Honey­dew melon

Agriculture - - Contents -

MOST OF US know that honey­dew is round to slightly oval shaped with ei­ther bright yel­low or light green rind color. It is a pop­u­lar crop grown in ar­eas of Re­gion 1, 2, 3, and some ar­eas of Re­gion 4-A and they are be­ing sup­plied to dif­fer­ent public mar­kets in the prov­inces and ma­jor mar­kets of Manila.

Known You Seed Philip­pines, Inc. has a wide se­lec­tion for dif­fer­ent va­ri­eties of honey­dew, but most com­monly planted in the coun­try are Bril­liant, Jade Lady, Sil­ver World, and Ilo­cos Gold. Farm­ers make good in­comes if the weather and mar­ket prices are fa­vor­able, but they al­ways say that to grow crops is not an easy job since farm­ing will never be easy, but it can al­ways be fun and ful­fill­ing.

Through in­no­va­tions and tech­nol­ogy trans­fers, our farm­ers in the Philip­pines have man­aged to make it quite easy. Here are some help­ful tips you can use to start plant­ing honey­dew mel­ons.

Honey­dew is a hot and dry sea­son crop; the fruit grows best in semi-arid cli­mates and their seed ger­mi­nates best at the tem­per­a­ture of 28 to 30º C and grows well at 25 to 35º C. The plant re­quires plenty of sun­shine and enough wa­ter sup­ply from seedling up to har­vest­ing. How­ever, con­tin­u­ous rain or hu­mid­ity will cause prob­lems and re­duce flow­er­ing and fruit set­ting. The area should be ster­il­ized or free from ground dwelling pests and other dis­eases. Con­tin­u­ous crop­ping should be avoided; crop ro­ta­tion is still best to help nur­ture the land and also to pre­vent the oc­cur­rence of soil borne dis­eases.

1. Use qual­ity hy­brid seeds. Soak the seeds in clean wa­ter for 30 min­utes and wrap them in a wet cloth or towel. Place it in an im­pro­vised or cov­ered con­tainer which can keep the tem­per­a­ture within 24-29º C un­til the seeds sprout, 24- 28 hours is enough to ger­mi­nate the seed. Sow it in seedling tray with 104 or 128 holes avail­able in dif­fer­ent sizes from Harbest Agri+Plas). Us­ing com­mer­cially avail­able soil medi­ums, place the me­dia in the seedling tray first and wa­ter im­me­di­ately. Make sure you put enough soil so that when you wa­ter them, the soil will not be de­pleted.

2. Insert 1 pre-ger­mi­nated seed in each hole with the em­bryo down­ward and cover with thin layer of medium and wa­ter it again. If there is no nurs­ery or green­house to pro­tect it from strong wind and heavy rain, plas­tic or fine cover is needed to pro­tect the seedlings.

3. For land prepa­ra­tion, plow and clean the plant­ing area and make a flat bed on sandy soils and a raised bed in sandy loam or clay soils. Use a 1 m bed and a 0.5 m canal. The bed should be 15-20 cm high above the fer­til­ized level. You can use sil­ver-black plas­tic mulch to cover the pre­pared plots.

4. Fer­til­iza­tion per 20 lin­ear me­ter bed. Use 2 sacks of or­ganic mat­ter (pro­cessed chicken dung or any com­mer­cially avail­able or­ganic fer­til­iz­ers), 150 g boron, 4 ki­los of com­plete fer­til­izer (NPK 14-14-14), 1 kg cal­cium ni­trate, and 150 g mag­ne­sium.

• Prac­tice drench­ing for ad­di­tional sup­port of fer­til­iz­ers for growth boost and easy ab­sorp­tion of the plants.

The above fer­til­izer is dis­solved in 16 liters of wa­ter. Ap­ply 150 ml of the so­lu­tion per plant.

5. Ir­ri­ga­tion and drainage. Enough mois­ture is nec­es­sary through­out the early pe­riod. Ir­ri­gate the plants 2-3 times a week to main­tain plant vigor. It is best to with­hold or re­duce wa­ter when fruits reach the full size dur­ing ripen­ing.

6. Honey­dew re­quires prun­ing to im­prove fruit set­ting, fruit qual­ity, and har­vest­ing. Pick off the growing point of the main stem at the 4th true leaf stage. Se­lect 3 good sec­ondary branches then cut off the oth­ers. Cut off the ter­tiary branches within the 4th node of pri­mary branches and save fruits from the 5th or 6th node.

7. For har­vest­ing and han­dling: De­ter­min­ing in­dex of ma­tu­rity (60-70 DAT), no­tice some nets on the bot­tom part of the fruit, color of the rind is full and com­plete, not pale or light. A honey­dew should also feel heavy for its size; the best time to har­vest qual­ity fruits for fresh mar­ket is be­fore it reaches full ma­tu­rity that is about 80% ripe, this method makes shelf life longer. They taste best in 2-3 days after har­vest.

Happy farm­ing!

Bril­liant, Jade Lady, Sil­ver World, and Ilo­cos Gold hon­ey­dews are prod­uct of Known You Seed Philip­pines, Inc. For in­quiries and or­ders, call 0917.320.1689 (Globe) or 0999.968.0630 (Smart and Sun); fax (075) 632-1785; or email kyp@knownyou.com. “Like” us on Face­book at www.face­book.com/kyp168.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from Philippines

© PressReader. All rights reserved.