Country Specific Relations of Pakistan with Commonwealth of Independent States
Commonwealth of Independent States was established right after the collapse of Soviet Union as a loose association of states formed with an agreement on 8 December 1991. At the very onset, the organization was comprised of Russia and 11 other republics that were previously part of the Soviet Union. The leaders of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus signed the agreement forming the new association hence replacing USSR. The three other Slavic Republics later joined the consortium along with the Transcaucasian Republics of Azerbaijan, Armenia and Georgia. founded on 21 December. 1991. The administrative center of CIS is located in Minsk, Capital city of Belarus. This year in 2015, the organization will mark its 24th anniversary. Since its inception and independence of the republics, Pakistan has warm relations with all the CIS countries. Pakistan recognized the independence of these states sooner and began to adopt foreign policy objectives of creating lasting relationship with people of the region. During the course of history, several high level visits were done to the countries and several numbers of agreements based on the economic, social, political, educational, sport, information technology, science, energy and others have been signed so far to enhance partnerships with countries hence bringing the dividends to the nation. Large number of diaspora living in these states is earning good will for the states and Pakistan. Some of them are students, few of them are businessmen and are trying to build the partnership to much lasting levels. Although critics are vary of the fact organization but the countries which are member of this structure are important for Pakistan. CIS was devised to serve for further the development and strengthening the bond of friendship, good neighborhood, inter-ethnic harmony, trust, mutual understanding and mutually advantageous cooperation among member states. The objectives and missions are well mentioned in its charter adopted during the inception of the organization. Several other structures was devised to give a new shape to the CIS as an organization but due to the several reasons, the association failed to reach the objectives and aims, set during its earlier years. Keeping in view the context of Pakistan, quite recently, we have observed a height of activity including several high level travels from CIS member states growing need from the both sides the urgency of developing deep rooted links at the wake of new world order. The neo-regionalism is on the rise where the powerhouses are being shifted from being bipolar world to a multipolar world. The non-state actors especially the international organizations have political competition for gaining access other hand, these old Soviet States had recently got rid of their shackles of the USSR and hence are expanding their selves to the outside for collaboration and cooperation. The CIS is a loose association of states. Although the CIS has few supranational powers, it is aimed at being more than a purely symbolic organization, nominally possessing coordinating lawmaking, and security. It has also promoted cooperation on crossborder crime prevention. Furthermore, eight of the nine CIS member states participate in the CIS Free Trade Area, Economic Union, a customs union and common market of over 180 million people. In addition, six member states participate in a mutual defence alliance: the Collective Security Treaty Organization. Let us begin by sharing how far Pakistan’s relations with each of the member states have grown over the course of these two decades, since the independence of these states.
Spring of relationship between Islamabad and Baku further blossomed when President of Pakistan Mr.Mamnoon Hussain visited visit to brotherly country. The love was in the air and congeniality of relations took new shape and heights during and after the visit. Four MoUs of bilateral cooperation were signed while President Mamnoon Hussain had also conferred Pakistan’s highest civil award of “Hilal-e-Pakistan” upon the First Lady of Azerbaijan, Madam Mehriban Aliyeva, in recognition of her services to the people of Pakistan and continuous humanitarian work, spanning over a decade, by her organization “Hyder Aliyev Foundation” in Kashmir and other parts of Pakistan. President of Pakistan was also given honorary doctorate degree in recognition of the outstanding contributions to enhancing friendship and cooperation. Ambassadors of both countries Mr.Dashgin Shikarov and Mr.Khalid Usman Qaiser also deserve the praise for their outstanding contribution for making this visit a success, for both countries. Several high level talks and Azerbaijan including business forum and discussions were done to expand bilateral cooperation in diverse sectors particularly trade, economy and strategic partnership of both countries at various levels. President of Pakistan was accompanied by the Federal Minister of different ministries and around forty