Manila Bulletin - - The 30th An­niver­sary Spe­cial Sup­ple­ment -

1983 (Au­gust 21 at 1 p.m.) – Ni­noy is as­sas­si­nated at the tar­mac of the Manila In­ter­na­tional Air­port.

1984 – Par­lia­men­tary elec­tions are held on May 14; Oc­to­ber 24, the Agrava Board tasked with in­ves­ti­gat­ing Ni­noy’s as­sas­si­na­tion con­cludes mil­i­tary con­spir­acy im­pli­cat­ing Armed Forces Chief of Staff, Gen. Fabian Ver.

1985 Feb.22 – Ver, 24 sol­diers and one civil­ian stand trial for the Aquino mur­der; Au­gust par­lia­men­tar­i­ans file mo­tion to im­peach Mar­cos cit­ing ‘hid­den wealth;’ Nov.3 Mar­cos an­nounces hold­ing of snap elec­tions on in­sis­tence of Amer­ica; Dec. 2, Ver and co ac­cused are ac­quit­ted and re­in­stated by Sandi­gan­bayan amid wide­spread protest; Dec. 3 Co­ra­zon Aquino de­clares her pres­i­den­tial can­di­dacy with Salvador Lau­rel as run­ning­mate; Dec. 5 the op­po­si­tion makes a for­mal an­nounce­ment of Aquino-Lau­rel tan­dem in the snap polls.

1986 Feb.7 – heavy voter turnout and con­fu­sion over vot­ers’ list re­sults in the dis­en­fran­chise­ment of 3 mil­lion vot­ers. COM­ELEC tally shows Mar­cos lead­ing while Cory Aquino led in NAM­FREL tally.

Feb. 9 – 35 com­puter work­ers at COM­ELEC cen­ter at PICC walk out and seek refuge at Baclaran Church to protest poll re­sults tam­per­ing.

Feb. 11 – Op­po­si­tion An­tique ex Gov. Eve­lio Javier is mur­dered in­front of the pro­vin­cial capi­tol where can­vass­ing is be­ing held. Pri­mary sus­pects are body­guards of lo­cal KBL leader.

Feb. 13 – The Catholic Bish­ops Con­fer­ence of the Philip­pines state­ment con­demn­ing the fraud­u­lent elec­tion.

Satur­day, Feb. 22 Fi­nal meet­ing of the RAM at De­fense Min­is­ter En­rile’s Das­mari­nas Vil­lage house be­fore the as­sault on Mala­cañan Palace. Ver aug­ments palace de­fense. At 3 a.m. Lt. Col. Honasan and Red Ka­punan be­gin re­con­nais­sance of Malacanang but finds bat­tle­hard­ened Marines posted at their point of at­tack. At 6:30 a.m. Maj. Avelino Ra­zon briefs AFP Vice Chief of Staff Gen. Fidel V. Ramos on de­vel­op­ments of RAM’s plans. At 9 a.m. Ver sends Col. Rolando Abadilla to Honasan to warn him that RAM should not make rash de­ci­sions but Honasan said he is not abort­ing the mis­sion but is freez­ing the op­er­a­tion for 24 hours. At 10 a.m. Cory Aquino leaves for Cebu to con­tinue the Civil Dis­obe­di­ence Cam­paign. 12 noon – Navy Capt. Rex Robles li­aises with the diplo­matic com­mu­nity to tell them of their story. US Am­bas­sador Stephen Bos­worth, Philip Habib, Pres­i­dent Rea­gan’s per­sonal en­voy to Mar­cos, meets with FM at Mala­cang on the snap elec­tion and the politi-

cal sit­u­a­tion. Bos­worth asks Mar­cos to re­tire Ver.

12:45 p.m. – As Mar­cos meets with the US en­voys, Capt. Ri­cardo Mo­rales, close in se­cu­rity of Imelda and a mole of RAM, re­con­noi­ters the palace grounds and with­draws some firearms from the PSG ar­mory. He is ar­rested and taken for in­ter­ro­ga­tion at the of­fice of the aide de camp.

