LO­CAL LI­BRARIES AS REPOS­I­TORY AND SOURCE OF LO­CAL HIS­TOR­I­CAL KNOWL­EDGE: CHAL­LENGES AND PROSPECTS

Ra­mon­netto S. Ger­va­cio

PLAI Congress 2018 Program - - PARALLEL SESSION -

Bangko Sen­tral ng Pilip­inas—Oza­miz Branch Email ad­dress: ram_ger­va­[email protected]­hoo.com Ab­stract

There is am­ple le­gal an­chor in the Philip­pines for the set­ting-up and main­te­nance of li­braries by lo­cal gov­ern­ment units (LGU). Con­tin­gent upon the full im­ple­men­ta­tion of R.A. 7743, or the law on the es­tab­lish­ment of con­gres­sional, city, and mu­nic­i­pal li­braries and barangay cen­ters, po­ten­tially over 43,000 li­braries will be es­tab­lished na­tion­wide. How­ever, as of end of 2017, only a lit­tle over 1,400 lo­cal li­braries were af­fil­i­ated with the Na­tional Li­brary of the Philip­pines.

Apart from the fund­ing short­fall which is a com­mon predica­ment faced by LGU-op­er­ated li­braries, there is also that chal­lenge of the rel­e­vance of lo­cal pub­lic li­braries. Set­ting up a mini mu­seum and spe­cial­ized lo­cal his­tory cor­ners are two of the var­i­ous at­tempts to make lo­cal his­tory rel­e­vant to the lo­cal pop­u­la­tion. This pa­per is based on the key in­for­mant in­ter­views con­ducted among LGU Of­fi­cers and the Li­brar­i­ans and/or Li­brary In-charge of se­lected LGU-op­er­ated li­braries in North­west­ern Min­danao. The key in­for­mant in­ter­view ex­plores re­cep­tiv­ity of key LGU Of­fi­cers to­wards build­ing the ca­pa­bil­ity of lo­cal li­braries in doc­u­ment­ing and gath­er­ing lo­cal his­tor­i­cal knowl­edge to in­clude, among oth­ers, the col­lec­tion of old pho­to­graphs, doc­u­ments, and other tan­gi­ble cul­tural arte­facts. A to­tal of five key in­for­mant in­ter­views were con­ducted: 3 in Misamis Oc­ci­den­tal and 1 each in Zam­boanga del Norte and Zam­boanga del Sur.

Lo­cal li­braries serv­ing as repos­i­tory and source of lo­cal his­tor­i­cal knowl­edge is well-sup­ported by the key LGU of­fi­cers. Of the five LGU­op­er­ated li­braries, 3 have a mini mu­seum fea­tur­ing lo­cal arte­facts and the Philip­pine cur­ren­cies. Fund­ing and per­son­nel train­ing re­mains the two lead­ing chal­lenges iden­ti­fied by the key in­for­mants.

Key­words: LGU-op­er­ated li­braries; lo­cal his­tory

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