According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, zoonotic diseases can be transmitted in many ways.
This means you can get sick after touching the bodily fluid or waste of an animal. For instance, diseases from bites and scratches are considered zoonoses transmitted via direct contact.
You may have been bitten by an insect that usually infects other animals with diseases. Ticks and fleas are good examples.
This mode of transmission involves coming into contact with surfaces where animals live and roam, such as aquariums, chicken coops, dishes, and even soil.
Consuming contaminated food, such as dairy, undercooked eggs, meat, and unwashed fruits and vegetables that may have feces particles on it can make you sick from various diseases.