1:45 p.m. – Bos­worth leaves the place and Ver storms into the Pres­i­den­tial study to re­port the ar­rest of four PSG of­fi­cers found to be mem­bers of RAM. Habib con­fides to US that Cory won the elec­tion and de­serves US sup­port.

2 p.m. – With their plans dis­cov­ered, En­rile and the RAM of­fi­cers, had to change di­rec­tion. They de­cided to draw pub­lic sup­port if they are to storm this cri­sis out. Cory in Cebu calls for the boy­cott of Mar­cos crony- owned busi­ness.

3:45 p.m. – En­rile gets through to Car­di­nal Sin and seeks his moral and ac­tive sup­port say­ing he would not sur­vive the day.

4:30 p.m. – The first mil­i­tary re­gion to go to the rebel side was Re­gional Uni­fied Com­mand No. 8, which in­cluded troops in Leyte, Mrs. Mar­cos’s prov­ince led by com­man­der, Brig. Gen. Salvador Mi­son who was in Camp Aguinaldo.

5:30 p.m. – Mar­cos calls his fam­ily to Malacanang

6:30 p.m. – Malacanang re­ceives a re­port that Ramos and En­rile were “of­fi­cially with­draw­ing their sup­port” to the Mar­cos ad­min­is­tra­tion.

6:45 p.m. – En­rile and Ramos, sur­rounded by their staff and guards hold a press con­fer­ence at the So­cial Hall of the GHQAFP to of­fi­cially an­nounce their with­drawal of sup­port to Mar­cos ad­min­is­tra­tion. En­rile asks the Cab­i­net of Mar­cos to heed the will of the peo­ple as ex­pressed in the snap elec­tion. He con­fessed to cheat­ing in his prov­ince, Ca­gayan, in that elec­tion by 350,000 votes. He said he won’t serve un­der Mrs. Aquino if she is in­stalled pres­i­dent. Our loy­alty is to the Con­sti­tu­tion and the coun­try. You are wel­come to join us. We have no food.

7p. m. – Cory re­ceives the news of En­rile and Ramos’ with­drawal. She calls Manila to ver­ify the re­port.

8:15 p.m. – Ver or­ders Brig. Gen. Fidel Sing­son, chief of the In­tel­li­gence Ser­vice of AFP to de­stroy Ra­dio Ver­i­tas. But Sing­son, who was de­fect­ing to the rebel group, sends his men to Ver­i­tas only to re­con­noi­ter, not to de­stroy.

8:30 p.m. – Car­di­nal Sin goes on air ask­ing peo­ple to stay home. Hear­ing this, the rebel groups call Sin to clar­ify their re­quest. They ask him to send peo­ple to the camps/

9 p.m. – Sin goes on air again telling peo­ple to leave their homes and pro­vide sup­port to En­rile and Ramos and give them food. Butz Aquino asks the Au­gust Twenty One Move­ment ex­ec­u­tive com­mit­tee to sup­port En­rile-Ramos but ATOM opts to wait for Cory’s in­struc­tions, who was still de­cid­ing on what ac­tion to take af­ter the call from ATOM. She asks to speak with En­rile first. Col. An­to­nio Sotelo, com­man­der of 15th Strike Wing gets a call from Col. Hec­tor Tar­ra­zona of Vil­lamor Air Base ask­ing if he is with them. Sotelo con­firms his sup­port for RAM and or­ders his Squadron com­man­ders to arm their at­tack he­li­copters.

Sun­day, Fe­bru­ary 23 Mid­night – Thou­sands of peo­ple, heed­ing Sin’s ap­peal, gather around the camps form­ing a hu­man bar­ri­cade at the gates to block any at­tack. En­rile is­sues a state­ment that it was Aquino who had won.

10 a.m. – En­rile airs an ap­peal for more civil­ian pres­ence out­side the rebel camps over Ra­dio Ver­i­tas. Ramos says that the “moral power of an en­raged pop­u­la­tion” will be enough to halt the loy­al­ist forces non­vi­o­lently. He claims that the rebels have the sup­port of up to 90% of pro­vin­cial mil­i­tary com­man­ders.

