Where the Saudis are head­ing?

The Diplomatic Insight - - Editor's Note -

fter more than six decades, Riyadh will wit­ness the trans­fer of the throne from the fa­ther to son un­like the pre­vi­ous prece­dence of a brother to brother. Even­tu­ally, this nom­i­na­tion for crown prince in May 2017 has been seen with awe and won­ders and re­ceived large scale at­ten­tion of the global panorama. King­dom of Saudi Ara­bia was formed by Ab­dul Aziz (son of Saud) in 1932, thanks to the dis­cov­ery of oil in 1938 that strength­ened this nascent monar­chy that added more wealth to its power and the Mid­dle East­ern and Gulf re­gion.

The New Be­gin­ning

With the demise of Ab­dul Aziz bin Saud in 1953, the monar­chy turned to the king­dom of broth­ers as af­ter King Saud (the only fa­ther to son suc­ces­sion), Faisal, Khalid, Fa­had, Ab­dul­lah and the in­cum­bent Sal­man, pat­tern sup­ported afore­said suc­ces­sion. How­ever, this prece­dent and well es­tab­lished norm of the royal fam­ily has been al­tered in fa­vor of Muham­mad bin Sal­man. The ear­lier con­tender to the throne, Muham­mad bin Nayef had a key role mil­i­tancy in KSA by ac­quir­ing the key po­si­tion of in­te­rior min­is­ter and in­tel­li­gence chief is be­lieved to take rest and pay least in­ter­est in fu­tur­is­tic Saudi politics and its gov­ern­men­tal af­fairs. This short memo is de­rived to have a ver­ti­cal anal­y­sis of th­ese de­vel­op­ments and dis­cuss pos­si­ble chang­ing dy­nam­ics of the do­mes­tic and re­gional politics. Saudi monar­chy has been a typ­i­cal ex­am­ple of ab­so­lute monar­chies. Among 22 Arab states in Mid­dle East and North African Re­gion, Saudi Ara­bia stands sec­ond largest only af­ter Al­ge­ria as far as the ter­ri­to­rial size in entire Arab world is con­cerned. Be­sides this, it’s been the big­gest oil pro­duc­ing the Arab world. Presently, it owns 1.4 tril­lion US$ of entire as­sets. It prefers in its sep­a­rate and unique Arab iden­tity than its Mus­lim iden­tity. Re­cent Arab Is­lamic Amer­i­can sum­mit which was held in May 2017 is a case in point. Pre­vi­ously dur­ing the 1950s, onus of the Arab lead­er­ship lied on Egypt led by Ja­mal Ab­dul Nasir. He hap­pened to be a strong be­liever of an ide­ol­ogy what fa­mously came to be re­ferred as Nasserism which later raised the move­ment of Pan-Ara­bism or Arab

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