Ang ipis

Sun.Star Pampanga - - OPINOIOPNINION -

While do­ing some research on cli­mate change, I read an ar­ti­cle about cer­tain species of plants and an­i­mals that will most likely sur­vive cli­mate change. In sur­viv­ing cli­mate change, or any dis­as­ter for that mat­ter, the key is the abil­ity to ad­just in the new con­di­tions. Many an­i­mals and plants are now ex­tinct be­cause they could not adapt to ex­treme changes in their en­vi­ron­ment.

One of those that will most likely sur­vive cli­mate change is the pesky cock­roach, the night­mare of home­own­ers and en­emy of pest ex­ter­mi­na­tors. The cock­roach is a mas­ter of sur­vival. This in­sect is es­ti­mated to be at least 200 mil­lion years old. There are cock­roach fos­sils as far back as 350 mil­lion years which means they are older than some of the di­nosaurs.

Talk­ing about the re­silience of cock­roaches, did you know that it can sur­vive head­less for sev­eral weeks? This is be­cause a cock­roach breathes through small holes in its body seg­ments and has an open cir­cu­la­tory sys­tem. Since it doesn’t need its head to breathe, it can sur­vive with­out it for a short time. In case of a nu­clear ex­plo­sion, cock­roaches are most likely sur­vive than hu­mans. They can with­stand 10 times more ra­di­a­tion than a per­son.

A cock­roach can also live al­most a month with­out food. How­ever, they will die in a week if they do not have ac­cess to wa­ter. When flush­ing them out your homes, don’t try to drown them. Cock­roaches can hold their breath for up to 40 min­utes.

Won­der why in spite of in­sec­ti­cide sprays, the creep­ing in­sect still roam in your homes? That’s be­cause some fe­male cock­roaches only mate once and stay preg­nant for life. That en­sures the sur­vival of their kind. You can’t out­run them too. Cock­roaches can run up to 3 miles an hour.

Cock­roaches are de­spised be­cause of health and safety rea­sons. The in­sect is known to cause al­ler­gic re­ac­tions and trig­ger asthma at­tacks, es­pe­cially in chil­dren. They also spread nearly 33 kinds of bac­te­ria in­clud­ing E. coli and Sal­mo­nella. They are car­ri­ers of var­i­ous dis­eases be­cause they are com­monly found near waste de­posits or in the kitchen, where food is present. Cock­roaches also emit un­pleas­ant odors.

Did you know that not all cock­roaches are bad? Of the thou­sands of species of cock­roaches in the world, only about one per­cent, or about 30, are con­sid­ered pests. Others are ac­tu­ally ben­e­fi­cial to the en­vi­ron­ment be­cause they act as re­cy­clers of de­cay­ing or­ganic ma­te­rial. Some of the “bad” cock­roaches species are the Amer­i­can, Ger­man, Ori­en­tal and brown-banded species.

Be­lieve it or not, some cock­roaches are eaten in many places around the world. Ac­cord­ing to Wikipedia, they are eaten in Mex­ico and Thai­land. The heads and legs are re­moved, and the re­main­ders are boiled, sauted, grilled, dried or diced. In China, cock­roaches have be­come pop­u­lar as medicine and cock­roach farm­ing is ris­ing. The cock­roaches are fried twice in hot oil, which makes them crispy with soft in­nards that are like cot­tage cheese. Fried cock­roaches are ground and sold as pills for stom­ach, heart and liver dis­eases.


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