Indian farmers march against agrarian crisis
Thousands of Indian farmers marched to the parliament in the capital, Delhi, to emphasize the heightening agrarian crisis. They assembled demanding better crop prices, drought relief and loan waivers. Indian agriculture has been destroyed by a diminishing water table and deteriorating productivity for decades. This is the fourth such farmers' dissent in the preceding year. Farmers are an important section of the society in India who forms an important voting coalition in the country. Experts are of the opinion that farmers dissatisfaction could hurt the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party in next year's general election.
One of their major demands is a unique special parliamentary session to discuss solutions to the agrarian crisis, as well a full loan waiver and higher crop prices. 50 percent of India's population works on farms, but farming contributes only 15 percent to the India's GDP. The farmers, as well as women, have come from different parts of India. In most states, governments have been less quick in paying the farmers more for their crops. The federal government fixed the price for produce and acquires crops from farmers to stimulate production and guarantee income support. Most Indian farmers fight with debt owed to banks and money lenders. About 300,000 farmers have killed themselves since 1995. Daughters, wives and other family members of farmers who seized their own lives over crop downfall or increasing debt are also joining in the protest. Most of the protesters are also members of the farmers' wing of the Communist Party of India. They assembled at a gigantic public ground that is often used for political rallies. They started marching towards the parliament. Many young doctors and medical students joined the farmers to show support and to provide them with medical aid. Many lawyers, artists and teachers brought water and food, as well as publicity material to protest on social media. The protest in Delhi is fresh by farmers in recent years. In March, thousands of farmers from the western state of Maharashtra had walked 100 miles to Mumbai city in support of identical demands. Last year, farmers from the southern state of Tamil Nadu displayed human skulls and held live mice in their mouths to invite notice to their difficulties. Anumber of opposition leaders, including Congress party president Rahul Gandhi and Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal, addressed the distressing farmers. Declining government investment in agriculture, research and expenditure led to a high dependence on private sources for inputs, markets and credit. Each year, millions of small farmers endured due to meager irrigation facilities that reduces the yield and leads farmers into a fatal course of debt and suicides.
Some 50,000 people marched in the eastern city of Kolkata in solidarity with farmers. In March, thousands of women farmers marched into Mumbai alongside their male fellow in March, demanding of their rights over forest and farmland. Protesters stated implementation of the historic 2006 Forest Rights Act , which was intended to welfare a fifth of India's population, has been hampered by contradictory legislation and an absence of political will.
Indian states have reduced a lot of protective clauses of the Land Acquisition Act of 2013 to quicken up acquisitions for industry and infrastructure. India does not have a strong irrigation infrastructure and many of the country's farmland relies on annual monsoon rains. Since the laws are not sufficiently applied, therefore farmers need greater stronger rights to India. Farmers require not only a title, but also utilization, tenancy and bread and butter rights. The rights of farmers and native people have snatched a doubtful highlight in assembly elections in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh states. Experts say their unhappiness could injure Prime Minister Modi's Hindu nationalist party in the coming state elections. The government refers to push such as enhanced irrigation, crop insurance and electronic trading platforms as proof it has assisted rural Indians, who are about 70 percent of the 1.3 billion populations. The prime minister has pledged to twice as much their income by 2022 but farmers say nothing has transformed for them. India's constitutions of 1950 acknowledge the right to property as a fundamental right. But succeeding laws deserted that right and it were discarded in 1978. No major political party has since made restoration of the right to property a contest issue.
Pakistan's peasantry difficulties tormenting agriculture sector are similar to India. Pakistan industrial labour is safeguarded to large extent by laws fixing management-employee relations, comprising the Industrial Relations Act, social security, EOBI, Workers Welfare Fund, etc. Sufficient legislation or any understandable safety net is available to Pakistan peasantry. The tenant and landless peasantry lack credit for seeds, fertilizer and other inputs. Major crop prices are regulated by governments. It is to be seen whether the governed prices give the grower a living wage. In the event of lack of legislation to protect their rights and arrangements to facilitate cultivation, poor peasants fall to informal money-lending arrangements that are costly and lead to much hardship and even sometimes catastrophes. Pakistan has a minimum wage law, there is no working mechanism of this or any other arrangement to guarantee peasants get resonable wages for their labour. In Pakistan agricultural sector is the rapid rate of urbanization and this is highest in South Asia. There is huge migration to the cities for educational facilities, jobs, and the temptations comforts of a city lifestyle. Pakistan must see the direction in the agriculture sector before it reaches a crisis of India's dimensions. Agriculture is the backbone of Pakistan economy and it needs immediate focus before an India-like disaster falls