STRATE­GIES TO CRE­ATE PEER TEACH­ING IN THE CLASS­ROOM

Sun.Star Pampanga - - PERSPECTIVE! -

EMILINDA B. NAVARRO Some ex­perts be­lieve that a sub­ject is truly mas­tered only when learner is able to teach it to some­one else. Peer teach­ing gives stu­dents the op­por­tu­nity to learn some­thing well and at the same time, be­come a re­source to teach oth­ers. The strate­gies that fol­low are prac­ti­cal ways to cre­ate peer teach­ing in the class­room. They also al­low the teacher to sup­ple­ment the teach­ing done by stu­dents when nec­es­sary.

1. Group-to-Group Ex­change A dif­fer­ent as­sign­ment is given to dif­fer­ent groups of stu­dents. Each group then “teaches” what it has learned to the rest of the class.

2. Jig­saw Learn­ing Jig­saw learn­ing is a widely prac­ticed tech­nique that is sim­i­lar to –groupto group ex­change with one im­por­tant dif­fer­ence. Ev­ery sin­gle stu­dent teaches some­thing. It is an ex­cit­ing al­ter­na­tive when­ever there is ma­te­rial to be learned that can be seg­mented or ”chun­ked” and when no seg­ment must be taught be­fore the oth­ers. Each stu­dent learns some­thing which when com­bined with the ma­te­rial learned by oth­ers, forms a co­her­ent body of knowl­edge or skill.

3. Ev­ery­one Is A Teacher Here This strat­egy ob­tains class-wide par­tic­i­pa­tion and in­di­vid­ual ac­count­abil­ity. It gives ev­ery stu­dent the op­por­tu­nity to act as a “teacher “to other stu­dents.

4. Peer Lessons To pro­mote peer teach­ing in the class­room, those strat­egy places the en­tire re­spon­si­bil­ity for teach­ing fel­low stu­dents on class mem­bers.

5. Stu­dent-Cre­ated Case Stud­ies Case study is widely her­alded as one of the best learn­ing meth­ods. A typ­i­cal case dis­cus­sion fo­cuses on the is­sues in­volved in a con­crete sit­u­a­tion as an ex­am­ple. This ac­tion that should be taken, the les­son that can be learned, and the ways of han­dling or avoid­ing such sit­u­a­tions in the fu­ture are con­sid­ered. The tech­nique al­lows stu­dents to cre­ate their own case stud­ies.

6. In This News This is an in­ter­est­ing way to get stu­dents in­volved and arouse their in­ter­est in the topic even be­fore they at­tend the class. This peer teach­ing ap­proach will also re­sult in a wealth of ma­te­rial and in­for­ma­tion that can be shared with all stu­dents.

7. Poster Ses­sion This al­ter­na­tive pre­sen­ta­tion is an ex­cel­lent way to in­form stu­dents quickly cap­ture their imag­i­na­tion and in­vite an ex­change of ideas among them. This tech­nique is also a novel and graphic way to en­abling stu­dents to ex­press their per­cep­tions and feel­ings about the topic you are cur­rently dis­cussing in a non-threat­en­ing en­vi­ron­ment.

— oOo— The au­thor is Mas­ter Teacher I at Alauli Ele­men­tary School, Masan­tol South Dis­trict

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