A hog rais­ing scheme for 4P ben­e­fi­cia­ries

Agriculture - - News -

THERE’S AN­OTHER prac­ti­cal way of spend­ing the bil­lions of pe­sos al­lo­cated to the Depart­ment of So­cial Wel­fare and De­vel­op­ment (DSWD) for the 4Ps (Pantawid Pam­ilyang Pilipino Pro­gram) of the gov­ern­ment. The usual norm is to give cash to fam­i­lies so they can send their chil­dren to school, though they have to meet some re­quire­ments. Now, here comes a novel way of help­ing the very poor: by teach­ing the fam­i­lies to raise pigs for sale, with fund­ing from DSWD. The scheme was crafted by Ron­ald Costales, the award-win­ning or­ganic farmer-en­trepreneur who runs his farm in Ma­jay­jay, La­guna.

He came up with a scheme that the DSWD gladly adopted for Re­gion 4 or the Cal­abar­zon area. Un­der the scheme, the 4Ps ben­e­fi­cia­ries are pro­vided with three wean­lings to raise up to mar­ket size. The DSWD pays for the wean­lings, the feeds, sim­ple hous­ing, and the train­ing con­ducted by Costales. No cash is re­leased to the ben­e­fi­cia­ries, only the ma­te­rial in­puts.

The pigs are grown the or­ganic way. And the ben­e­fi­cia­ries are taught to con­coct their own hog feed us­ing lo­cally avail­able ma­te­ri­als. To­tal cost of the pack­age for one ben­e­fi­ciary is about R20,000. The cost in­cludes the three wean­lings, sim­ple hous­ing, feeds, and most im­por­tantly, the train­ing that is pro­vided by Costales.

Grow­ing pigs the or­ganic way can be re­ally prof­itable if the ben­e­fi­cia­ries fol­low the tech­niques of Costales and Jess Domingo, who ini­tially en­rolled in the sem­i­nar con­ducted by Costales Na­ture Farms. Domingo, who is an ac­coun­tant, has proof to bol­ster his claim that he can make a profit of more than R5,000 per head of fat­tener that he raises to a weight of 90 ki­los. His cost of feed (fer­mented for 15 days) is just about R10 per kilo. One fat­tener, he says con­sumes about R3,500 worth of feeds un­til it reaches mar­ket size. The other costs of pro­duc­tion in­clude the cost of wean­lings, la­bor, elec­tric­ity, and some mis­cel­la­neous ex­penses which amount to a lit­tle over R5,000 per head.

When the pigs grown by the ben­e­fi­cia­ries at­tain mar­ketable size—say 80 to 90 ki­los—Costales will buy back the or­gan­i­cally grown pigs at a price that is R10 higher per kilo than the pre­vail­ing price in the mar­ket. In ad­di­tion, Costales will set aside for the farmer R5 per kilo that he buys. This

Fat­ten­ers feed­ing on veg­etable scraps.

Madre de Agua is a nu­tri­tious green feed for pigs.

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