Nais nang magbitiw sa trabaho
MAGANDANG araw po sa Akyon Line. May limang taon na po ako sa trabaho bilang computer engineer. Bagaman mahal ko naman ang aking trabaho, ang problema hindi po talaga nakakasapat sa pagbuhay ng pamilya ang aking sweldo. Gusto ko po sanang mag-resign na sa work this year at para makahanap ng maganda-gandang trabaho na kahit papaano ay may magandang sweldo. Magfa-file po sana ako ng irrevocable resignation. Kailangan po ba i-advise ko ang kumpanya namin o file ko ang resignation letter then diretso alis na sa trabaho? Sana po ay matulungan ako ng DOLE sa aking katanungan. Raymond Velasco A-76 Kaptibahayan Navotas City ❏❏❏ REPLY: The Labor Code requires the employee to give an advance notice to the employer of his intention to resign. The notice of resignation must be in writing and must be served to the employer at least one month prior to the effective date of his resignation.
Resignation notice usually takes the form of a letter (commonly called “resignation letter”) addressed to the employer, expressing the employee’s intention to terminate his employment. It must state the date when resignation is to take effect because of the 30-day notice requirement under the law. It may also contain the reason or justification of the employee for filing his resignation, although legally, this is not important. The employee may resign for whatever reason, or even for no reason at all. Thus, in legal parlance, voluntary resignation is also called “termination by employee without just cause.”
Resignation letter normally contains explicit words expressing employee’s intention to terminate his employment. However, lack of explicit words stating the employees intention to resign is deemed not crucial, as long as the employees intention to resign can be deduced from letter itself
2. My mga na-loan po ako sa kanya sabi niya po ipakukulong niya ako pag hindi ko binayaran.
Ans. Loans or debts can be deducted to the salary with the consent of the employee as cited in Labor Advisory No. 11 series 2014 paragraph 3.
Since the employee shown to be responsible, deduction is allowed
Article 1706 of the Civil Code prohibits deduction of wages except for a debt due.
That could be the options of the employee if he wants to resign but still has loans to be paid, he has to offer a deduction from his salary.
3. Papasok ka ng 8am ng umaga tapos uuwi ka ng 9 or 10pm na gabi wala po kaming overtime.
Ans. It could be his clear ground to file complaint against his employer if the hours spent exceeds from 8 regular working hours - should be paid as overtime. If no payment made from overtime work- complaint shall prosper as possible.
As stated in Book III of the Labor Code :
ART. 87. Overtime work. - Work may be performed beyond eight (8) hours a day provided that the employee is paid for the overtime work, an additional compensation equivalent to his regular wage plus at least twentyfive percent (25%) thereof. Work performed beyond eight hours on a holiday or rest day shall be paid an additional compensation equivalent to the rate of the first eight hours on a holiday or rest day plus at least thirty percent (30%) thereof.
Article 88. par 7. Any employee required to render overtime work under this Article shall be paid the additional compensation required in this Chapter.
He could also file request for inspection for the company to correct the alleged practice. Request for inspection should be done personally at the DOLE field office in the place where the company is located.
I find no reason for imprisonment of debt or loans. Art. III section 20 of the 1987 Phil Constitution assured such provision
Section 20. No person shall be imprisoned for debt or non-payment of a poll tax.cralaw
Yours truly, CATHERINE MARIE E. VILLAFLORES, MDM,
MA, Ed. D. Chief Administrative
Officer DOLE 1349 Hotline Supervisor (Designate) Information and Publication Service Department of Labor and Employment
Central Office Muralla St., Intramuros, Manila 1004 Tel.No. (02) 527-3000
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