DoLE agency flags lack of in­clu­sive­ness in youth em­ploy­ment de­spite job growth

Business World - - Labor & Management - — Gil­lian M. Cortez

THE BU­REAU of Lo­cal Em­ploy­ment (BLE) said that de­spite im­proved em­ploy­ment rates this year, more ef­fort is needed to achieve in­clu­sive growth es­pe­cially among the youth.

“Young peo­ple of­ten do not have the knowl­edge and skills they need to get de­cent jobs and em­ploy­ers find it dif­fi­cult to hire peo­ple with the skills they need,” BLE said in a doc­u­ment ob­tained by Busi­ness­World on Wed­nes­day.

“De­spite high eco­nomic growth, young peo­ple strug­gle to find em­ploy­ment af­ter they leave school,” BLE added.

Cit­ing a study by the International La­bor Or­ga­ni­za­tion (ILO), BLE noted that global youth un­em­ploy­ment has risen the past 10 years, with the global youth un­em­ploy­ment rate ris­ing from 11.6% in 2007 to 13.0% in 2016.

In the Philip­pines, youth un­em­ploy­ment im­proved from 17.6% in 2010 to 14.4% in 2017 but BLE ob­served that un­em­ploy­ment is still ram­pant within the youth sec­tor. The Philip­pine Sta­tis­tics Au­thor­ity’s (PSA) La­bor Force Sur­vey (LFS) for July 2018 in­di­cates that there were 1.040 mil­lion un­em­ployed peo­ple aged 15 to 24.

“Un­em­ploy­ment can be at­trib­uted to mis­matches be­tween de­mand and sup­ply of la­bor, as well as the lim­ited ab­sorp­tive ca­pac­ity of the for­mal econ­omy,” BLE ex­plained.

Job-skill mis­match is a fac­tor BLE said is contributed by poor ed­u­ca­tion cur­ric­ula, un­rea­son­able qual­i­fi­ca­tions by cer­tain in­dus­tries, in­suf­fi­cient com­pe­ten­cies of job seek­ers, and in­ept em­ploy­ment ser­vices.

BLE also noted that the la­bor force par­tic­i­pa­tion rate of youth de­clined from 45.4% in 2010 to 40.1% in 2017. BLE said “This can be at­trib­uted to the cal­en­dar shift of some uni­ver­si­ties and due to the im­ple­men­ta­tion of the K-12 pro­grams.”

BLE added that the cal­en­dar shift of some in­sti­tu­tions has hin­dered high school and col­lege grad­u­ates from en­ter­ing the work force.

The Bu­reau said cur­rently avail­able youth and em­ploy­ment skills pro­grams can help en­hance youth em­ploy­a­bil­ity. One of the em­ploy­ment pro­grams avail­able is the Depart­ment of La­bor and Em­ploy­ment’s (DoLE) Spe­cial Pro­grams for Em­ploy­ment of Stu­dents (SPES) which is au­tho­rized by Repub­lic Act 10917, al­low­ing poor stu­dents the op­por­tu­nity to work dur­ing the long holidays at the end of term or over Christ­mas.

DoLE’s Job­sS­tart Philip­pines pro­gram aims to ad­dress job mis­matches and un­em­ploy­ment among the youth la­bor force. It also pro­vides tech­ni­cal train­ing skills and ca­reer guid­ance.

BLE added that other gov­ern­ment agen­cies with hu­man-cap­i­tal de­vel­op­ment pro­grams in­clude TESDA, the Com­mis­sion on Higher Ed­u­ca­tion (CHED), the Depart­ment of Sci­ence and Tech­nol­ogy (DoST), the Cabi­net Clus­ter on Hu­man De­vel­op­ment and Poverty Reduction (HDPR), the Depart­ment of Agriculture (DA), the So­cial Se­cu­rity Sys­tem (SSS), and the Gov­ern­ment Ser­vice In­surance Sys­tem (GSIS).

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from Philippines

© PressReader. All rights reserved.