Agriculture - - Painless Science -

GOOD ROOT DE­VEL­OP­MENT is im­por­tant in the growth of rub­ber seedlings. To ac­com­plish this, the Uni­ver­sity of South­ern Min­danao (USM), to­gether with var­i­ous re­gional agri­cul­tural field of­fices in Min­danao, de­vel­oped the root trainer tech­nol­ogy that can pro­mote bet­ter growth of rub­ber trees.

Root train­ers are specif­i­cally de­signed plas­tic con­tain­ers which have ver­ti­cal ridges in­side to pro­mote growth of roots.

Re­quir­ing less la­bor, the root trainer tech­nol­ogy will en­hance the de­vel­op­ment of straight tap root and many and philo­soph­i­cal ap­proach to agri­cul­ture, which has as its goals the pro­tec­tion and con­ser­va­tion of the land for fu­ture gen­er­a­tions, the pro­duc­tion of high-qual­ity food, the re­turn to many tra­di­tional agri­cul­tural meth­ods, and the har­mo­nious bal­ance with a com­plex se­ries of ecosys­tems. Land, wa­ter, plants, an­i­mals, and peo­ple are all seen as in­ter­linked and in­ter­de­pen­dent” (Anony­mous, en­cy­clo­pe­, en­cy­clo­pe­dia. com).

Too long, too com­pli­cated. The health of the land is linked to the health and fu­ture of the peo­ple. That is im­por­tant. If your soil is healthy, the crops that grow are also healthy. The anony­mous en­cy­clo­pe­dia au­thor says, “Land, wa­ter, plants, an­i­mals, and peo­ple are all seen as in­ter­linked and in­ter­de­pen­dent” – that is a good way of de­scrib­ing or­ganic agri­cul­ture, but there’s no ex­pla­na­tion. Next ref­er­ence, please.

About soil fer­til­ity and pest prob­lems In essence, or­ganic farm­ers man­age soil fer­til­ity… and com­bat pest prob­lems (in­clud­ing in­sects, weeds, fungi, ne­ma­todes, and dis­eases) in a dif­fer­ent way than con­ven­tional farm­ers. Man­age­ment meth­ods may in­clude, for ex­am­ple, changes in in­puts (crop va­ri­eties and live­stock breeds; nu­tri­ents; preda­tors), ro­ta­tions (more and dif­fer­ent crops and live­stock), and tim­ing of ac­tiv­i­ties (plant­ing dates and har­vest­ing dates) (Els Wy­nen, org­

Wy­nen is point­ing out four ma­jor dif­fer­ences be­tween or­ganic agri­cul­ture (OA) and chem­i­cal agri­cul­ture (CA). OA uses (1) a dif­fer­ent type of fer­til­izer; (2) dif­fer­ent crop va­ri­eties; (3) dif­fer­ent crop and live­stock mixes and ro­ta­tions; and (4) changes plant­ing and har­vest­ing dates. OA is more com­pli­cated. But its in­puts and out­puts are health­ier for hu­man bod­ies, crops and live­stock, and the en­vi­ron­ment. OA has bio­di­ver­sity, or a mix of crops, that CA does not have. But the essence of OA is not clear yet. We have to read more.

About nat­u­ral life cy­cle sys­tems Put sim­ply, or­ganic farm­ing is an agri­cul­tural sys­tem that seeks to pro­vide you, the con­sumer, with fresh, tasty and au­then­tic root hairs which al­low the rub­ber plant to with­stand en­vi­ron­men­tal stress af­ter plant­ing. More­over, one whorl of rub­ber plants grown in root trainer is ready for trans­plant­ing in 6-7 months com­pared with the con­ven­tional method of sow­ing one whorl of rub­ber seeds in bud­ded poly­bags which can take 8-10 months.

The root trainer is one of the tech­nolo­gies de­vel­oped un­der the In­dus­try Strate­gic S&T Pro­gram for rub­ber of the Philip­pine Coun­cil for Agri­cul­ture, Aquatic and Nat­u­ral Re­sources Re­search and De­vel­op­ment of the Depart­ment of Science and Tech­nol­ogy (DOSTPCAARRD). food while re­spect­ing nat­u­ral life-cy­cle sys­tems ( phils­

So, or­ganic farm­ing gives us au­then­tic food, that is, food not full of lab­o­ra­tory-made ni­tro­gen, phos­pho­rus, potas­sium, not to men­tion, pes­ti­cide residues.

So, nat­u­ral life-cy­cle sys­tems – for in­stance, you pro­duce com­post as fer­til­izer us­ing earth­worms, wait­ing for those crea­tures to “do their thing” as their na­ture al­lows them.

Three pop­u­lar or­ganic fer­til­iz­ers pre­pared by farm­ers them­selves to­day are the bokashi, fer­mented plant juice (FPJ), and ver­mi­com­post, the last pro­duced by cul­ti­vated earth­worms. Bokashi is added as tea for wa­ter­ing. Both FPJ and ver­mi­com­post are ap­plied to the soil.

The word “or­ganic” means “of, re­lat­ing to, or de­rived from liv­ing or­gan­isms such as “or­ganic mat­ter” ( Amer­i­can Her­itage Dic­tionary, the­free­d­ic­

So, based on all of the above, here’s my highly orig­i­nal and non­tech­ni­cal def­i­ni­tion:

Or­ganic farm­ing is the in­cor­po­ra­tion into the soil of once-liv­ing mat­ter that then pro­vides nat­u­ral nu­tri­ents to crops to grow healthy and thereby pro­duce healthy fruits.

Or­ganic fer­til­izer is okay – if the or­ganic mat­ter con­tent was (1) not grown with chem­i­cal fer­til­iz­ers, (2) not sprayed with chem­i­cal pes­ti­cides, and (3) not ge­net­i­cally mod­i­fied or­gan­ism.

You can pro­duce your own or­ganic fer­til­izer us­ing weeds, stub­ble, crop left­over, leaves, mulch, com­post, ma­nure, or any com­bi­na­tion. Or, you can sim­ply in­cor­po­rate those into the soil via very shal­low cul­ti­va­tion us­ing ro­ta­va­tor blades; this is trash farm­ing.

So, with or­ganic farm­ing, you grow health­ier and more pro­duc­tive crops with­out ad­ding to green­house gases that cause global warm­ing!

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