12:30 p.m. – Mar­cos ap­pears on tele­vi­sion with loy­al­ist gen­er­als. He hints at a pos­si­ble ar­tillery strike while an­nounc­ing plans for his up­com­ing Tues­day in­au­gu­ra­tion. He in­tro­duces three more of­fi­cers al­legedly in­volved in the coup. The leader of the plot is said to be En­rile’s chief of se­cu­rity, Col. Ger­go­rio “Gringo” Honasan.

1 p.m. – Armed sol­diers de­stroy Ra­dio Ver­i­tas’ trans­mis­sion tower, thereby cut­ting off all news of the re­bel­lion in Manila and Que­zon City to the provinces. En­rile and Ramos meet with busi­ness­men, de­fect­ing of­fi­cers and op­po­si­tion politi­cians pledg­ing their sup­port. Arms and am­mu­ni­tion are fer­ried into Camp Aquinaldo and Camp Crame in prepa­ra­tion for an ex­pected as­sault.

1:30 p.m. – Hav­ing heard of re­ports of loy­al­ist troop move­ments, En­rile trans­fers his forces to Camp Crame. Tens of thou­sands chant “Johnny! Johnny!” as En­rile, clutch­ing a ma­chine gun, crosses the street to Crame with his men. A large Marine con­tin­gent com­posed of tanks and an APC pro­ceeds to­wards the camps via Or­ti­gas Av­enue. They are stopped nearly a mile from the gates by a wall of tens of thou­sands of peo­ple. Gen­eral Artemio Tadiar threat­ens to open fire. The peo­ple don’t budge and sing “Bayan Ko,” pray­ing and of­fer­ing sol­diers cig­a­rettes and bread. The Marines with­draw with­out fir­ing a sin­gle shot.

2 p.m. – Ramos calls the rev­o­lu­tion “a rev­o­lu­tion of the peo­ple,” as he faces his sup­port­ers for the first time out­side the gates of Camp Crame along EDSA. Metropoli­tan Com­mand head Maj. Gen. Pros­pero Olivas tells Mar­cos he is in­ca­pable of dis­pers­ing crowds at EDSA and de­fies Mar­cos’ or­der to call Army com­man­der Maj. Gen. Jose­phus Ra­mas for re­in­force­ments.

3 p.m. – Cory re­turns to Manila and goes into hid­ing. Be­fore leav­ing Cebu, she praises the rebel lead­ers and calls on Mar­cos to step down. An ar­mored col­umn of loy­al­ist Marines are stopped by a wall of peo­ple man­ning makeshift bar­ri­cades one kilome­ter from the rebel head­quar­ters. Af­ter dusk, the col­umn with­draws. Through­out the af­ter­noon, op­po­si­tion lead­ers hold talks with En­rile on a pro­vi­sional govern­ment with Aquino as pres­i­dent.

6:30 p.m. – Ra­dio Ver­i­tas goes off air. Other sym­pa­thetic sta­tions con­tinue broad­cast­ing news of the re­bel­lion. Civil­ians man­ning DXRJ broad­cast re­ports of govern­ment and other vi­tal in­for­ma­tion to the peo­ple in the bar­ri­cades. DZRJ is now DZRB, Ra­dio Ban­dido.

7 p.m. – On air, Ramos pledges to put the “New Armed Forces” at the ser­vice of “newly-con­sti­tuted au­thor­i­ties,” un­der Cory.

Mon­day, Fe­bru­ary 24 12:10 a.m. – With Ra­dio Ver­i­tas now out, a se­cond clan­des­tine ra­dio sta­tion, called Radyo Ban­dido, airs June Ki­ethly’s broad­cast as she plays Mambo Magsaysay for iden­ti­fi­ca­tion. Through phone patch, Ramos is heard di­rect­ing troops with Artemio Tadiar, Marines head.

1 a.m. – On in­struc­tion of Sin and other Catholic bish­ops church bells ring eerily and house­holds walk out to the streets in sub­di­vi­sions sur­round­ing Camp Crame when word that Mar­cos forces were go­ing to at­tack.

