Val­ues In­te­gra­tion in the 21st Century Teach­ing of Sci­ence

Sun.Star Pampanga - - PERSPECTIVE! -

Charisma B. San­tos

The K to 12 Ba­sic Ed­u­ca­tion Pro­gram is a ma­jor ed­u­ca­tion re­form im­ple­mented in2012 in the Philip­pines. It serves as a re­sponse to the ur­gent need to im­prove the qual­ity of Philip­pine ba­sic ed­u­ca­tion. On top of the length­en­ing of the ba­sic ed­u­ca­tion cycle, the cur­ric­ula of the sub­jects in this new pro­gram dif­fer from those of the old one. As a whole, the Philip­pine K to 12 sci­ence cur­ricu­lum is learner-cen­tered and in­quiry-based, em­pha­siz­ing the use of ev­i­dence in con­struct­ing ex­pla­na­tions. Unlike in the old cur­ricu­lum where learning tended to be more fo­cused on frag­mented and dis­in­te­grated con­tent, K to 12 cur­ricu­lum fos­ters the de­vel­op­ment of crit­i­cal think­ing, cre­ative think­ing, prob­lem solving, team-work and in­for­ma­tional lit­er­acy .

In this re­gard, teach­ers must take into con­sid­er­a­tions that skills and knowl­edge that are needed for 21st century learn­ers should be spelled out, based on val­ues like hon­esty, and co­op­er­a­tion. Cre­at­ing value and dif­fer­en­ti­a­tion is the key for 21st century learn­ers such as teach­ing them on how to work­ing on dif­fer­ent pro­jects in dif­fer­ent groups and understanding the strength and weak­ness of oth­ers and self as in­di­vid­u­als. Learning sci­ence in schools helps stu­dents de­velop prob­lem solving skills and crit­i­cal think­ing skills. How­ever, sci­ence cur­ricu­lum needs to be strength­ened so that it en­cour­ages stu­dents to ex­plore their en­vi­ron­ment.


The author is Teacher II at Na­tivi­dad High School

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