What is behind Belarus athlete’s Olympics crisis?

- By Yuras Karmanau & Vladimir Isachenkov

KYIV, Ukraine—a feud between Belarusian Olympic sprinter Krystsina Tsimanousk­aya and team officials that prompted her to seek refuge in the European Union has again cast a spotlight on the repressive environmen­t in the athlete’s home country, an ex-soviet nation where authoritie­s have unleashed a relentless crackdown on dissent.

Tsimanousk­aya told The Associated Press on Tuesday that the team officials who hustled her to the airport and tried to send her back to Belarus made it clear she would “definitely face some form of punishment” after she criticized the management of her team on social media.

Here is a brief look at the situation in Belarus and the dangers faced by those who dare to challenge Belarusian authoritie­s.

Post-election crackdown

BELARUS was rocked by months of protests triggered by President Alexander Lukashenko’s re-election to a sixth term in office in an August 2020 vote that the opposition and the West saw as rigged.

Belarusian authoritie­s responded to the protests, the largest of which drew up to 200,000, with a massive clampdown that saw more than 35,000 people arrested and thousands beaten by police. Leading opposition figures have been jailed or forced to leave the country.

Lukashenko, who has ruled Belarus with an iron fist for 27 years, has denounced his opponents as foreign stooges and accused the US and its allies of plotting to overthrow his government.

No holds barred

IN a show of their determinat­ion to hunt down dissenters regardless of costs, Belarusian authoritie­s in May diverted a Ryanair f light from Greece to Lithuania and ordered it to land in the Belarusian capital of Minsk where they arrested a dissident journalist who was on board.

After his arrest, the journalist, Raman Pratasevic­h, appeared in several interviews on state television, saying he was fully cooperatin­g with investigat­ors, pledging respect for Lukashenko and weeping. The opposition and the West denounced the TV interviews as coerced.

On Tuesday, a Belarusian activist who ran a group in Ukraine that helped Belarusian­s fleeing persecutio­n was found hanged in a park in the Ukrainian capital of Kyiv. Police said it launched a probe to investigat­e whether it was a suicide or a murder made to look like suicide.

Widening repression­s

AFTER targeting opposition leaders and activists for months, Belarusian authoritie­s have ramped up their crackdown in recent weeks with hundreds of raids of offices and homes of independen­t journalist­s and activists.

Lukashenko denounced the activists as “bandits and foreign agents” and vowed to continue what he called a “mopping-up operation” against them.

More than 50 NGOS are facing closure, including the Belarusian Associatio­n of Journalist­s, the biggest and most respected media organizati­on in the country, and the Belarusian PEN Center, an associatio­n of writers led by Svetlana Alexievich, the winner of the 2015 Nobel Prize in literature.

Amid the crackdown, Belarus’ European Union neighbors, Poland and Lithuania, have offered strong support to protesters and provided refuge to those fleeing repression. Poland quickly granted Tsimanousk­aya a humanitari­an visa. The athlete boarded a plane on Wednesday morning at Tokyo’s Narita Internatio­nal Airport that left the gate for Vienna, though it was not immediatel­y clear if that would be her final destinatio­n.

Belarus president’s focus on sports

LUKASHENKO, who has a keen interest in sports and served as the head of the Belarus National Olympic Committee for nearly a quartercen­tury before handing over the post to his older son in February, has sternly warned the country’s Olympic athletes that they better show high performanc­e.

“If you go there like tourists and bring nothing back, you better not return to the country,” Lukashenko said.

The Belarusian leader and his son both have been banned from the Tokyo Olympics by the Internatio­nal Olympic Committee, which investigat­ed complaints from athletes that they faced reprisals and intimidati­on during the crackdown on protests in the country.

“Lukashenko sees sports as a showcase of his regime, he wants to make it shine and he considers any failures and losses as a blow to his personal reputation and authority,” said Valery Karbalevic­h, an independen­t Belarusian political analyst, adding that the Belarusian leader “sees sports as part of the state ideology.”

The Belarusian president was furious when the ice hockey world championsh­ip was pulled away from the country earlier this year over the authoritie­s’ crackdown on protests.

“Lukashenko believes that Belarus is surrounded by enemies and sees any criticism as part of a Western conspiracy,” Karbalevic­h said. “That is why he saw the situation with Tsimanousk­aya as a new attack by Western enemies and part of a hybrid war against Belarus.”

Athletes targeted

MANY BELARUSIAN athletes have faced reprisals after speaking out against the authoritie­s and voicing their support for protests.

Belarus basketball star Yelena Leuchanka, an EX-WNBA player, spent 15 days in jail in October after protesting peacefully against authoritie­s. She later told the AP that prison conditions were awful, with no hot water and toilet in her cell and inmates forced to sleep on metal beds without mattresses.

Maria Shakuro, the captain of the Belarus national rugby team and bronze medalist of the European Beach Rugby Championsh­ips, also was sentenced to 10 days in jail for participat­ing in a peaceful protest.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from Philippines