Differentiated instruction: A philosophical approach
IN RECOGNITION and consideration of the learners’ individual differences, the learner and learning – centered philosophical approach is a type of intervention in the process of classroom instruction. To this effect, the learning cannot be sided alone to cognitive domain, so it is important to identify and understand the individual differences of the learners for a more effective and sensitive instruction. To this essence, individual differences refer to students’ different potentials and ways of learning due to outside stimulus and characteristics.
Considering individuals differences, one of the components that influence language learning is the student’s learning style. This refers to the learners’ preference mode for realizing, assorting and retaining information. According to Andreou et. al, students tend to favor tactile and kinaesthetic styles(2008) from the many learning styles.
On the other side, Sternberg’s Triarchic Theory of human intelligence stipulated that another component of individual difference is a student’s type of intelligence and classified into analytic, practical, and creative information processing (1996). In this study, “analytic thinkers appear to put emphasis on high grades and test scores, follow directions very well, and often prefer to be given directions.”
As referred to the above notion,
“creative thinkers are more moderate in nature. They are intermediate to lower in terms of grade and test scores, do not like to follow directions but prefer to direct their own selves, and prefer to create their own ideas. They do not fit well in school and feel that schooling is a form of confinement.”
In consonance to the said insight, “practical thinkers are similar to creative thinkers.” These learners are intermediate to lower in terms of
grade and test scores. They feel bored by formal instruction, prefer to apply ideas pragmatically and they tend to look for the practical use of tasks assigned to them.”
Finally, each type of learners must be considered. Knowing their strengths and weaknesses can help an educator adjust to effectively teach the learners with different learning approaches and class of intelligence. ( Paid article)