2:03 a.m. – Ramos lights a cigar and an­nounces a Huey he­li­copter has been flown in by de­fect­ing Air Force pi­lots. He tells jour­nal­ists that an at­tack was ex­pected by day­break from loy­al­ist troops two kilo­me­ters away on San­tolan Road. He ap­peals on ra­dio for peo­ple to “meet the forces or­ga­nized by Ver and Mar­cos.”

3 a.m. – The Na­tional Se­cu­rity Plan­ning Group meets in Wash­ing­ton at the of­fice of Shultz as Bos­worth in Manila re­ports that Mar­cos might at­tack the rebels at day­break. Shultz pro­poses to Pres­i­dent Rea­gan that Sen. Lax­alt fly to Manila with a pres­i­den­tial mes­sage urg­ing Mar­cos to re­sign. Habib ac­com­pa­nies him to bro­ker the tran­si­tion.

3:30 a.m. – Fresh from jog­ging, Ramos re­ports that three tanks had been sighted in San­tolan. En­rile warns peo­ple through ra­dio that two APC tanks were on their way to Or­ti­gas. A hu­man bar­ri­cade braces it­self for sus­pense. But again the APCs, upon reach­ing the edge of the hu­man bar­ri­cade, hes­i­tate and re­treats. At Gate 2, Fred­die Aguilar re­ports Marines cock­ing their firearms.

4 a.m. – Rea­gan tells the Na­tional Se­cu­rity Coun­cil to ap­proach Mar­cos care­fully. He re­fuses to call Mar­cos to ask him to step down, nor would he send a per­sonal mes­sage. Shultz calls Mar­cos to tell him his time is up.

4:30 p.m. – At Camp Crame war room, Ramos re­ceives a note and breaks into a wide grin since “ev­ery­body is de­fect­ing to our side.” Ret. Brig.Gen. Guillermo Pichache com­mis­sioner of the Na­tional Pol­lu­tion Con­trol was join­ing the rebels. At 4:40 a.m. June Keith­ley in­forms Ramos that a caller from Fort Boni­fa­cio re­ported the sol­diers are mass­ing and about to leave for Camp Crame. Ramos asks for more peo­ple.

5:15 a.m. – Sotelo asks the pi­lots if any­body wanted to back out. No one did. By co­in­ci­dence, they re­ceived their first mis­sion to fly two gun­ships to Fort Boni­fa­cio. Sotelo uses this as his cover.

6 a.m. – Sin gives ab­so­lu­tion to rebel sol­diers on air. Just as he said Amen, the whirring of a he­li­copter broke the re­porters’ con­ver­sa­tion hud­dled in the war room of Camp Crame. Five gun­ships in the air hov­ered over Crame.

6:20 a.m. – Seven Siko­rskys with rock­ets and cannon land on the pa­rade ground. The rebels brace them­selves for a bloody at­tack. Out came air­men wav­ing white flags and giv­ing L sign. Rebel sol­diers hug the crews and the nun give them flow­ers. Sotelo de­fects with the en­tire elite 15thStrike Wing of Air Force.

6:27 a.m. – Keith­ley an­nounces Mar­cos, Bong­bong had taken off from Manila In­ter­na­tional Air­port and that Ver’s wife and Imelda left at 3 p.m. while Mar­cos’ daugh­ters Irene and Imee left the night be­fore leav­ing Ver alone in Malacanang.

6:30 a.m. – At the house of Doy Lau­rel the topic is the set­ting up of a pro­vi­sional govern­ment with Homobono Adaza tasked to li­aise with En­rile. En­rile asks La­ban vice pres­i­dent Tito Guing­ona to con­tact Cory and Doy about the pro­vi­sional govern­ment. He also asks that a skele­tal cab­i­net be formed.

7 a.m. – The an­nounce­ment that Mar­cos and his fam­ily had left on MBS TV4, a govern­ment sta­tion, prompts ATOM to take over MBS4. In Camp Crame, En­rile and Ramos ad­dress the crowd of lib­er­a­tion day. He did his ec­static frog jump.

