UN Re­forms: The Is­sue of Peace­keep­ing

The Diplomatic Insight - - Contents -

The is­sue of re­forms of the United Na­tions (UN) has been in de­bate for quite some time, and was re­cently brought up again with fresh rigor af­ter the G4 coun­tries meet­ing com­pris­ing of In­dia, Ger­many, Ja­pan and Brazil called time frame”. Held in Septem­ber in New York, at the meet­ing, the G4 ex­pressed dis­ap­point­ment dur­ing the meet­ing that no sub­stan­tial progress has been made in the last ten years on the is­sue. Since the late 1990s there have been many calls for re­form of the UN, de­spite the fact that there is al­most no clar­ity or con­sen­sus on what re­form­ing means. The call for re­forms does not im­ply that the UN has un­der­gone no change at all since in­cep­tion. In fact, the UN has un­der­gone sev­eral re­forms since 1945. The calls for UN re­forms in the 21st cen­tury in­clude ques­tions of Se­cu­rity Coun­cil re­forms to trans­parency of the UN Sec­re­tar­iat to hu­man rights to peace­keep­ing. While speak­ing of re­forms of the UN, the is­sue of peace­keep­ing op­er­a­tions also needs a closer look. Peace­keep­ing some of the most im­por­tant ob­jec­tives of the UN; have evolved in the past four decades, and have as­sumed an in­ter­na­tional role in main­te­nance of peace in the in­ter­na­tional com­mu­nity. UN Peace­keep­ing be­gan in 1948 when the Se­cu­rity Coun­cil au­tho­rized the de­ploy­ment of UN ob­servers to West Asia. The role of the mis­sion was to mon­i­tor the Armistice Agree­ment be­tween Is­rael and its Arab neigh­bours, which was known as the United Na­tions Truce Su­per­vi­sion Or­ga­ni­za­tion (UNTSO). In 2015, there are a to­tal of 16 UN peace­keep­ing op­er­a­tions across the globe. While there re­main sev­eral analy­ses on rights’ vi­o­la­tions by peace­keep­ing forces to the tooth­less na­ture of peace­keep­ing forces, what has not been fre­quently an­a­lysed is the is­sue of how the op­er­a­tions are troops. Th­ese two most ba­sic aspects im­pli­ca­tions for the op­er­a­tions. If a closer look at sta­tis­tics for UN peace­keep­ing is taken for the year 2015, it is seen that de­vel­oped coun­tries like the U.S., Ja­pan, France, Ger­many and the United King­dom are the big­gest Ethiopia, In­dia, Pak­istan and Rwanda are

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