Pak­istan and Al­liances: From Cold War to Con­tem­po­rary Strate­gic Partnerships

The Diplomatic Insight - - News -

The par­tic­i­pa­tion of a strong Pak­istani con­tin­gent in China’s World War II me­mo­rial pa­rade is not the con­tin­gent es­sen­tially sug­gests a close al­liance be­tween Pak­istan and China. The al­liance has rou­tinely been de­scribed both by the Pak­istani and Chi­nese lead­ers in catchy lyrics like ‘re­li­able, all-weather, and iron broth­ers’ since the Septem­ber1965 war. Though China is­sued ultimatum to In­dia and was short of armed in­ter­ven­tion, it was be­lieved then and now that the ultimatum de­terred In­dian to at­tack former East-Pak­istan. The al­liance is per­ceived both in Is­lam­abad and Bei­jing im­por­tant for the peace and pros­per­ity of South Asia and a strong safe­guard against hege­monism in South Asia. On the oc­ca­sion of China WWII vic­tory pa­rade, it is per­ti­nent to in­ves­ti­gate Bei­jing’s poli­cies to South Asia. Un­doubt­edly, China has emerged on the world with a bang. The Chi­nese progress and de­vel­op­ment is heard loudly and ubiq­ui­tously. The world around it wants to em­u­late its progress and de­vel­op­ment. Many con­sider it a role model, in­clud­ing our own se­cu­rity elites. In­deed, China can’t be ig­nored. world stage is be­lieved to be a ma­jor power al­ready. Pak­istan, a weak Is­lamic state, which some­times af­fects Chi­nese se­cu­rity, con­sid­ers the al­liance with Bei­jing re­li­able and time-hon­oured, while Wash­ing­ton a fair–weather and un­re­li­able part­ner. This war­rant some rewrit­ing on Pak­istan-China al­liances. The lit­er­a­ture, mainly pro­duced in the of the Pak­istan-China al­liance. In their writ­ings they be­lieve Xin­jiang sep­a­ratism, at­tacks on Chi­nese in Pak­istan is more prom­i­nent than the se­cu­rity and mil­i­tary co­op­er­a­tion it­self. Though, they are not en­tirely true, it is un­ten­able that they are en­tirely wrong. There is an el­e­ment of truth as well as an el­e­ment of un­bri­dled ex­ag­ger­a­tion. In­deed Xin­jiang and sep­a­ratism is a con­stant worry for the pas­time, the al­liance has been grow­ing and sus­tain­ing de­spite those chal­lenges. Equally, the writ­ings in this coun­try are prob­lem­atic too: things have been highly ex­ag­ger­ated, fre­quently based on pro­pa­ganda. The Al­liance has been heav­ily loaded with catchy terms, of­ten lead­ing to ex­ag­ger­a­tion in the co­op­er­a­tion and down­plays the mu­tual chal­lenges. The re­la­tion­ship among states can’t be based on hy­per­bolic or po­etic terms. How­ever, this is nor­mally the prac­tice in Pak­istan, when it comes to the re­la­tion­ship with China. Where lies the truth? Where we should go from here? This short memo is an at­tempt to di­vulge the pat­terns in Pak­istanChina al­liance. It seeks to an­swer: is a Pak­istan-China al­liance chang­ing and how? Has the orig­i­nal ra­tio­nale un­der­gone a change and if so to what ex­tent?

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