Philippine Daily Inquirer



WASHINGTON—CLIMATE change is making stronger El Niños, which change weather worldwide and heat up an already warming planet, a new study finds.

Scientists examined 33 El Niños in the equatorial Pacific that trigger weather extremes across the globe since 1901. They found that since the 1970s, El Niños have been forming farther to the west in warmer waters, leading to stronger El Niños in some cases.

A powerful El Niño can trigger drought in some places, like Australia and India. And it can cause flooding in other areas like California. The Pacific gets more hurricanes during an El Niño and the Atlantic gets fewer.

El Niño makes winters milder and wetter in the United States, which generally benefits from strong El Niños. They’re devastatin­g elsewhere.

The 1997-98 event caused thousands of deaths from severe storms, heat waves, floods and drought, costing between $32 billion and $96 billion, according to a UN study .

The shift for the origin of El Niño by hundreds of miles from the east of the Internatio­nal

Dateline to the west of that point is important because the water to the west is naturally warmer, said study lead author Bin Wang, an atmospheri­c scientist.

Before 1978, 12 of the 14 El Niños formed in the east. After 1978, all 11 were more central or western, according a study in Monday’s Proceeding­s of the National Academy of Sciences.

Wang said there have been three “super” El Niños, starting in 1982, 1997 and 2015 and all started in the west. During each of those El Niños, the world broke new average temperatur­e records.

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