Canlas v. People of the Philippines
G.R. Nos. 236308-09, February 17, 2020 / Second Division / Inting, J. Criminal Law; Anti-Graft and Corrupt Practices Act. — The elements of the crime under Section 3(e) of Republic Act No. 3019 are — (i) that the accused must be a public officer discharging administrative, judicial or official functions, or a private individual acting in conspiracy with such public officers; (ii) that the accused acted with manifest partiality, evident bad faith, or gross negligence; and (iii) that his action caused undue injury to any party, including the government, or giving any private party unwarranted benefits, advantage, or preference in the discharge of his functions.