9 a. m. – Mar­cos ap­pears on tele­vi­sion and de­clares a state of emer­gency through­out the ar­chi­pel­ago. He or­ders Cen­dana to put him and his fam­ily on TV to dis­prove the story of his de­par­ture. The crowds are pound­ing at the gates, de­mand­ing the guards to let them in be­cause the Mar­coses had left. Mala­cañang again sum­moned the gen­er­als to be on TV with Mar­cos to dis­prove Keith­ley’s re­port, Mar­cos ap­peals to the cit­i­zens to get out of the line of fire in case hos­til­i­ties break out.

9:20 a.m. – Ra­mas or­ders Bal­bas to fire the How­itzers. By now mil­lions take to the streets. In the middle of Mar­cos’ press­con Ver asks per­mis­sion to fire at Camp Crame but Mar­cos said the or­der is not to at­tack.

Maj. Charles Hotchkiss’ 20th Air Com­mando Squadron of the 15th Strike Wing gets its first mis­sion to crip­ple Malacanang ra­dio trans­mit­ter. One Siko­rsky gun­ship is sent but the pi­lot could not see the trans­mit­ter. In the US, Shultz and Ar­ma­cost meet at State Depart­ment with La­bor Min­is­ter Blas Ople who pleads the case of Mar­cos.

10 a.m. – The Pres­i­den­tial he­li­copters land in Pan­garap com­plex and the Air Force Group, com­posed of five pi­lots and four sol­diers. In Nag­ta­han, Marines and Pres­i­den­tial Se­cu­rity Com­mand troop­ers in full bat­tle gear keep cock­ing their au­to­matic ri­fles as crowds of 3,000 be­gan inch­ing to­wards Malacanang. Sev­eral V-150 com­mando cars with mounted can­nons start block­ing Nag­ta­han bridge by mid morn­ing. Tommy Man­otoc re­ceives a call from JUS­MAG’s Brig Gen Ted Allen of­fer­ing Amer­i­can he­li­copters or navy boats to trans­port the ail­ing Mar­cos and his en­tourage out of the be­lea­guered palace. When the bombs fall on Malacanang from the post of­fice, all the Mar­coses de­scend to the ground floor, near the el­e­va­tor where it was safest. The 15th Strike Wing fires six rock­ets hit­ting the room of Imelda and the gar­den of Dona Josefa Edralin Mar­cos. Col. Ir­win Ver, com­man­der of Palace Guards or­ders full at­tack on the rebels. Ver claims the palace was hit and suf­fered 10 ca­su­al­ties.

11:45 a.m. – Ra­dio Ver­i­tas be­gins air­ing with MBS 4 fa­cil­i­ties

12 nn. – In Camp Crame, Sotelo dis­patches three gun­ships to Boni­fa­cio with in­struc­tions to shoot at any he­li­copters or planes on the ground. They find five in Vil­lamor and Hotchkiss catches their ra­dio fre­quency and aska the pi­lots to va­cate the area. But the re­ply was “come and get it.”

12:30 p.m. – Marines pull out through the Lo­gis­tics Com­mand, took Ro­driguez Av­enue and Shaw Boule­vard. The hu­man bar­ri­cades along Shaw break ranks for them to go through smoothly.

1 p.m. – In Malacanang, Ver gives se­cret or­der to Pic­cio to launch an air at­tack on Crame but Pic­cio says “we have no more gun­ships. They have just been de­stroyed.” Ver looks and gets pi­lots in Malacanang but could not give them fighter bombers, which were at Clark with­out gas.

1:25 p.m. – Orly Pun­za­lan and Maan Hon­tiveros (pro­ducer of Ms. El­la­neous) an­nounce that Chan­nel 4 is back on air to serve the peo­ple. They call the for­mer tech­ni­cians of ABS-CBN to re­port back to work.

2 p.m. – In San­tolan, Libis a truck and jeep load of Marines stop in front of hu­man bar­ri­cade of 200 boys and girls from Ate­neo de­mand­ing to pass to as­sault Crame. But the kids won’t bud­get. Af­ter a half hour, the kids are asked by nuns and priests to give way and the marines charge. In Doy Lau­rel’s house, the Batasan mem­bers con­tinue plan­ning for a new govern­ment and Cory joins the group along with Guing­ona and Palma.

