education, changes in the legal age for working in some countries and stricter laws brought in to tackle slavery.
Child Labour across the MENA region
From the MENA region, Jordan, Yemen, Egypt, Palestine, and Tunisia feature in many of the statistical tables shown in the report. Young people who are unable to secure decent work frequently find themselves at the margins of society and more vulnerable to violent or risky behaviour. The ILO faces the twin challenges of eliminating child labour and ensuring decent work for today's youth. This is particularly relevant in the MENA region, as it has been proven to be one of the main worries, and a factor that could affect future development for the area. Unemployment can permanently impair the potential of a young person, and can be a very negative influence on future prospects, attitude to employment and earning potential. This lack of decent work has led many youngsters in the region - and in fact from across the globe - to look for opportunities elsewhere, and alongside regional conflict, is a significant factor in the growth of illegal migration. For example, in Jordan, the share of former child labourers with primary (or less) education is five times that of other youth.
Gender gap in MENA region remains a significant factor
As a recurrent factor in our magazine, the gender gap again weighs more heavily on those in our region than elsewhere. The report highlights the fact that in Jordan, 63% of female youth are expected never to transit into employment, against only 3% of male youth. Similar disparities are shown in the accompanying graph, also showing figures for Palestine, Egypt and Tunisia. Adolescents who are working, aged 15 - 17, are more likely to be involved with hazardous jobs - such as working with electricity, gas, mining, manufacturing and construction. The ILO figures from 2012 showed that 47.5 million adolescents are involved in hazardous work, which is 40% of all those in this age gap who are working. Adolescents in this age group make up one quarter of all children involved in child labour. Hazardous labour refers to work that, by its nature or the circumstances in which it takes place, is likely to harm or jeopardise the health, safety or morals of children. The word likely is used so that it is not necessary to prove through research or other