The Diplomatic Insight - - Editor's Note -

Au­ton­o­mous Soviet So­cial­ist Re­pub­lic of Nakhchy­van, and in 1944 was trans­ferred the state se­cu­rity bod­ies. H.Aliyev re­mained at the high­est ranks of Com­mu­nist Party –mem­ber of Po­lit­i­cal Bu­reau and the First Deputy Prime Min­is­ter of the USSR. But later as a sign of protest to the poli­cies of the Po­lit­i­cal Bu­reau of the Cen­tral Com­mit­tee of the Soviet Union’s Com­mu­nist Party, re­signed from his post. In 1991 the Re­pub­lic of Azer­bai­jan pro­claimed its in­de­pen­dence. First years of the newly born state was cru­cial – ag­gres­sion of Ar­me­nia, col­lapsed econ­omy, un­em­ploy­ment, sky­rock­et­ing reached a peak level. The coun­try was at verge of civil war. At that par­tic­u­lar time peo­ple of Azer­bai­jan de­manded to bring Hey­dar Aliyev to power. Hey­dar Aliyev, con­sid­er­ing ad­ver­sity of his nation, ac­cepted the re­quest and re­turned to great politics in Azer­bai­jan. The re­turn of Hey­dar Aliyev brought hope and joy for his coun­try­men. On 15 June 1993, Hey­dar Aliyev headed the par­lia­ment and later was elected a Pres­i­dent of Azer­bai­jan on na­tional elec­tions with over­whelm­ing ma­jor­ity. For achiev­ing his dreams and goals for his coun­try and his coun­try­men, Hey­dar Aliyev uti­lized his all ef­forts and en­er­gies to put the coun­try on the path of eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment. He was in­stru­men­tal in iden­ti­fy­ing that the nation’s oil and gas re­sources po­ten­tial could be the key in se­cur­ing the in­de­pen­dence and suc­cess­ful eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment of Azer­bai­jan fol­low­ing the coun­try’s suc­ces­sion from the Soviet Union. The vi­sion­ary leader made the ma­jor pow­ers to in­vest and par­tic­i­pate in Azer­bai­jan’s oil ex­plo­ration and de­vel­op­ment thus with Euro­pean coun­tries, US and Turkey. Dur­ing pres­i­dency of Hey­dar

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