3 p.m. – In Malacanang, Am­bas­sador Peter Sung of Sin­ga­pore calls with an ur­gent mes­sage from Lee Kuan Yew of­fer­ing Mar­cos his hos­pi­tal­ity and invit­ing him and fam­ily to fly there. Mar­cos sends his grat­i­tude to Prime Min­is­ter Lee. By now, an over­flow­ing crowd fill EDSA from Cubao to Or­ti­gas, the San­tolan Road from San Juan up to Libis, Mur­phy and all side streets sur­round­ing Aguinaldo and Crame. Rebel sol­diers then swoop down on Chan­nel 7.

3:55 p.m. – In MBS Radyo Pilipino, the rebel sta­tion, Bayan Ko is played for the first time af­ter three years. Cory ad­dresses the peo­ple for the first time from the main en­trance of POEA build­ing.

4:30 p.m. – A pro­vi­sional govern­ment is set up af­ter which Cory and Doy are pro­claimed. Batasan mem­bers agree to fill up the posts of Prime Min­is­ter, Fi­nance, De­fense and For­eign Affairs first. In Malacanang, Ver and Ra­mas de­cide to launch the fi­nal sui­cide as­sault on the rebels. US Em­bassy gets wound of this plan and phones Wash­ing­ton.

6 p.m. – Rea­gan is awak­ened by his Ad­mi­ral Poin­dex­ter, his se­cu­rity ad­vi­sor, to pub­licly call on Mar­cos to re­sign. In Camp Crame, Ro­man Cruz Jr., pres­i­dent of Philip­pine Air Lines, sub­mits his res­ig­na­tion let­ter to Cory, mak­ing him the first govern­ment of­fi­cial to rec­og­nize Cory as the duly-elected pres­i­dent. Ramos and En­rile hold a press con­fer­ence with lo­cal and for­eign press to an­nounce the takeover of the New Armed Forces of the Peo­ple is al­most com­plete.

7:30 p.m. – In Wash­ing­ton, the US en­dorses the pro­vi­sional govern­ment of Cory.

8:10 p.m. – Mar­cos ap­pears live with Mrs Mar­cos, Bong­bong and daugh­ter Imee call­ing on loyal fol­low­ers to re­port to Men­di­ola bar­ri­cade near Malacanang to en­list and be is­sued firearms or for his in­au­gu­ra­tion to­mor­row at the Palace. He re­it­er­ates that the coun­try is un­der an emer­gency. He de­clares cur­few all over the coun­try ef­fec­tive 6 p.m. to 6 a.m.

9:00 p.m. – The ap­point­ments of Doy as Prime Min­is­ter, En­rile as De­fense Min­is­ter and Ramos as Chief of Staff have been made. Chief Jus­tice Ra­mon Aquino and his son dines with Mar­cos girls in Malacanang and only Mar­cos sons in law Greggy Araneta and Tommy Man­otoc seem wor­ried about the sit­u­a­tion. The palace is a fortress with mil­i­tary men sleep­ing all over the place, in­clud­ing cor­ri­dors.

Tues­day, Feb. 25 12 mid­night – Fire­works are seen prompted by per­sis­tent ru­mors of Mar­cos’ fall and flight. In Nag­ta­han Bridge sev­eral are wounded when loyal sol­diers fire at rebel sup­port­ers who had turned back a col­umn of ar­mored ve­hi­cles head­ing to­wards Chan­nel 4. There is lit­tle sleep in the palace as aides sift through cab­i­nets and boxes filled with doc­u­ments, re­ceipts, let­ters, many of them in­crim­i­nat­ing.

2:45 a.m. – Mar­cos calls Wash­ing­ton about the pro­vi­sional govern­ment and pro­posed a power shar­ing be­tween him and Cory or as ad­viser to Cory un­til the end of his term in 1987. Sen­a­tor Paul Lax­alt, his friend, prom­ises to con­sult Rea­gan and call him back. Imelda calls First Lady Nancy to ask her hus­band’s mes­sage. Nancy prom­ises to get back to her.

