The Manila Times
TAMPAKAN MINING DANGEROUS— EXPERTS
KORONADAL CITY: International and local experts criticized the Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) of the Tampakan Mine Project during a public forum held at the South Cotabato gymnasium and Cultural Center on September 23.
The Office of the Governor and the Social Action Center of Marbel coorganized the activity to bring together the consultants of Sagittarius Mines Inc/ Xstrata and experts from the anti-mining groups to present the possible impact of the Tampakan mining project to the people and environment according to Father Joy Peliño, director of the Social Action Center of the Marbel Diocese
Clive Wicks and Dr. Robert Goodland, environmental consultants and members of the London based Working Group on Mining in the Philippines (WGMP-UK) read and analyzed the draft Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) of SMI/Xstrata and found that the 3,000-page document fails to disclose the most severe impacts of the mining project in an area of high seismic activity and is badly flawed in recognition of the risks the mine poses.
A shorter version of the ESIA, the EIS, was equally criticized. The document is a requirement of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources-Environmental Management Bureau (DENR-EMB)—before SMI/Xstrata can receive the Environmental Compliance Certificate (ECC) necessary to start the mine development.
After two and a half hours of presentation by the SMI/Xstrata consultants, Clive Wicks and Filipino experts, lawyer Ipat Luna and Kail Zingapan, presented their evaluation and discussed the real risks of the project that seemed to be covered up in the massive EIS and ESIA documents.
Wicks pointed out that SMI own consultants admitted in their Waste Management Appendix (page 42)—“there is a high potential for loss of life and severe environmental damage if the tailings dam or rock storage facility collapse.” He went on to say that in his and Dr. Robert Goodland opinion, there was a strong chance that the facilities would collapse just as 16 tailings dams have collapsed in the Philippines in recent years. Many more tailings dams have collapsed on the Island of New Guinea.
“You know that the mine area is on top of stratovolcanoes and fault lines, some of which cross each other, and is located in an area of high seismic activity, and you will build large dams and a rock storage facility for 1.6 billion tons of toxic rock that are highly susceptible to breakage and disasters. In that event, how many people will die?” Wicks asked the SMI experts. This was a basic question he had asked in his assessment of other plans in different countries. SMI/Xstrata consultants, however, did not answer the query.
Wicks also pointed out that SMI/Xstrata are expecting the people of the three provinces to take the risk forever in perpetuity, while the company only carries the risk for about 20 years. The company does not even recognize many of them as stakeholders. Every person who uses water from the Tampakan Mountain is a stakeholder and has a human right to clean water. One of the biggest risks is to the vital shallow aquifers under Koronadal Valley and many other areas. If they are polluted by acid mine drainage they can never be cleaned up.
Wicks and Goodland are the authors of the book Philippines: Mining or Food? published in 2009, a book that documented how the agriculture industry and communities are affected by mining activities in the country.
The Tampakan mine development covers an area of approximately 10, 000 hectares. The development will cut down almost 4,000-hectares of forests including old growth forests. It will affect the water source of communities on 6 rivers with arsenic and acid mine drainage. The Mal river will be the worst affected as many streams in its catchment will be destroyed and replaced by the tailings dam. That will impact the Mal River, the region’s biggest river system and damage agriculture in Davao del Sur.
Kail Zingapan of Philippine Association for Intercultural Development (PAFID), who worked with local indigenous communities to produce an impressive 3D map of the Koronadal Valley and the Tampakan watersheds, explained what the mining project would mean for the affected communities.
“This is the people’s map, we did not invent this. The people showed us where their lands are located and we just plotted them in the map. We showed them the outcome and they saw that the mine development area covers their ancestral lands and it seems not all of them were consulted or correctly informed of the risks by SMI,” she said.
People were shocked as Zingapan placed the supposed mine tailings dam area on top of the hill, and the fresh water dam right where Mal River is located. “This is your land, where you live and get your food and needs for everyday. It is up to you now if you want to see this land devastated and taken away from you or not,” she said in Bisaya.
Environmental lawyer Ipat Luna, on the other hand, explained her legal evaluation of the EIS, “ The EIS inadequately sets out the direct losses to be caused by the project and has gaps in terms of other legal permits and compliance. The Stakeholders’ Development Framework fails to appreciate the unique cultural identity of the B’laan and merely enumerates standard social development interventions.”
After the presentation of SMI’S EIA and critique, Bishop Dinualdo Gutierrez of the Diocese of Marbel said, “No mining project will ever be good for us. Let us continue to support the South Cotabato Environmental Code that bans open pit mining.” Bishop Gutierrez reiterated there is no need for the Sangguniang Panlalawigan to review the said code.
“Unlike Smi/xstrata who are here to get the approval of the people to mine their lands, the experts and nongovernmental organizations are here because the communities requested our help. We are here also because we believe that the claimed benefits of this mining project are clearly outweighed by the impact it will bring to water, agriculture, forests, biodiversity and communities.”
Towards the end, Smi/xstrata consultants found it hard to convince the people that their project will not impact negatively on many lives.
When asked, “What if the directly-affected people do not want to leave their lands,” a Smi/xstrata spokesperson answered, “If you the people do not want leave and resettle, then we do not have a project to talk about.”
SMI’S problem is that all the people who depend on the upland area for water will have to give their approval, not just the seven barangays on the top of the mountain.
As a result of the forum, Gov. Arthur Pingoy Jr. assured the people, that he will implement the Provincial Environmental Code Ordinance and that there will be no open-pit mining in the province unless there is an order from the Courts.