The 100 years af­ter the Oc­to­ber Rev­o­lu­tion

The Diplomatic Insight - - Editor's Note -

his month marks the 100th an­niver­sary of the Rus­sian Rev­o­lu­tion of Oc­to­ber 1917. As we in the United States try to imag­ine a rev­o­lu­tion­ary op­po­si­tion to the U.S. im­pe­ri­al­ist sys­tem a great ap­pre­ci­a­tion of the achieve­ments of the Rus­sian rev­o­lu­tion and the Soviet Union is a crit­i­cal part of our rev­o­lu­tion­ary fu­ture. The Rus­sian rev­o­lu­tion cre­ated the that sur­vived the world im­pe­ri­al­ist coun­ter­rev­o­lu­tion. The Bol­she­vik Party united front of par­ties that seized power from the re­ac­tionary feu­dal Tsar in the Fe­bru­ary rev­o­lu­tion of 1917. Then in Oc­to­ber 1917 the Bol­she­viks over­threw the forces of cap­i­tal­ism and seized state power from the so­cial demo­cratic Keren­sky gov­ern­ment. The Rus­sian rev­o­lu­tion came to power as an an­ti­war move­ment against the forces in Rus­sia that wanted to con­tinue World War I—one of the great­est im­pe­ri­al­ist blood­baths of all time in which more than 18 mil­lion “workers of the world” were sent to their deaths by the cap­i­tal­ist gov­ern­ments of Europe with strong sup­port from their “so­cial­ist” par­ties. The Bol­she­vik Party and Soviet State built its own mil­i­tary and po­lice, de­fended them­selves against ex­ter­nal and in­ter­nal cap­i­tal­ist at­tack, and sur­vived in a hos­tile world for 72 years—a true mir­a­cle against all odds. From the per­spec­tive of the world’s ex­ploited and op­pressed peo­ple this was a pro­found achieve­ment in human his­tory and of­fered them an op­ti­mistic vi­sion of their own fu­ture. The day be­fore the suc­cess­ful Oc­to­ber rev­o­lu­tion the entire world was ruled by the U.S. and Euro­pean colo­nial and im­pe­ri­al­ist pow­ers. But the day af­ter the Rus­sian Rev­o­lu­tion the com­mu­nists cre­ated a new po­lit­i­cal mo­men­tum and ma­te­rial bal­ance of forces that captured the imag­i­na­tion of workers and anti-colo­nial move­ments all over In­dian in­de­pen­dence vic­tory of 1947, the Chi­nese rev­o­lu­tion of 1949, the Cuban rev­o­lu­tion of 1959, African in­de­pen­dence move­ments in Ghana, the Congo, Guinea Bis­sau, Kenya, and Tanzania, the Viet­namese rev­o­lu­tion from 1945 un­til its vic­tory in 1975, and the South African in­de­pen­dence move­ment against apartheid cul­mi­nat­ing in the vic­tory of 1994. The Soviet Union was a great friend of Black peo­ple in the United States and the pro-Soviet Com­mu­nist Party of the United States (CPUSA) at­tracted some U.S. his­tory—Richard Wright, Clau­dia Jones, Harry Hay­wood, W.E.B. DuBois, Paul Robe­son, Wil­liam L. Pat­ter­son and tens of thou­sands of Black share­crop­pers, do­mes­tic workers, auto and steel­work­ers as well. In 1951, in the midst of a fe­ro­cious U.S. war against com­mu­nists all over the world, Black com­mu­nists Pat­ter­son, DuBois, and Robe­son pro­duced the his­toric and still pre­scient We Charge Geno­cide: The His­toric Pe­ti­tion to the United Na­tions for Re­lief of a Crime Against the Ne­gro Peo­ple by the United States. A read­ing the painful, egre­gious, and end­less war of the U.S. gov­ern­ment against Black peo­ple and the Black nation to­day. Those of us in the United States who par­tic­i­pated in the great rev­o­lu­tions of the Two Decades of the Six­ties (19551975) were all pro-com­mu­nist and with our own con­cerns and even crit­i­cisms, pro-Soviet. I was blessed to work as Racial Equal­ity and work closely with the Stu­dent Non-Vi­o­lent Co­or­di­nat­ing Com­mit­tee and the Mis­sis­sippi Free­dom Demo­cratic Party. Later, I was an or­ga­nizer with the Ne­wark

Eric Mann Com­mu­nity Union Project and Stu­dents for a Demo­cratic So­ci­ety and worked closely with the Black Pan­ther Party. At that time in his­tory we had a sense of his­tory. We saw the United States as what Dr. King called “the great­est pur­veyor of vi­o­lence in the world” and saw the peo­ples and rev­o­lu­tions of the Third World and the so­cial­ist and com­mu­nist na­tions as our al­lies in a world united front against our own gov­ern­ment. We sup­ported the Cuban rev­o­lu­tion and ap­pre­ci­ated Soviet sup­port for Cuba and hated the U.S. gov­ern­ment and the CIA for work­ing to over­throw the Cuban rev­o­lu­tion. We sup­ported the Viet­namese rev­o­lu­tion and thanked both the Sovi­ets and Chi­nese for try­ing to stop our own gov­ern­ment’s geno­cide against the peo­ple of Viet­nam and con­tribut­ing to the Viet­namese vic­tory as we tried to stop U.S. geno­cide against In­dige­nous and Black peo­ple in­side the U.S. borders as well. To­day, a new gen­er­a­tion of or­ga­niz­ers and those search­ing for rev­o­lu­tion­ary an­swers, es­pe­cially those lead­ing heroic strug­gles in Black, Latino, and In­dige­nous com­mu­ni­ties in the U.S. can ad­vance their work by chal­leng­ing the anti-com­mu­nist lies of the sys­tem, study­ing the great rev­o­lu­tion­ary achieve­ments of the Rus­sian, Chi­nese, Viet­namese, Cuban, and African rev­o­lu­tions, and in par­tic­u­lar on the 100th An­niver­sary of the Rus­sian Rev­o­lu­tion, study Soviet his­tory from the per­spec­tive of its friends and delve into the great work of pro-com­mu­nist Pan African lead­ers Harry Hay­wood, Paul Robe­son and W.E.B. DuBois. Our only hope is to sit­u­ate our­selves in the long con­tin­uum of rev­o­lu­tion­ary ex­per­i­ments with a sense of deep ap­pre­ci­a­tion and the most pro­found op­po­si­tion to the crimes of the U.S. gov­ern­ment through­out its his­tory that con­tinue to­day

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from Pakistan

© PressReader. All rights reserved.