Shang­hai Co­op­er­a­tion Or­ga­ni­za­tion- Af­ter Sochi

The Diplomatic Insight - - Editor's Note -

hang­hai Co­op­er­a­tion Or­ga­ni­za­tion, since its in­cep­tion in 2001, has trans­formed it­self re­gional group­ing that is re­shap­ing the eco­nomic and se­cu­rity land­scape for the entire mem­ber coun­tries of the fo­rum. The re­cent 16th Council of Heads of Gov­ern­ment meet­ing took place at Sochi (Rus­sia) un­der the chair­man­ship of Rus­sian Fed­er­a­tion wherein all the Head of Gov­ern­ments of mem­ber states were present to at­tend, dis­cuss and di­a­logue about var­i­ous is­sues re­lated to im­proved de­vel­op­ment of the or­ga­ni­za­tion, en­hanced en­gage­ment of the mem­ber coun­tries, trans­for­ma­tion in trade re­la­tions, eco­nomic, hu­man­i­tar­ian ties along with the key fo­cus on the progress to­wards the issue of peace and se­cu­rity in the re­gion. Pak­istan af­ter their ac­ces­sion in June this year. With the pres­ence of Pak­istan and In­dia, the po­ten­tial of SCO has been in­creased the chances for the re­gion to see con­ver­gence for in­ter­est in the ar­eas of re­gional peace and se­cu­rity by for the di­ver­gences amongst the key play­ers. How­ever, there is still a need to broaden the hori­zon of SCO to ex­pand the ar­eas of co­op­er­a­tion and build­ing part­ner­ships with not only among the mem­bers’ states but with ob­servers, di­a­logue part­ners and other in­ter­na­tional or­ga­ni­za­tions as well. The or­ga­ni­za­tion has also added its fo­cus on hav­ing not only peace and se­cu­rity as its pri­or­ity area but eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment and col­lab­o­ra­tions too as well to link peace and de­vel­op­ment to­gether. Hav­ing 20 % of the world’s GDP, 75% of world’s en­ergy re­sources and cover­ing 42 % of the world pop­u­la­tions with four de­clared nu­clear pow­ers, Shang­hai Co­op­er­a­tion Or­ga­ni­za­tion(SCO) was es­tab­lished in 2001 as in­ter­gov­ern­men­tal or­ga­ni­za­tion of 18 coun­tries, with cur­rently hav­ing 8 per­ma­nent mem­bers in­clud­ing Rus­sia, China, Uzbek­istan, Kaza­khstan, Ta­jik­istan, Kyr­gyzs­tan, Pak­istan and In­dia while Afghanistan, Be­larus, Iran and Mon­go­lia are ob­server states with six ‘di­a­logue part­ners’ that in­clude Turkey, Azer­bai­jan, Ar­me­nia, Cam­bo­dia, Nepal and Sri Lanka. Apart from hav­ing pri­mary fo­cus on se­cu­rity, the SCO has ex­cep­tional po­ten­tial for deeper eco­nomic op­por­tu­ni­ties between mem­ber states. With emer­gence of One Belt, One Road Ini­tia­tive of 1 Tril­lion USD in mul­ti­ple projects for build­ing com­mu­ni­ca­tions in­fra­struc­tures across the South Asia, Rus­sia and Europe, this or­ga­ni­za­tion is hav­ing mul­ti­far­i­ous op­por­tu­ni­ties for Pak­istan. With rise in the strength of Eurasian Eco­nomic Union hav­ing GDP of over 4 tril­lion mount­ing high in the world. Af­ter the op­er­a­tional­i­sa­tion of China Pak­istan Eco­nomic Cor­ri­dor project, in­crease in ties with Rus­sia, ex­tra­di­tion treaty between Pak­istan and Uzbek­istan for in­fras­truc­tural con­nec­tions, CASA1000, Turk­menistan-Afghanistan, Pak­istan In­dia(TAPI) pipe­line project, Iran Pak­istan In­dia (IPI) project, func­tion­ing of Al­maty-Karachi road via the Karako­rams (Al­maty-BishkekKash­gar-Islamabad-Karachi net­work) are few of the ex­am­ples of what the re­gion is mov­ing to­wards and i.e.

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