3 a. m. – in Wash­ing­ton, Ale­jan­dro Melchor tries to ne­go­ti­ate Mar­cos’ exit but was asked by the Na­tional Se­cu­rity Coun­cil to tele­phone Sin in Manila to se­cure the Car­di­nal’s in­ter­ven­tion with Cory over the deal

3:30 a.m. – in Fort Boni­fa­cio, Marines are ju­bi­lant of the news that Mar­cos just can­celled his or­der to at­tack Crame us­ing mor­tars. In Vil­lamor, two RF27 and C-130 planes used as troop trans­port takes off on a mis­sion of fer­ry­ing re­in­force­ments or­dered by Ver. The pi­lots change plans and land at Clark. The same thing hap­pens with pi­lots in Basa Air Base and Legazpi City. In re­turn for Ver’s not order­ing the at­tack, the US would guar­an­tee his (and fam­ily’s) safety.

5 a.m. – Mar­cos and Imelda get their re­spec­tive replies from Wash­ing­ton. Mar­cos asks Lax­alt if he should step down. Lax­alt says “I think you should cut and cut cleanly. The time has come.”

5:30 a.m. – Mar­cos can­cels his or­der to loy­al­ists to fire on Crame and joins his fam­ily who urged him to leave. But Imelda is adamant. In Times St., QC ne­go­ti­a­tions be­tween Cory and rebel sol­diers for the oath tak­ing to be in Aguinaldo go on fren­ziedly from evening of Feb. 24 un­til now. But Cory in­sists on hav­ing her oath at Club Filipino.

6 a.m. – In Club Filipino, the place is ablaze with yel­low as peo­ple start pour­ing in. In QC mean­time, loyal forces fire at the tower of Chan­nel 4.

8 a.m. – The grounds teem with peo­ple, ex­tend­ing up to Green­hills Com­mer­cial Cen­ter. The Sam­pa­guita Hall where Cory is tak­ing her oath has 500 peo­ple when it could only ac­com­mo­date 300. In Malacanang, Imelda phones En­rile ask­ing how the prob­lem could be set­tled and to or­ga­nize a pro­vi­sional govern­ment. But En­rile said he was not in­ter­ested in power and it was too late as he al­ready com­mit­ted sup­port to Cory. Mar­cos asks if it would be safe for him to leave the Philip­pines to which En­rile said why not. Mar­cos asked if Ver is safe. En­rile said it is a dif­fer­ent mat­ter. In com­bat uni­form, En­rile and Ramos ar­rive at Sam­pa­guita Hall to sign the Ci­ti­zen Res­o­lu­tion re­vok­ing the procla­ma­tion of Mar­cos and To­lentino and in­stalling Aquino and Lau­rel.

9 a.m. – The Univer­sity Belt in Sam­paloc be­comes a ver­i­ta­ble war zone. In Malacanang, aides are pack­ing im­por­tant pa­pers and per­sonal ne­ces­si­ties of the First Fam­ily for the trip to the north. Cory and fam­ily pre­pare to board cars for Club Filipino. The mood is fes­tive. Rebel sol­diers come in cars and chop­pers.

Feb. 25 evening – US he­li­copters filled with Amer­i­cans land at Malacanang Park, across the palace on the Pasig River. The Mar­coses are told to board the chop­pers. Mar­cos and his fam­ily are taken to Clark Air Base in Pam­panga. Upon land­ing, they are told that they would be trans­ferred to a big­ger plane. Mar­cos and Imelda as­sumes the big­ger plane would take them to Paoay. When the plane ar­rives, Mar­cos, who was sleep­ing at that time, is roused from his slum­ber with the word that they y would have to leave Clark k be­cause the NPAs are set to at­tack. They board the plane and take off. Af­ter more than han an hour in flight, Imel­daelda asks a Maj. Allen why they are not yet in Ilo­cos. She is told that they will be land­ing ng in Guam in­stead.

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