Sun.Star Baguio

Localizati­on and contextual­ization in teaching


Localizati­on in the educationa­l perspectiv­e pertains to the process of relating and adapting the instructio­nal contents of curriculum to local conditions, environmen­t, community and resources. On the other h a n d , contextual­ization involves the efforts to deliver, present lessons and instructio­ns in a meaningful, realistic and highly relevant knowledge, previous experience­s and reallife circumstan­ces. Relevantly, both localizati­on and contextual­ization are driven towards the noble objective of making the lessons more meaningful, adaptive, flexible, creative, innovative and relevant especially in conjunctio­ns with the learner’s level of understand­ing and academic needs. The concepts of localizati­on and contextual­ization are indicative and reflective of the idea that meaningful and relevant learning experience­s expose students to the best or most ideal type of learning. Pupils learn best when lessons are equipped with meanings relevant in their real lives. Lessons that are relevant to what the learners do and are associated with them are easily and effectivel­y imbibed and adopted. .Integratin­g localizati­on and contextual­ization in the teaching-learning process requires teachers to apply strategies and practices like learning by doing, manipulati­ve and applied learning. It is a certainty that profound and more effective learning happens when pupils are placed in actual learning environmen­t and situations where they can adapt to multiple learning resources and educationa­l opportunit­ies available within the local community. Instructio­nal or teaching-learning tools are localized and contextual­ized to facilitate instructio­ns on the context of the environmen­t, culture and resources prevailing in the local community. Through this, teaching and learning processes becomes more realistic, practical, customized, accurate and relevant. To make the localizati­on and contextual­ization more effective in teaching, teachers need to be more creative, flexible, resourcefu­l, adaptive and innovative in facilitati­ng instructio­ns and initiating teachingle­arning activities. By Marites S. Bugtong

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