPEC”
his month, our team managed a session with Professor Liu Debin on 70 years’ celebration of V-Day in China, One Belt, One Road (OBOR) Economic Corridor (CPEC). His views
is Professor of History and International Studies, Dean of the School of International and Public of Associate Vice President, Jilin University, China. He is also Vice President of China National Association of International Studies (CNAIS).
China held peace parade on V-Day to celebrate 70th anniversary of end of WWII, how do you see the impacts of Beijing Peace Parade on Regional Security and Global Peace?
time to remind the world and the West in particular about how long and how against the Japanese invasion into China and some places in East Asia. The WWII in East Asia started earlier and ended later than any other part of the world, and the majority of the Japanese forces were bogged down in Parade advocates the strength of China and its emerging role as a responsible power to support global peace and security and international development. It can be imagined in 1920s and 1930s if there would have been presence of strong China, the Japanese aggression in East Asia could have been prevented. In another word, the weakness of China has resulted in the chaos and disorder of the whole East Asia. Thirdly, the parade has shown the strength, determination and coherence of peaceful China that has been transformed from a fragile state after war sufferings into an integrated and endurable power to safeguard the world peace and security. Furthermore President Xi Jinping’s announcement to reduce 300,000 troops endorses China’s commitment to peace. It would also set an example for the world leaders to get inspiration for dividend of peace.
In your observation how the Chinese people’s war of resistance against foreign aggression transformed Chinese culture, history and society? (For our readers information Prof. Dr. Liu Debin is native of Changchun, a city that was capital of Manchukuo the puppet state created by the Imperial Japan in aftermath of Manchurian crisis)
Primarily being native of this city we suffered a lot and I would say that people of Northeast China were agonized longer than the other parts of China. However, we aspire for a peaceful, cooperative and lasting friendship between the two countries. Secondly, I think essentially the campaign against the Japanese aggression promoted the formation and strengthen the modern Chinese nationalism. This external aggression offered us an opportunity to unite together again since the collapse against fascist forces.
Joseph Nye introduced the concept of Soft Power and Public Diplomacy, do you agree with him and how do you visualize these concepts from Chinese perspective? Is Chinese Soft Power similar to that of introduced by Nye or somewhat different?
Soft power is a very interesting and relatively new concept in Postwar International Relations. Joseph Nye characterized Power into Hard Power and Soft Power and set up a new approach for research. I also accomplished my doctoral dissertation around the categorization of American Soft Power. Contrary to this, the notion of Soft Power varies in different regions and nations depending on the source. We indeed learned from Nye’s concept and we paid considerable attention on Soft Power and Public Diplomacy studies, but different countries have will easily locate the differences of Chinese Soft Power from many discussions, publications, seminars and conferences. For example, some scholars argued that the Chinese model of economic development and poverty reduction (1/4th of the population) can be characterized as source of Chinese Soft Power. Akin to this, discipline,